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Properties Of Matter

Chemistry Project.

Megan Washington

on 25 January 2013

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Transcript of Properties Of Matter

Properties Of Matter. Properties Of Matter Questions Main Idea: Substances and State Of Matter Most common substances exist as solids, liquids, and gases, which diverse physical and chemical properties Objectives: Identify the characteristics of a substance. Distinguish between physical and chemical properties. Differentiate among the physical states of matter. Solids and Liquids Gas and Vapor Physical Properties of Matter Chemical Properties Of Matter Observing Properties Of Matter As you know, matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Everything around you is matter, including the things you can't see. From Chapter 1, that matter uniform and unchanging composition is called substance. All matter that exists naturally on Earth can be classified as one of these physical forms, which are called state of matter. The three common states of matter can be distinguished by the way it fills a container. A solid is a form of matter that has it's own definite shape and volume. Wood, iron, paper, and sugar are all examples of solids. A liquid is a form of matter that flows, has constant volume and takes the shape of it's container. The particles in liquid are not rigidly held in place and are less closely packed than the particles in a solid. A gas is a form of matter that's not only flows to confirm to the shape of its container but also fills the entire volume of it's container. Vapor is a gaseous state of substance that is a liquid or solid at room temperature steam is a part of vapor cause it's water at room temperature. You probably used to identifying objects by their characteristics and behavior. Those characteristics are all physical properties. Physical property is a characteristics that can be observed or measured without changing the sample's composition.
Physical properties can be further described as being one of two types, Extensive Properties and Intensive Properties. Extensive Properties Extensive properties are dependent on the amount of substance present. Examples: mass. Intensive Properties Intensive properties are independent of the amount of substance present. Example: density of a substance (at constant temperature and pressure) Some properties of substance are not obvious unless the substance changed composition. The ability of a substance to combine with or change into one or more other substances is called chemical properties.
Examples: Iron forming rust when combined with oxygen in air.
Inability of a substance to change into another substance. Every substance has it's own unique set of physical and chemical properties. External conditions can affect both physical and chemical properties .
Example: Consider the properties of water, you might think water is a liquid but really it's a physical property, which is not particularly chemically reactive. 1. What are the three states of matters?

2. Name the two types of physical properties?

3. Iron forming rust when combine with oxygen in air, is what property? Megan Washington, Imani Short, Justyn Smith, Felepa Dartay, Elvis
Chemistry: Block 4
Date: 1/24/2013
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