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Period 2: 1607~1754

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by

예은 김

on 10 September 2014

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Transcript of Period 2: 1607~1754

Period 2: 1607~1754
APUSH
England
Economic
goals
Religious
goals
Treatment of
Native Americans
1. Mercantilism
-Get raw materials from North America and make finished goods in England.
2. Agriculture surpluses
-tobacco, cash crops
(wheat)
1st arrival: Jamestown (1606), Plymouth colony(1620)
1. Religious freedom
-1st to establish their
colony on agriculture
-Isolation from Native Americans!
-Even built a fort in Jamestown
-But this only continued till 1763.
France
Economic
goals
Religious
goals
Treatment of
Native Americans
1. Fur trade
2. Production of goods
ex)sugar, rice, cotton by large plantations
1. Make people convert their own religions to Catholicism
- Catholics
+
Jesuits
missionaries
1. Had good relationship with Native Americans
ex)Algonquin for fur trade
2. Intermarriage occurred.
=Metis
Spain
1st arrival : New Spain (1520)
Economic
Religious
Treatment of
Native Americans
goals
goals
-To obtain
valuable resources
ex) gold and silver
-Same with France
-Make people convert their own religions to Catholicism
- Catholics
+
Jesuits
missionaries
-exploited the native peoples
→ work / die
ex) sugarcane production in the Caribbean Island
ex) gold &silver mines in Mexico

-Instructor: Leah Ye eun Kim
Different goals + Different North American environments

European colonization efforts = more Contacts and Conflicts
1.
3D
2.
E=2C
3

Major Concepts
that You Should Know...
3.
AN
= Diverse patterns of colonization
"Atlantic World" + North American Colonies
Period 2: 1607~1754
APUSH
-Instructor: Leah Ye eun Kim
Different goals + Different North American environments

European colonization efforts = more Contacts and Conflicts
1.
3D
2.
E=2C
3

Major Concepts
that You Should Know...
3.
AN
= Diverse patterns of colonization
"Atlantic World" + North American Colonies
Spain's
tribute colonies

1st arrival : New France(1608)
-Pilgrims(Separatists)
: Puritans who had left
the church of England
-Puritans: who wanted
to reform the church
-establish
land-intensive
plantation society
Netherlands
-Seized Portuguese forts in Africa, Indonesia, sugar plantation in Brazil.
-After Hudson's exploration, the Dutch government created the West India Company.
-The WIC founded colony of New Netherlands(1613).
Economy
Treatment of
-Did not thrive due to too few people.
-Due to too much damages from the Indian War, the West India Company ignored them and focused on African slaves & Brazilian sugar plantation.
-Did not have good relationship with Native Americans.
(especially Algonquians)
Native Americans
Results
Slavery...
Indentured servitude
collapse of tobacco boom
needed more money
imported African slaves
Native Americans resisted too violently
Intercultural Contacts and Intensified Conflicts of the people in North America
The Caribbean Island
Rhode Island colony
Bacon's Rebellion
Puritan-Pequot War
-The English and French formed an ally to exterminate Caribbean Indians.
-The English-French ally defended Spanish attack to compete Spanish expansion.
-Colonists wanted more cash crops
ex) tobacco, indigo, cotton, cacao, and ginger.
-Instead, we support toleration.
-Toleration means government officials do not have authority over the spiritual lives.
-We are Puritans.
-We disagree to what Massachusetts colony say(that church members should hold the office).
-Dutch and Peaquots formed an ally
-The ally and the English traders considered each other annoying.
-(Massachusetts + Connecticut militiamen
+ Narragansett + Mohegan warriors) attacked Pequots village
-English traders felt confident in their enterprise.
Native Americans mostly lived on treaty-guaranteed territory.
Poor freeholders + landless former servants wanted a land to settle on.
2nd major concept that you should know : E=2C
They were rejected to have lands by Governor Berkeley.
Nathaniel Bacon created
"Manifesto and Declaration of the people."
Unsuccessful due to Bacon's death
Laborers were abused and discriminated by race.
Restoration
of the colonies
&
Imperial expansion
Mercantilism
Imperial Dominion
1. Navigation Acts
2. Dominion of New England by King James II
-To strongly control over the colonies' trades
-American goods must be imported or exported by English ports and ships.
Colony
England
European countries
-NO legislative assemblies nor self-ruling government!
-Support public worship in the Church of England
-Hate those Puritans!!
-NO land titles for you guys
Glorious revolution in England & America
England
America
-But his people did not.
-Whig party invited William of Orange to overthrow the King.
Inspired by this revolution....
American colonies
became more
autonomous.
-Massachusetts' governor was shipped back to England.
-Maryland colonists forcefully removed the Catholic governor
William III and Mary II
became
constitutional
monarchs
-The King James II wanted England to be a Catholic country.
But it seemed like it didn't work very well...
Impacts on
Native Americans & Slavery
3rd concept that you should know...
Tribalization
More interactions with the Atlantic world
More Native Americans killed by diseases
Remaining Native Americans formed a new tribe.
Alliances with various European country to protect themselves from the war.
Imperial
slave economy
Atlantic slave trade boosted mercantilism
Impacts on Britain : more wealth, Navigation Acts, profits of slave trades
The Stono Rebellion
-but failed..
Impacts on
North American colonies
1. Lenient British ministers
-They gave some authority to the representative assemblies
-The colonies got more resistant
to the British control.
-More Transatlantic shipping
2. Colonies became
more connected to each other.
3. Print Revolution
-Enlightenment
-Pietism
-Easy and fast transmission of new ideas
Proved natural phenomena by science.
(Sir Issac Newton)
People have natural rights to life, liberty, and property.
(John Locke)
-Improvement in transportation
ex) roads
Focus on individual's striving for god that comes from one's true heart.
Colombian Exchange
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