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Linear Perspective

Linear Perspective History and Drawing Techniques

scott root

on 16 March 2017

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Transcript of Linear Perspective

Drawing Techniques
1 point
Important Vocabulary
Buffalo, NY
Frank Llyod Wright
A New way of Drawing is born
Phillipo Brunelleschi
What is Perspective Anyway?
Linear Perspective ~ A mathematical system for
creating the illusion of space and distance on
a flat surface such as a canvas or wall.
Vanishing Points ~ These reference points in a
composition are where all parallel lines converge
to on the horizon line. They appear to come together.
The vanishing points are generally placed at the
viewer's eye level.
Maverick Architect
Linear Perspective
Learning How to Draw
A method of representing our world
To find out how it all began...
We need to go back in time roughly 600 yrs
The story begins with a
1377 -1446
The completed Dome at the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence
remains one of the most towering achievements of Renaissance
Notice the people standing on top?
The top turret is approximately 7 stories high.
From here, you'll learn how to draw
using linear perspective methods that
Brunelleschi developed approximately
600 yrs ago.
One vanishing point is typically used for roads, railway tracks, hallways, or buildings viewed so that the front is directly facing the viewer.
1 vanishing
All lines are drawn to converge on
1 vanishing point
2 vanishing
2 point
Two-point perspective can be used to draw the same
objects as one-point perspective. The typical viewing
angle: looking at the corner of a house, or looking at
two forked roads shrink into the distance,
vanishing point
vanishing point
America's Greatest Architect
Falling Water
Darwin D. Martin House
Bear Run,
3 point
Three-point perspective is usually used for buildings seen from above (or below). In addition to the two vanishing points from before, one for each wall, there is now one for how those walls recede into the ground.

This third vanishing point will be below the ground. Looking up at a tall building is another common example of the third vanishing point. This time the third vanishing point is high in space. Using a 3rd Vanishing point allows the viewer to experience extreme viewing angles.
3 vanishing
Drawing objects above the horizon line = The "Ants Eye View."
This provides the viewer with an angle of looking up at something.
Developing your drawing skills with the knowledge of "perspective" will allow you
as an artist to envison and bring to life creative worlds and fill them with multi-dimensional objects.
Buffalo has a rich tradition of architectural buildings.
Buffalo became a stomping ground for some of America's
most famous architects notably Henry Hobson RIchardson,
Daniel Burnham, Louis Sullivan and John Wellborn Root.

Later Frank Lloyd Wright; who became America's most celebrated architect, came to Buffalo and designed
some of his best Prairie style houses for the Larkin
executives notably Darwin D. Martin.
American Architecture
You may be asking yourself "How does this connect or relate to my life?

Well, lets see....
June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959
Now its onto Wright's most famous house design. A retreat designed for Edward Kaufman a department store owner from Pittsburg PA.
Fallingwater's Story
Computer generated animation
"fly through" of Fallingwater
Essential Vocabulary
you'll need to master
Vanishing Point
Converging lines
Horizon line
Vantage Points

During the Renaissance, European artists began to study nature more closely
and began to paint and draw with greater realism. They learned to create life
like people and animals.

But what was needed was the ability to become skilled at
creating the illusion of depth and distance on flat walls and canvases.
Thus techniques of linear perspective were born.
Full transcript