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Transcript of Viking Architecture
Q.1 How has Viking architecture changed over time?
Viking architecture was determined by what was most efficient and what materials they are able to find at the time. There are many different styles of houses that were in and out of popularity. The size of the luxary often determines the social placing of the owner. The size of the house was determined by the structure of it and the largest house that has been made so far in Viking history. Most Vikings had to repair their houses a lot because Viking houses were not very durable. There were a lot of materials that were used to make roofs and walls on the house such as Daub, reeds, wood, straw, turf, wattle, etc. The viking houses varied because each house required a different set of skills to make, which meant that all houses were different to each other.
Q.1 How has Viking Architecture changed over time?
Different types of Viking houses:
Waidson, G 2013, Viking and Saxon Buildings, Lore & Saga, accessed 21 September 2014, <http://www.lore-and-saga.co.uk/html/viking_and_saxon_buildings.html>.
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Longhouses in Viking age 2014, Hurtswic, accessed 10 September 2014, <http://www.hurstwic.org/history/articles/daily_living/text/longhouse.htm>.
Timber architecture n.d., Boundless, accessed 10 September 2014, <https://www.boundless.com/art-history/textbooks/boundless-art-history-textbook/early-medieval-europe-18/the-vikings-121/timber-architecture-519-8326/>
Viking houses 2014, Rosala viking center, accessed 10 September 2014, <http://www.rosala-viking-centre.com/vikinghouses.htm>.
Q.2 How did the way that Vikings lived influence their architecture?
Parts of the house
Q.2 How did the way that the Vikings lived influence their architecture?
Vikings didn't have much transport because they didn't want to travel far to collect their resources for their houses and farms. Candles did exist back but were quit expensive so jot many people used them. So light was made from anything that they had whether it were wood or straw. Fur was placed on the sleeping places to make it more comfortable to sleep on, but the quality of the fur was determined by the social placing in the village.
1. How has Viking architecture changed over time?
2. How did the way that the Vikings lived influence their architecture?
For example the house on the left is larger than the one on the right so the left house has richer owners because they could afford more materials.
Sometimes the style of viking house mattered on the space that they needed. For example sometimes other houses would be added together to create more room for the houses. Most viking houses were made to blend in with the surroundings which was one of the reasons why they used turf for their roofs.
Sunken featured buildings
Also known as the Grubenhaus
The sunken featured building consists of a rectangular pit. The house is built in with two poles sticking up through the middle to support the roof. these types of buildings are mainly used for storage areas or workplaces because of the height of the building.
This is a picture of a team investigating a viking sunken featured building,
Photo taken by Mike Page
The long house was the most popular Viking house. The Viking longhouse is 5-7 meters wide and 15-75 meters long. It was usually built with a turf roof because wood was sometimes limited because of the climate of the Norse regions. The style of the roof was meant to look like a up side down long ship.
This is a picture of a long house in Canada
Framed featured building
Frame featured buildings are buildings that have structure which is what keeps the house up. unlike the sunken featured buildings this has the roof supports at the side of the building not in the middle.
This is an image of what the roof of a frame featured building would look like on the inside. This is a recreation of a viking house.
The basic architecture of viking houses was similar to the architecture of the fortresses in Denmark around 980-981 AD ca.
This is a model of the fortresses in Hobro, Denmark
Fireplaces: The fire place was in the center of the house and was used for light, cooking and for warmth.
Sleeping places: There are low benches surrounding the center for the occupants to sleep on.
Occasionally vikings would sleep up in the lofts but not often because smoke would drift up there.
Keys: The viking women would hang the house keys around their waist as a symbol of their status.
The house was used for many things such as cooking sleeping. Travelers would come in to tell tales, play board games, listen to music, and listen or tell poetry.
The Viking Home- The Longhouse 2013, Danish Net, accessed 11 September 2014, <http://www.danishnet.com/info.php/vikings/longhouse-148.html>.
Viking farms n.d., BBC, accessed 11 September 2014, <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/vikings/vikings_at_home/>.
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Viking houses and homes 2014, Legends and chronicles, accessed 11 September 2014, <http://www.legendsandchronicles.com/ancient-civilizations/the-vikings/viking-houses-and-homes/>.
The Longhouse n.d., Viking Homes, accessed 11 September 2014, <http://www.llanbister.powys.sch.uk/Vik6.htm>.
Sunken featured building n.d., Archaeoart, accessed 11 September 2014, <http://www.archaeoart.co.uk/structures/sunken_featured_building.htm>.
Q.2 How did the way the vikings lived influence their architecture?
The largest house in every village was the Chieftain hall. This was were the chief lived but also travelers would stay there in the hall. Many feasts were held there. Along the hall there were numerous beds but eight beds were in separate rooms to the hall. This was important to vikings because the vikings mainly built all of these houses for use. For example the chieftain hall was so large because basically all of the feasts were held there because it was the largest house in all of the village therefore meaning that more people were able to fit in it.
This is a viking house with a turf roof. This house has a chimney unlike many others because most houses had smoke holes instead of chimneys.