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Traditional Music and Dance of East Africa
Transcript of Traditional Music and Dance of East Africa
Introduction to Traditional Dance and Music
Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
Indian Ocean Trade Routes
East Africa Map
musicians have held prominent roles in East African kingdoms for centuries
music and dance is used for entertainment purposes, religion, celebrate/honor life stages, to pass down histories and knowledge
wide-spread use of drums
traditional material for wind instrument include reeds, horns, metal pipes, and wood
horn/trumpet type instruments are also used
continually changing, responses to the political, social, and economic environment
instruments are often gendered
The Chopi speak Chichopi, a tonal language in the Bantu family, with many also speaking chiTonga and Portuguese as secondary languages
Xylophone made up of wooden slats of the sneezewort tree, called mhwnjhe in Chopi, and dried masala fruit shells or calabashes as resonators
The skill of playing timbila is passed within families from one generation to the next. In Chopi culture it was traditionally used as an initiation passage for boys into adulthood, and often children would play alongside their grandfathers in an orchestra.
Traditional Chopi Music
Chopi, Southern Mozambique
Features of East African Music
Masai of Tanzania and Kenya
Burundi has a unique and long-standing musical heritage
At family gatherings Imvyino songs are sung
Men sing kwishongora, whereas women sing bilito
Songs are played on the inanga, idono, the ikihusehama, and the ikimbe, a linguaphone
Drums are also very important.
Dance is an integral part of the culture
One form of Tutsi dance is performed by a group of highly trained men
The troop Les Tambouinaires du Burundi has performed in New York and Berlin
The dancers dress in leopard fur and headdresses
This form has its roots in the dances of the royal court in the time of the Tutsi kingdom
Acholi of South Sudan
Contemporary Approaches to Traditional Dance