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Chapter 29 Outline
Transcript of Chapter 29 Outline
"Mind Mapping" Method
Chapter 29 Outline
By: Lexie Lill
copy and paste as needed and take advantage of an infinite canvas!
Write the primary idea of the mind map in the center. Use different color notes to differentiate between topics. Use lines and arrows to create branches that connect ideas to each other.
The 1920s were shaped by World War 1 and by movements well underway before the war.
Three major patterns emerged:
Western Europe recovered from the war incompletely.
The United States and japan rose as giants in industrial production.
Revolutions of lasting consequence shoot Mexico, Russia, and China
Each of these three major developments brought doubt to western Europe about its place as the dominant world power.
Disarray of Western Europe
In western Europe in the 1920s, new and troubling political, social, and economic patterns rose:
Fascism gained power in Germany and Italy.
Over 10 million died in the Great War and millions more were wounded.
The governments of Germany and Austria-Hungary collapsed
Western Europe's dominance of world markets lost ground and fell behind the U.S. and Japan.
The Roaring Twenties
A brief period of stability emerged in the middle of the 1920s. Germany's new democratic government promised friendship with its former enemies. The Kellogg-Briand Pact, outlawing war, was signed by a number of nations. By the other half of the decade, general economic prosperity and the introduction of consumer items like the radio came about. Also, a burst of cultural creativity appeared in art, films, and literature.
Fascism in Italy
In 1919, Benito Mussolini formed the Fascist Party, which advocated a corporate state to replace both capitalism and socialism and an aggressive foreign policy under a strong leader. Once in power, Mussolini eliminated his opponents, issued a stream of nationalist propaganda, and began a strict program of government-directed economic programs.
The Rise of the American Colossus
The United States rose to international economic height, even while it attempted to shrink from the world political stage in the 1920s, after its Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles. The U.S. economy boosted greatly between World War 1 and the Great Depression and established itself as a creator in products, technology, and corporate practices. The U.S. also exported its culture around the world through music and movies.
Japan and Its Empire
After World War 1, Japan became Asia's leading industrial power. The Industrial combines, called the zaibatsu, quickly expanded in areas like shipbuilding. Japan saw its political establishments challenged by war and depression. In response to this, Japan developed an aggressive foreign policy pushed by a government controlled by the military. Advancements in education and rapid growth in population were two other features in this era.
In Latin America, the first challenges occurred in Mexico. Calls for political and land reform, education, and nationalism led to the Mexican Revolution. Emiliano Zapata, Pancho Villa, and Victoriano Huerta battled for control of the country, eventually yielding to Alvaro Obregon. The constitution of 1917 made promises of land reforms and public education.