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Printmaking Art I

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Raymond Hutchinson

on 8 April 2016

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Transcript of Printmaking Art I

Printmaking Art I
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
is an image made by covering a block or
with ink and then pressing it onto a flat surface like paper.
Most prints can be reproduced by
the printing block or plate.
There are
main types of printmaking. The process and materials of these techniques influence the appearance of the final
The Four Types of Printmaking
1. Relief Printing
2. Intaglio (engraving)
3. Planographic (lithography)
4. Stencil (Serigraphy)
Relief Printing
Planaographic process
This is printing from a
surface. A simple example of relief printing is a rubber stamp.
Relief Printing Plates
are made from flat sheets of material such as wood, linoleum, cardboard, Styrofoam, etc.

a picture on the surface, the artist uses tools to cut away the areas that will
Woodcut- an image is carved into the surface of a block of
The printing parts remain level with the surface, while the non-printing parts are
typically with a chisel.
Linocut- similar to woodcut, the difference being that the image is engraved on
instead of wood. Since linoleum offers an easier surface for working, linocuts offer more
and a greater variety of effects than woodcuts.
The distinguishing feature is the fact that the design is printed from the
areas of the plate.
Prints are made by cutting into the surface of the printing plate. Lines are gouged into the surface of a smooth polished sheet of metal or in some cases a piece of Plexiglas.
Ink is pushed into the lines of the design and the surface is wiped clean so that the only areas with ink are the lines.
A sheet of paper, which has been soaked in water, is then placed on the plate which is run through a printing press.
Etching- A metal plate is coated with a waxy material called a ground. The artist then draws his design on the wax ground with a sharp needle. The needle cuts through the ground to the metal below. The plate is then placed in an acid bath. The exposed areas will be etched, or eaten away.
Planographic printing means printing from a
surface instead of a raised surface (relief) or incised surface (intaglio).
Lithography is the art of printing from a flat stone or metal plate. Although a flat piece of limestone was traditionally used, today a sheet of aluminum is the industry standard.
The method is based on the simple fact that oil and water don't mix. In Lithography an image is drawn on the surface with a grease crayon. Water and printing ink are then applied. The greasy parts absorb the ink and the wet parts do not. The image can be printed directly from the stone plate.
- a sheet of paper, fabric, plastic, or metal with designs cut or punched from it.
Ink is forced through the
onto the surface to be printed.
Screen printing (serigraphy) is a stencil method of printmaking in which a design is imposed on a screen of silk or other fine mesh. The blank areas are coated with an impermeable substance, and ink is forced through the mesh onto the printing surface with a squeegee.

(Seri means silk)
Problem Art I
Henri Matisse 1869-1954
Albrecht Dürer 1471-1528
Pablo Picasso 1881-1973
M.C. Escher 1898-1972
Rembrandt van Rijn
1606-1669 Netherlands
Andy Warhol 1928-1987 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Featured Artists
Dürer was a German painter and
He had
brothers & sisters!!!
WALKED across the
to Italy to study other with Renaissance Artists.
When Picasso was
his father realized the kid was so talented he put down his own brushes and vowed never to paint again!
Escher was the youngest son of
Best known for his
structures and his transforming prints.
his high school exams, Escher enrolled in a school for Architecture and Decorative Arts.
It only took a week for Escher to tell his dad that he prefers to study
art instead of architecture.
During his lifetime, he made
lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings.
All of his early prints were made on
Picasso is most famous for co-inventing
but he also mastered a number of printmaking techniques.
No painter has ever been as famous during his own
Gain a better understanding of printmaking techniques and processes.
Gain an introductory level knowledge base of historical graphic artists (
Create a relief print.
"Fox" 2/5 Amanda Krawiec
3/5 "Beauty in a Rose" Natalie Green
5/5 "Hands" Macy Bell
6/6 "Creepy Red Riding Hood" Veronica Allen
5/5 "Flowers" Maris Martin
"Finding My Inner Woman" 3/5 River Howard
5/5 "Because I Love You" Shaylene Perez
3/6 "Dance" Megan Depalmo
"Lighthouse" 3/5 Haley Elder
"Snoopy" 3/5 Taylor Faccino
1/5 "Nightmare" Patrick Long
1/5 "Roses" Victoria Riley
3/5 "Macaw" Jada Johnson
2/6 "Night Flight" Leah Griffin
2/5 "Sun and Moon" Sara Carleton
3/5 "Flora" Ashley Cline
3/5 "Black & White" Taylor France
Process of using one block to print multiple color on one print. This usually involves cutting away a small portion of the block and then printing the block several times. After washing the block, more is cut away and the next color is printed on top. This allows the previous color to show through.
Reduction Print
He was called the Leonardo of the
were ambitious and revolutionary.
He was the first to use printmaking as a major
for art.
Civil engineers designs things like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings.
Rembrandt is considered by many to be one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European history.
Best known for his portraits, self portraits (100), illustrations from the Bible.
Started and ended life very poor.
Matisse was already trained as a lawyer when he developed appendicitis. His mother gave him an art set to keep him occupied while he recovered. The rest is history!!
Warhol best known for his “Pop” (or Popular) Art pictures of soup cans and Marilyn Monroe.
Warhol famously said, “In the future, everyone will be famous for 15 minutes.”

With printing, he brought art to the masses.
He also said, “The best art is art that makes money!”
Although primarily a painter, he was also draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor.
His use of bright colors and distorted shapes led to him and his followers being called “fauvists”or “wild beasts!!”
Civil engineers designs things like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings.

He became a master portrait painter by the age of 25.
He was often bribed by patrons to finish their portrait first and he became very, very rich.
After his wife died, his paintings became dark and sad. He lost favor and died penniless
Create a relief print.
Prints will be 4x6 (landscape or portrait)
Prints will be single a color, or color blend, and in a series of five.
The second best print will be collected, graded, and never returned.
Problem Art II
Create a reduction print.
Prints will be 4x6 (landscape or portrait)
Prints will be two colors and in a series of five. Color blends are acceptable.
The second best print will be collected, graded, and never returned. Muwhahahahahaha!!!!!
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