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The Russian Revolution

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Christopher Beckvold

on 24 March 2016

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Transcript of The Russian Revolution

Battle of Yorktown
Causes of 1905 Revolution
1905: Bloody Sunday
Effects of 1905
WWI
February Revolution
Effects of February Revolution
Vladimir Lenin
Effects of October Revolution
Leon Trotsky
Effects of Social Organization
Civil war 1917-1922
Reds vs Whites
Red Army beat White Army in 1922 after four years of Russian civil war
Joseph V. Stalin gained notice
Soviet Union lasted from 1922-1991
Joseph Stalin
Population growth (last half of 19th century)
System of serfdom
Russia's lower classes wanted emancipation
Working & living conditions were terrible
Russia experienced rapid industrialization
Russo-Japanese War (1904)
January 22, 1905
Approximately, 200,000 workers and family members involved
Winter Palace, St. Petersburg
Petition for better working conditions, individual freedom, and universal suffrage
Nicholas II was not present
Police opened fire
At least 100 killed and 3,000 injured
Leaders arrested
Worked with Lenin
Was exiled from Russia for his ideas
Escaped exile in 1902
Commanded the Russian Red Army
Stalin exiled him in 1929
Assassinated on August 20, 1940 in Mexico
Revolutionary leader of Bolshevik party
During the Russian Civil War, struggled to organize country
Used technology, namely the newspaper, to spread ideas
Died January 21, 1924
Involved in the Georgia revolution
Exiled to Siberia
Successor of Vladimir Lenin
Actions shaped the early Soviet Union
Became dictator of the Soviet Union
Had Leon Trotsky assassinated
Died on March 5, 1953
Fast growing rural population did not have enough agricultural land
Oppression of educated ethnic minorities
Obsolete political system with very narrow social base (authoritarian)
Hardships of WWI
Millions of weapons available in the hands of the oppressed peasants and workers who were forced to enlist into the army (conscription)
Negligence and poor judgement of absolute ruler, Tsar Nicholas II
Food shortage (mostly grain)
October 23-26, 1917
Social unrest
Government was not accepted by the people
Marched on the Winter Palace
Replaced provisional government
Others tried to reverse the Revolution
1917: October Revolution
The
ussian
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<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/55/Assaut-Kin-Tch%C3%A9ou.jpg>. 11 Jan. 2013
Laid groundwork for Revolution in 1917
Uprisings across country
Creation of the Duma
Tsarist Russian parliament
October Manifesto
Demanded civil rights and liberties
Truth:
Duma quickly deprived of power
Civil rights much less substantial than promised
How did Vladimir Lenin's ideas impact Russia?
Age of Revolutions-Russia
Individuals who shaped the Russian Revolution (continued)
Individuals who shaped the Russian Revolution
Individuals who shaped the Russian Revolution
How the Russian Revolution affected Russia
How does the Russian Revolution define the Age of Revolutions?
Overall Causes
Four Main Groups:
Liberals
-wanted democratic checks on tsar's power
Nationalists
-wanted greater independence from Moscow
Peasant Socialists
-wanted revolution among peasants
Marxists (later into Bolsheviks & Mensheviks)
-wanted revolution among workers
Abdication of Tsar Nicholas II
Brother, Grand Duke Michael refused crown
Establishment of the Provisional Government
February 25, 1917
Petrograd (St. Petersburg)
Strikes/riots over food and coal shortages
Troops sent to stop the uprising, but joined instead
How did the war shape the Russian Revolution?
Mobilization- July 29, 1914
Involved in WWI against Germany on August 1, 1914
Germany had easy victories
Nicholas took command of the army
Russian army was no longer match for enemy
Shortages of food & fuel
Soldiers rebelled against leaders
Military unable to produce victories and maintain control
Vladimir Lenin
Individuals who shaped the Russian Revolution
Technology:
Fully entered industrial age, resulting in technological advancements (Arms Race and Space Race later)
Education:

Major change, illiteracy (unable to read or write) almost eliminated
Social Organization:

Equal rights to all nationalities
Government:

Autocratic->Socialist/Communist,
Started spread of communist around world
Economy:

Economy improved after WWI, which resulted in Russia emerging as world power
evolution
Road to Change in Russia
Poverty: People of a country are very poor, while work/money is still being demanded of them
People of Russia had limited food and money, yet taxes were still demanded.
Unfair Treatment: People were unfairly treated by those in power.
No help from the leaders of the country.
Deprived of Rights: People unhappy with the rights they currently have.
Russians petitioned for freedom of press and speech.
These factors are the overarching elements/causes of the Russian Revolution.
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Economy failed to cope with the impact of the war. Russia in debt.
<http://socialistorganizer.org/wp-content/uploads/FebRevolution.jpg>. 12 Jan. 2014
Arrived on sealed train
Bolsheviks led by Lenin
Advocated end of involvement in WWI
"All power to the Soviets!"
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<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8e/Family_Nicholas_II_of_Russia_ca._1914.jpg>. 12 Jan. 2014
<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/46/Russian_Revolution_of_1917.jpg>. 12 Jan. 2014
<http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/1834587?terms=russian+civil+war>. 12 Jan. 2014
<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/43/Lenin_CL.jpg>. 12 Jan. 2014
<<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/43/Lenin_CL.jpg>. 12 Jan. 2014>. 12 Jan. 2014
<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/18/Trotsky_Portrait.jpg>. 12 Jan. 2014
<http://www.davidstuff.com/historical/stalin.jpg>. 12 Jan. 2014
Lenin wanted to get rid of the Provisional Government
Predictions for socialist government
Helped develop Marxism-Leninism
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Show 5:00-6:30
Essential Question
How did the Revolution affect Russia and, more broadly, Europe and Asia?
Students will be able to:

Explain the immediate and long-term causes of the Russian Revolution. (MACF WHII.18)

Describe the major figures involved in the Russian Revolution. (MACF WHII.18)

Analyze the significance of Tsar Nicholas II's abdication. (MACF WHII.18)
Schedule


1.) Review Essential Question & Objectives

2.) Russian Revolution Pre-Assessment

3.) Russian Revolution Lecture (Slides 1-31)

4.) Nicholas II's Abdication Document Analysis (Ticket-to-Leave)
Full transcript