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Transcript of Flower Arrangement
The art of using different flowers and other botanical materials which would depend on one’s performance. It is a decorative arrangement of flowers. Images of flower arrangements BSN 1 C
Caryl Gay Cenabre
Nicole Corazon M. Ceniza
Jon Ivan Lenarc Dabon
Thea Lorraine Danao
Thea Lucia Danao
Kenneth De La Torre
Fatima Ete Historical Background The history of flower arranging dates back to ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Ancient Egypt Flower Arrangement in The earliest known flower arranging dates back to ancient Egypt. Egyptians were decorating with flowers as early as 2,500 BCE. They regularly placed cut flowers in vases. Highly stylized arrangements were used during burials, for processions, and simply as table decorations. Illustrations of arranged flowers have been found on Egyptian carved stone reliefs and painted wall decorations. Ancient Greece and Rome In ancient Greece and Rome, people gave flowers to reward a victory. Instead of putting flowers in a vase, the Greeks and Romans made them into wreaths. These flower wreaths symbolized power, achievement, victory, honor, allegiance, and dedication. Flowers were selected according to symbolic meaning, with emphasis on religious significance. The ancient civilizations used leaves, laurel, ivy, basil and oak leaves for their arrangements. Ikebana The Japanese art of floral arrangement with special regard show to balance, harmony, and form. Fillers Any rapidly growing plant used to occupy space in a permanent setting. Fillers are clusters of individual flowers on a single stem or flower head. They are often called transitional flowers because they are used to fill in the spaces between focal flowers. Foliage Clusters of plants and leaves that have brilliant colors and shapes. Kensan Pinholders for Ikebana style flower arrangement Pin Holders Pins that hold flowers, leaves, and branches in place in a flower arrangement Wilting When a flower becomes limp and loses water. Wilting may be a result of exposure to extreme heat, loss of water, and unmaintenance. Floral Foam A foam used in flower arrangement. The purpose of the foam is to absorb water, preserve the life of flowers, and keep them in place. Secateurs A type of scissors used to cut hard branches of trees and shrubs. Flower Holder Holds the flowers in place, and provides security. Vases, bowls, jars, and various containers can act as flower holders provided they are stable and solid. Principles of Flower Arrangement the open area in and around the design. Space can also refer to the spaces within individual plant materials selected for use in the design. SPACE The stage of equilibrium and symmetry. BALANCE It means the unfinished floral arrangement does not fall over or looks like it will fall over. You should observe the arrangement's balance from top to bottom, side to side, and front to back Types of Balance: Physical Balance: The vase must be large enough to support the flower arrangement Visual Balance:
-Symmetrical balance: achieved when one side of the flower arrangement is identical to the other side. Asymmetrical balance: The weight of the flower arrangement differs from the other side. Scale The relationship between each element and design. Scale is the size relationship between flower and flower or between flower and container. When variation of size is too small, or too great, component are out of scale. Small flowers will appear smaller when scattered among larger flowers. Better scale balance may be obtained when smaller flowers are grouped, thus giving them more individuality. Placing small and large elements together accentuates the contrast between the elements. Proportion The relationship between each element and design Rhythm When looking at a floral arrangement, your eyes should first be drawn to a specific focal point. They should then take in the rest of the arrangement in a certain order. The order in which design elements are observed is referred to as rhythm. Rhythm can be obtained through repetition of shapes, hues, and line directions. It may also be achieved by size, weight, texture, and color. Repitition: colors, forms, textures, and space attracts the individual and take their eyes on a tour of the design. Radiating Hues: Line that flows unintendedly from a central point giving a feeling of movement. Transition: The graduation of size, form, and color leads the eye into and out of the arrangement Contrast It is important to vary sizes, shapes and colors in an arrangement to make more interesting to look at. Too much contrast is distracting and will detract from the piece. How to Find Contrasting Colors Contrast: is created when the arrangement uses elements that are different enough from the surroundings that it won't blend in completely—it needs to stand out to be noticed. Provides a sense of order and often linked to proportion. Dominance Without dominance, there is a lack of unity and harmony. Tips Prolonging the Life Span of Flowers -The best way to carry out flowers from the garden is the head down position. This way, heavy headed flowers will not come off.
-Lay down flowers flat and wrap with newspaper.
-Always arrange flowers in a clean vase and make sure the water in the vase is clean too.
-Keep away from direct sunlight and keep flowers in a cool place.
-Remove leaves from stems and from the water. (The leaves promote the bacterial growth in water to a great extent)
-Cut stems of flowers one or two inches ever 2-3 days -Aspirin can also be an excellent source to make the flowers fresh and last longer. Aspirin can increase the acidity in water and help water move up the stem. -Adding one teaspoon of sugar in the vase can help with photosynthesis. Guidelines in Flower Arrangement Foliage is generally used to create the outline. The outline is reinforced by other plant materials. All stems should appear to radiate from one small area in the center of the form Only insert the minimum length of the stem to keep it in position. For good visual balance, holder foams should be lower in desig but not too low so that the flowers look like they will fall. A round flower floral foam is essential in each and every design to hold together all the elements. Importantance of Flower Arrangement in the Hospital Setting A beautiful flower setting on a table can create a soothing atmosphere for your patient. Reminds the patient that they are loved by family and friends. Patient will feel more alive Flowers bring the feeling of sympathy and compassion Adds color to the environment Materials Needed For Flower Arranging Knife Wire Cutters Floral Foam Floral Wire Vase AND MOST IMPORTANTLY... flowers Most Commonly Used Flowers Carnations : pride and beauty Alstroemeria: friendship Anemone: anticipation Chrysanthemum: fidelity Daffodil: chivalry Rose: love Tulips: declaration of love Ranunculus: radiant Sunflower: pure thoughts Types of Flower Arrangements Classic Design Contemporary Design Traditional Design Classic Design -Based on geometric form
-The plant materials are usually scattered throughout the design
-Ever stem appears to radiate from a central point
-Plant materials are grouped together rather than scattered.
-Layering is a feature
-There are many areas of strong interest
-Accessories such as fabric or glass are added Contemporary Design A symmetrical group of mixed flowers Traditional Design Basic Shapes and Forms Crescent
Triangular Vertical Circular Torch Horizontal