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Transcript of Particle Physics
The Particle Detector The principle of a particle detector is simple. It will never “see” a particle directly, but shows where it has travelled, what signature tracks it leaves behind and the effect it has on the detector when it is stopped as it flies out of the collision.
Detectors consist of layers of different types of material which are used to either show us the path of a particle as it travels along, or absorb it to make the particle stop.
Particle Accelerator In particle accelerators we smash beams of particles together in head-on collisions that are energetic enough to turn the clock back to just after the Big Bang. The more energetic the collisions, the more likely we are to make fundamental particles appear again. Once we've produced fundamental particles we can study their behaviour to find out why the universe is made the way it is. The diameter of a perticle accelerator E = mc 2 E=mc 2 Quarks are the building blocks of matter There are three main types: