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Chapter 5 Theology Project
Transcript of Chapter 5 Theology Project
Our Obligation to God Chapter 5 Preview Video Websites The Second Commandment Examples Against Second Command The Third Commandment Examples of how the first three comandments are upheld and broken Catholic.com
FishEaters.com First Commandment
Follow: 1) Obama invokes Chritian Scripture and God during interfaith servvice.
2) Indonesian Christians protest Chuurch demolition
Break: 1) Superstitious? Here Comes Whole Year Ending in 13
2) Is Patriotism Christian or Idolatrous State Worship?
Follow : 1) Michael Jordan and Yvette Prieto marry
Break: 1) Catholic League on Bill Maher's 'Anti-Catholic' Jokes: Time Warner Must Have a Serious Talk With Him
2) Dawkin's Call to Harass Catholics
Follow: 1) Catholic Churches that reopened are making progress, despite challenges
2) Chick-fil-A thrust back into spotlight on gay rights
Break: 1) Only 37% of Pinoy Catholics attend mass
2) Christians have no right to refuse work on Sundays, rules judge You Shall not take the Name of the Lord your God in vain The Grandeur of God’s Name
• God revealed his name ‘I AM WHO AM’ in the Old Testament
• Addressing someone by name is an important aspect of recognizing their dignity
o The Israelites refused to speak this name, instead referring to God as Lord, YHWH (Yahweh), or JHVH (Jehovah) Oaths
• Definition: The invocation of the Divine Name as a witness to the truth.
• Two Types of Oaths
o Assertory: taken when God is called upon as a witness to the truth of what is being said
o Promissory: calls upon God as a witness tow hat a person intends to do in the future
• Oaths in Scripture
o Frequently mentioned and spoken throughout Scripture, in both Old and New Testament
o God forbade the Israelites to use his name in vain
• Lawful Use of Oaths
o An oath is a solemn act
o Cannot be taken except in truth, judgment, and justice
Truth: an oath may not be taken to support a lie
Judgment: God should never be called upon for superficial reasons
Justice: an oath can be taken only for something morally good Vows
• Promises made to God to live the evangelical counsels of poverty, chastity, and obedience
• The validity of a vow depends on the completion of the conditions that define it Sins Against the Second Commandment
• Blasphemy: The act of speaking contemptuously of God or his perfections
o Could also be contempt directed toward the saints or the Virgin Mary
• Ridicule of the Faith: irreverent dispositions that come in the form of sarcastic remarks or ridiculous caricatures with respect to Christian customs or moral behavior. Why is it Necessary to Pray
• Through prayer, an individual encounters God and enters into communion with each Person of the Blessed Trinity.
o As a consequence, God’s grace is received
o We are called as individuals and as a faith community to pray constantly
• The Lord’s Prayer
o Jesus instructed us how to pray using this prayer
o Sometimes referred as the “most perfect of prayers”
o Spoken in plural The First Commandment Remember to keep Holy the Lord’s day Example Supporting The Second Commandment The Lord’s Day in the New Testament
• Many early Christians practiced the Jewish form of worship in the temple then returned their houses for the Liturgy of the Eucharist
• On Sunday, “the first day of the week,” they celebrated the Eucharist after the customary hour of prayer
• Known as “The Lord’s Day” The History of the Christian Sunday
• The Eucharist was celebrated on Sundays from the beginning of the Church
• This took place in private homes
• Starting in 314 AD, Emperor Constantine outlawed servile work on Sundays
o Soon, other public activities, such as judicial action, were forbidden
• Other Solemnities began to be introduced The Obligation to Attend Holy Mass
• The third commandment requires to keep Sabbath Holy
• The Eucharistic sacrifice is the sacramental re-presentation of Jesus’ redemptive sacrifice on the cross.
• Sunday is the day on which the Church celebrates the Lord’s work of Redemption known as the Paschal Mystery
o Therefore, participating in liturgical celebration is the center and high point of a Christian’s life
• Holy Days must also be kept
• There are ten recognized Holy Days of Obligation: Christmas, the Epiphany, The Body and Blood of Christ, the Ascension, Mary Mother of God, the Immaculate Conception, the Assumption, St. Joseph, Sts. Peter and Paul, and all Saints Day.
• Only six of these solemnities are recognized as Holy Days within the United States Fulfillment of the Precept of Attending Mass
• The precept to attend mass is a grave obligation.
• Any reason for not attending Mass that is not “serious” can never be justified (caring for infants or illness are two serious reasons.
• Mass may be attended the day before (known as a “vigil mass”)
• The origin of this is found in the Jewish custom of beginning the commemoration of the Sabbath after sundown on the eve of the Sabbath. The Obligation to Rest
• From the beginning of our salvation history, it is clear that the Lord’s Day also includes rest from normal occupations
o Two reasons
Rest facilitates the worship of God by eliminating the expenditure of energy and distractions
It is also a requirement of the human condition because it replaced lost energies and makes time for other activities along with the enrichment of the human spirit and the deepening of fraternity and friendship
• Work that is required for the welfare and safety of the individual and for the common good is permissible on Sunday I am the Lord, Your God; You Shall Not Have Strange Gods Before Me Worship
• The First Commandment obliges everyone to acknowledge the existence of God and give him worship.
• This becomes especially clear through the life and words of Jesus Christ
• Sanctifying grace enables the believer to know, trust, and love God beyond his natural powers
• The Theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity are gratuitously given to us at the moment of Baptism. Faith
• Faith: gratuitous gift that accompanies sanctifying grace.
• Sins Against Faith
• Voluntary Doubt: Sin which intentionally calls into questions at least some aspect of Divine Revelation out of unwillingness to accept a point of doctrine or moral teaching.
• Schism: sin which is a refusal to submit oneself to the authority of the pope or to the bishops in communion with him, though no formal rejection of a truth of Faith occurs.
• Heresy: sin committed through he obstinate denial or obstinate doubt by a baptized person of one or more tenets of the Catholic Faith.
• Apostasy: sin worse which implicitly or explicitly consists in a total repudiation of the Christian Faith.
• Atheism: sin in which one of the deadliest sins against faith as it denies the very existence of God along with any personal relationship with him. Hope
• Hope: virtue which instills the capacity to trust in God’s mercy.
• Sins Against Hope
• Despair: the loss of trust in God’s mercy and love.
• Presumption: occurs when an individual counts on God’s mercy without any attempt to avoid sin and remain faithful to a Christian life, or when a person believes he or she can be saved by personal effort alone. Charity
• Charity: theological virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake, and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God.
• Sins Against Charity
• Indifference: lack of commitment in the exercise of the Catholic Faith
• Ingratitude: failure to recognize and acknowledge God’s love exhibited in his generous blessings
• Spiritual sloth: sadness or dejection of the will regarding the spiritual goods received from God.
• Lukewarmness: lackluster, lazy, or perfunctory fulfillment of the Catholic Faith.
• Hatred of God: occurs on account of distaste of God's laws, resentment over the consequences of personal sin, or because of some severe or tragic suffering Virtue of Religion
• Types Prayer
• Prayer of Adoration: expression of love through heartfelt fervor and verbal expression of loving praise in acknowledgement of God’s absolute dominion over all creation
• Prayer of Thanksgiving: essential because we are obliged to show gratitude to God for his generosity with us.
• Prayer of Contrition: reflecting our sorry for our sins.
• Prayer of Petition: matter of presenting our needs and desires to the Lord
• Sins Against Religion
• Idolatry: dealing or addressing a finite being as if it were divine.
• Superstition: any belief or practice that offers improper worship to God.
• Divination: the use of occult powers in an attempt to predict the future or to obtain information.
• Magic: seeking occult forces through rituals or formulas as a means to obtain either a good or evil affect.
• Irreligion: disrespect and mockery of God’s goodness and sacred dignity.
• Satanic worship: Direct worship of the devil. Commandment 1:
I am the Lord your God and there is no other
-Obliges everyone to acknowledge the existence of God and give Him worship
- Faith is a gift; helps us to be enlightened and exceed the light of natural reason
-Hope helps us to trust God and His mercy
-Charity is the virtue by which we love God above all things and our neighbor as ourselves Commandment 2
You shall not take My name in vain
- God’s name reflects His glory
- Blasphemy is a grave sin against this commandment
- Prayer is the means by which we know God: 4 types of prayer
You shall honor the Sabbath
- Honoring the Sabbath has its roots in the Old Testament
- It is an obligation for all Catholics to attend mass every Sunday of every week