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Civic Responsibilties

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by

Elim Ramirez

on 16 September 2016

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Transcript of Civic Responsibilties

Political Parties
Democratic Party 1828
Republican Party 1854
Libertarian Party 1971
Green Party 1991

Special Interest Groups
A group of people or Organization seeking or receiving special advantages, typically through political lobbying.
Education
Unfortunately, the number of voters per election year has decreased dramatically due to the Apathy of the new generation - young adults. Many are uneducated or lack the knowledge of how elections work which leads to the cause of less and less votes because of unregistered eligible to vote citizens.
Civic Responsibilities
HOW DO POLITICAL PARTIES, THE MEDIA, AND SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS INFLUENCE THE WAY AMERICANS VOTE?
The Media
By: Elim Ramirez
One party system
Two Party system
Multiparty System
It's a type of state in which One political party has the right to form the governement.
A system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election
A party system where two major political parties dominate politics within a government
Power to the people
American voters are able to take part in these systems....in a way.
Primary Elections

This is when most Americans vote for a party based on the party's previous performance, identification, and background.
Caucus
This is where an actual American voter can register with a party that they support
Select delegates for national conventions
Voters discuss and debate candidates
It's usually loud and interactive
Voting done by raising hands or breaking into groups.
This is a statewide voting process
Also a private casting of ballots
It's quiet during the voting
The American voter can vote for a candidate, regardless of political affiliation.
General Elections
In these elections, Americans are allowed to vote for a candidate through Campaign advertising, debates, speeches. (opposing to a primary election)
Runoff Elections
These are elections in which Americans are allowed to choose a specific candidate for their background, appearance, and previous performance.
Special Elections
These elections are useful for traveling Americans who want to vote for their candidate but while in another state AND they'll still be counted
Electoral Vote
This is when American voters cast their vote for a candidate. These votes of the electors determine who will be the President of the United States of America.
Electors
The parties select their Electors and they're also the ones who cast the votes that decide who becomes President of the United States Of America.
Electoral College
During elections, the electoral college actually elect the President. Their Votes begin after the popular vote of the American people.
Winner-Takes-All
When the Americans vote and the candidate gets the popular vote in the state, the electoral college win the vote.
So, after acknowledging the basics of how an American voter is tied up in this, there are a couple of methods that parties use to attract the crowd that they want. One of the greatest method of them all is Gerry meandering which is when Parties draw the boundaries of electoral districts in a way that gives one party an unfair advantage over its rivals. Sounds gruesome to some. So how do political parties influence the way Americans vote? It makes the process of voting for the Americans more diverse and representable and harder for vote fraud since it all comes down to the Electoral Vote and not the National Popular Vote.
The Media has definitely changed over the decades from newspapers to social media such as Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, Etc. But what does influence does the media have on Americans when it comes to voting? Many would think that it's to change/convince someone to change their votes to a certain candidate but that's not always the case.
Propaganda
Media Coverage
The Media has unlocked the doors to News Releases, leaks and briefings that help prosper one's point of view of a party. Newspapers used to be the greatest method of media until the social media came about and increased the amount of creativity of how one can spread their ideas and opinions of a party or the party itself.
This is still used till today! Drawings and pictures that represent the meaning/opinion of ones perspective in politics, the economy or even in agriculture. It can even be done through qoutes.
Campaign Advertising
These just show different politicians to the electors to let them choose which candidate is right for President.
Propaganda and Campaign Advertising also affects how people may see a candidate at a personal point of view due to other people's posts, comments or advertisements. Public Opinion allows the voters to express themselves through the ballot box and publish it to the public. This leads to polls which is when people change their minds and shift their votes to the leading candidate or the most popular policy.
Public Opinion and Polls
As we can tell, the media has a great influence on how Americans vote. It gives power to the people to be able to persuade and shift the vote of other people to another party in order to gain more votes and attention to that specific candidate. Yet, the media is not used for as an opposing move but more of a reinforcement. It is used more to express as to " why you should vote for *blank*" rather than "you should vote for *blank* because I think that you should". So how does the media influence the way Americans vote? It reinforces the reason as to why one should vote for a certain candidate than the other one.
Usually, Ages 18-24 make their votes based off their parents' influence. In the United States, the oldest citizens are the ones to most likely cast their ballots because they are more educated on how the campaign elections work than the younger adults.
Age
Idiots
At this point, the American people who don't know anything about the election campaign but still choose to vote, they are capable of voting unwisely since every vote has a voice.
History
It seems as if the younger citizens of the U.S. have even forgotten of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 that allowed all citizens of the U.S (African Americans) to be eligible to vote, regardless of their "race, color or previous condition of servitude"
or about the 12th, 15th, 19th, 23rd, 24th, and the 26th amendment that gives the American people the right to vote for which ever candidate they choose.
Press Conference
What candidates say in press conference, can give Americans the confidence to vote for the right candidate. This can come in the favor for those uneducated voters but so can it be done vice-verse.
Soft Money
Soft money takes away the money of the voters by taxes and use it to make contributions from the government.
Hard Money

Hard money place limits on how much contribution voters can give by congress. Therefore, the voter is restrained to vote for a certain candidate.
Spending limits
Limits how much spending a candidates can do.The voter's spending is likely to have less affect on vote totals than the candidate's spending.
Income
Income is one of the main reasons why Americans vote for a candidate.
Wealthier vote for Republicans
Less Privileged vote for Democratic
PAC's
PAC's allow voters in the U.S. to form a group with like-minded people to elect an official. PAC's can give $5,000 to a candidate committee per election
So what influence do special interest groups have on how Americans vote?? Money seems to be the trick here so the more money a voter can spend on his candidate, the more of an advantage that candidate will have to win an election. Not everybody has money like the owner of McAlister so why should a voter on the losing side spend any money or even vote for his candidate?
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