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Gender roles in agriculture

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Emily Stephens

on 31 October 2014

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Transcript of Gender roles in agriculture

Agriculture and Gender Roles
Agriculture is the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool and other product
Gender Roles are the pattern of masculine or feminine behavior of an individual that is defined by a particular culture and that is largely determined by a child's upbringing
Agricultural Societies
How has it affected the modern world?
Agricultural societies were one of the first societies to employ slaves to do the tough jobs such as planting and harvesting
Agriculture allowed a ruling class to develop
Agricultural societies developed several new ways of living as people were no longer relying on an unsteady supply of food
Modern society is the result of thousands of years of agriculture
Gender Roles in Agriculture
Greater degrees of gender inequality appeared in agricultural societies when food supplies improved and women took on the lesser role of looking after their families
Originally women had higher social status as they shared labor equally with men
Gender Inequality
Ester Boserup who wrote the book
Women's Role in Economic Development
states that gender inequality has its origin from the Agriculture Society
Boserup shows how men have an advantage in farming than women as women could not handle the labor that comes hand in hand with farming
Men in Agriculture
Leaders in the community
Responsible for all farming
Work hard and are well respected for their efforts
Receive status and power by the size and respect of their farm
Origin of Agriculture
Agricultural society, also known as an Agrarian society, is any society based around the production and maintenance of crops and farmland
In Agricultural societies the main source of wealth is from farming
Agricultural societies have occurred in various parts of the world as far back as 10,000 years ago and continues to exist in the world today
Gender roles in agriculture

Agricultural Societies
Agricultural societies use technological advances to cultivate crops
Technological advances led to increase in food supplies which resulted in a larger population than in earlier communities
Well to do agricultural towns became centers of trade which supported various aspects of the community
Gender roles in agriculture are frequently studied by sociologists and historians as it is important to understand the social structure of agrarian
This video highlights how closing the gap between men and women would create several positive changes
Women in Agriculture
Agriculture affecting Families
People were able to work outside of the farm as agricultural advancements lead to more food and the freedom for new jobs
According to the Census of Agriculture, "the number of U.S. farms fell sharply until the early 1970s after peaking at 6.8 million in 1935... by 2002 about 2.1 million farms remained
Statistics Canada said there situation is similar
Statistic show that less than a third of farms have designated a successor in the family
A century ago, the typical North American family lived on a farm in a multi-generation household
Today the norm is a nuclear family household that lives in an urban environment, we have become a world where job related migration is now occurring across the world and it is even more difficult to maintain community ties
Gender Roles in
Agriculture Resolutions
A map of the ancient Agricultural Societies
Are in charge of household chores
Look after their children
Must be in charge of feeding their family
Get to help out slightly with farming although their place in the fields has been diminishing due to technology
Female farmers play an important role in agricultural productivity however women in agriculture face more challenges than men can barely dream of
Before technology changed the way farming worked, women were equal to men in terms of agriculture work
Women now have not been given a voice to say what they believe needs to be done to help the agricultural world as they are perceived as being weak by men (they cannot easily perform the same jobs that men can)
A look to the future
Work Cited
Women in agriculture face barriers in land ownership, access to technology, education, machinery, training and decision-making powers
As a result woman farmers are unable to reach their full potential, breaking these barriers would boost agricultural output and strengthen women abilities for independence
Organizations such as the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations are focused on closing the gap between gender inequality and give women the support they need to be successful in their societies
Patterns of Subsistence: Intensive Agriculture. Intensive Agriculture. June 22, 2006. http://anthro.palomar.edu/subsistence/sub_5.htm
Modern Gender Roles and Ancient Farming. Women and the Plough. July 2, 2011. http://www.voxeu.org/article/modern-gender-roles-and-ancient-farming
Understanding Gender's Role in Agriculture. Workshop Reveals Need for More Research. July 27, 2011. http://www.icrw.org/media/blog/understanding-genders-role-agriculture
Men and Women in Agriculture. Closing the Gap. 2014. http://www.fao.org/sofa/gender/key-facts/en/
Full transcript