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Understanding Word Relationships: Antonyms & Synonyms

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Michelle Metcalfe

on 7 January 2015

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Transcript of Understanding Word Relationships: Antonyms & Synonyms

Antonyms & Synonyms
An antonym is a word that holds the opposite meaning of another word.
What is an antonym?

What is an antonym for?
*Big
*Hot
*Start
Ummm?
A synonym is a word that holds a 'similar' or 'like meaning' to another word of the same language.
What is a Synonym?
*Dishonest
*Pond
*Forest
What is a synonym for?
1. To expand your vocabulary.

2. To make your conversations engaging.

3. To avoid repetition of the same word = BORING!

4. To make your writing interesting for your reader or audience.

5. It's fun to use different words.
Why use synonyms and antonyms?
miserable, blue, hurt, low, flat despairing, distressed, dismal, heartbroken.
happy, excited, joyful, cheerful, captivated, overjoyed, chirpy, flying high.
He is a student.
He is an avid learner.
He is an undergraduate.
He is a pre-service teacher.
He is a student
He is uneducated.
He is illiterate.
He is empty headed.
He is unschooled.
He is untaught.
He lacks knowledge
.

Today I went to class, it was good. I got a HD which is good. I felt good about myself.

Today I went to class, it was interesting. I got a HD which is fantastic. I felt proud of myself.
The icy cold water quenched my thirst as it cooled my dry throat.
I had a drink of water because I was thirsty.
Students will use the correct language of synonyms and antonyms thereby formalizing their learning. Incorporate and scaffold their learning.

Reading & Writing / speaking & Listening

* Students look closely at how an author uses language; the words they use for description and purpose.
* Students look at their own knowledge of language structure through a focus on sentence structure.
* Retelling a story using their own words.
* Comprehension of their understanding.
* Use of a 'Dictionary of synonyms and Antonyms' or a Thesaurus for synonyms.
In the Classroom
My teacher wants me to use synonyms to make my writing more interesting. I can't remember if it is a similar word or an opposite word! How can I remember this?
'Synonym' & 'similar' both start with the letter 's'.
... that means an opposite word is an antonym!
Synonym Example
Antonym Example
(Similar)
(Opposite meaning)
Synonym Example
Antonym Example
Synonym for 'good'.
Synonyms to make your writing interesting.
Antonym for 'good'.
Today I went to class, it was terrible. I failed which is horrible. I felt disappointed with myself.
What is a Thesaurus? Where can I find one?
http://www.google.com.au/search?q=thesaurus&rls=com.microsoft:en-au&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&startIndex=&startPage=1&redir_esc=&ei=wUZVUNaINeiXiQfAq4DgCw
Thesaurus Search
http://www.google.com.au/search?q=kids+thesaurus&rls=com.microsoft:en-au&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&startIndex=&startPage=1&redir_esc=&ei=qkpVUIvMGM2XiQfkxYDQBw
When choosing synonyms, be mindful of the word's 'meaning'. As we choose words that are similar, sometimes their meaning may not be appropriate.
Memory game - Synonyms and Antonyms
Re-telling stories through writing.
Make their own crosswords.
Antonym & Synonym Wall.
Identify overused words - use their own writing or examples.
Model a wide variety of vocabulary.
Hand out words, get students to work in pairs to find synonyms and antonyms.
Re-name books and movies.
ICT activities using a school approved online Thesaurus.
For the Classroom
Misconception
When thinking of an opposite word think of a spectrum with the word at one end and the word that holds the opposite meaning at the other end. These words need to be defined as opposite not complementary.
http://www.quia.com/cc/44806.html
Misconception
*Sad
*Sad
He is a student.
He is a student.

Today I went to class, it was good. I got a HD which is good. I felt good about myself.
Understanding Word
Relationships:
Full transcript