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The Lion King and Macbeth Comparative Multimedia Essay

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Kirsten Molliconi

on 27 July 2015

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Transcript of The Lion King and Macbeth Comparative Multimedia Essay

Good vs evil in the lion king
In The Lion King, it is no secret that Scar, the ruthless villain, is envious of Mufasa and the power he possess. Mufasa lives as a reminder to Scar of what he will never be nor never achieve. This fact sparks jealousy within Scar and motivates him to kill Mufasa and attempt killing Simba.

On the other hand, Simba and Mufasa are the representations of the good found in this film and are the epitome of what Scar desires to be. Mufasa meaningfully tells Simba that “Everything you see exists together in a delicate balance. As king, you need to understand that balance, and respect all the creatures from the crawling ant to the leaping antelope.” (Allers and Minkoff) Mufasa tells Simba this to demonstrate to his son that they must always fight for the well being and prosperity of their kingdom and they live by the mindset that all creatures are equal and meaningful no matter their size, strength or position on the food chain.
Good vs Evil in macbeth
The battle of good vs evil is also present within Shakespeare's classic, Macbeth. Naturally, Macbeth, a man of great ambition to be king, will go to great lengths to secure his position. While he fights many moral dilemmas in his mind and contemplates the good and evil in his potential capabilities, he eventually becomes an immoral and malicious creature.

On the contrary, the heroic figure that Macduff portrays, ultimately challenges Macbeth and his evil notions thus resembling the dauntless and courageous qualities that solidify his position as an avenging hero. Macduff’s loyalty and devotion is recognized by Malcolm who comments on Macbeth’s evil qualities thus recognizing the difference between the two characters. Malcolm declares “Macduff, this noble passion,/Child of integrity, hath from my soul/Wiped the black scruples, reconciled my thoughts/To thy good truth and honor. Devilish Macbeth/By many of these trains hath sought to win me/Into his power, and modest wisdom plucks me/From overcredulous haste.” (4.3 116-122)
The Lion King and Macbeth
Similar to The Lion King, the tragic events that take place in Macbeth in regards to good and evil are when the evil, power hungry villain kills the reigning king, takes the position as the king, and transitions into even more of a self centered tyrant. Also similar to The Lion King, the avenging hero returns to take back his deserving spot as king by proving his brave qualities for the good of his people.
These stories, The Lion King and Macbeth, both entertain the theme of good vs evil, however, by looking more in depth, it is apparent that there is a tragic hero fighting on the evil side and an avenging hero fighting on the good side.
The Avenging vs The Tragic Hero
The avenging hero in The Lion King
The Avenging hero in macbeth
The tragic hero in the lion king
The tragic hero in macbeth
The Lion King & Macbeth
A Multimedia Essay
By: Kirsten Molliconi
The Lion King and the tragedy of Macbeth are among some of the greatest film and literary phenomenons through time. From the complex archetypes to the ultimate acts of betrayal that each story contains, these two dramas both incorporate the necessary qualities vital to successful productions.
On the surface, The Lion King and Macbeth are two seemingly different stories. One is set in the medieval Scottish era where kings dictated and commoners stood at the bottom of the food chain, while the other is set in the vast lands of Tanzania exploding with all varieties of life. However, by examining the archetypal themes found in both The Lion King and Macbeth, it is clear that these stories contain more similarities than a strategic battle for power.
The theme that connects these two timeless tales together is the line between good vs evil that is constantly toyed with. The theme of good vs evil is heavily explored in both these stories. It is used to symbolize and portray certain meanings to the audiences in order to force them to recognize the conflict that takes place between the hero and the tragic hero in both Macbeth and The Lion King.
The Theme of good vs, evil
Good and evil are themes that are so heavily explored in these stories because they play such an important role in deciding which side, good or evil, will receive power. In both The Lion King and Macbeth, it is a well known fact that these two tales incorporate the extensive, never-ending battle for power. In both these stories, it is the good, particularly Simba and Macduff, who fight against the undeserving and evil characters that are hungry for power, which happen to be Scar and Macbeth.
This scene demonstrates the exact moment in which Mufasa explains the significance and importance of being king and tells Simba that “Everything you see exists together in a delicate balance. As king, you need to understand that balance, and respect all the creatures from the crawling ant to the leaping antelope.” (Allers and Minkoff)
Simba plays the role of the avenging hero because he the displays selfless qualities that coincide with this archetype. Simba suffers through the traumatic event of his dad dying, which causes him to abandon his loved ones and join Timon and Pumbaa. Simba then receives supernatural guidance from his deceased father, Mufasa, who leads Simba in the right direction and reassures Simba in his qualities of a leader. Simba returns to Pride Rock to help his suffering tribe under the leadership of Scar and ultimately rises above to restore the circle of life.
A quote that resembles Simba's qualities as a leader and a hero is when Simba makes his return to pride rock after being inspired by his desceased father, Mufasa, through supernatural intervention. While contemplating if he should go back or not Simba makes his decision with the reasoning that "Besides, this is my kingdom. If I don't fight for it, who will?" (Allers and Minkoff)
The opposing figure to the hero is the tragic hero. In the case of the Lion King, Scar fits the role of the tragic hero because he was of noble stature since he was born into a royal family, because of his fatal flaw, jealousy of his brother, and his free choice in killing Mufasa. Scar realizes where he he was wrong to convince Simba that the hyenas were the enemy, moments before they kill him as he desperately tries to reason with him and explain, however, they spare him no mercy and execute him.
Macduff is considered the hero of the play Macbeth because of his nonstop perseverance that led him to save the kingdom from the leadership of the tyrant, Macbeth. Macduff’s heroism is apparent in the fact that Macduff prevailed to fight Macbeth for the good of the kingdom after his family was killed. Macduff serves justice to the people of Scotland by getting rid of Macbeth and by reestablishing stability and order in the kingdom by restoring Malcolm's rightful position as king.
An examlpe of Macduff's heroism is found when he announces the death of Macbeth. Macduff declares "Behold/where stands/The usurper’s cursèd head. The time is free./I see thee compassed with thy kingdom’s pearl,/That speak my salutation in their minds,/Whose voices I desire aloud with mine." (v.iii 54-58) This symbolizes a great deal of heroism because it proves his courage, perseverance and desire for justice.
Macbeth serves as the tragic hero in the Shakespearean tragedy, Macbeth. Macbeth’s fatal flaw of excessive ambition forces him to reach an immeasurable degree of insanity in order to sustain his power. He reaches a decision that he must make, which is to kill the reigning king, that will ultimately decide his fate. Once he commits the ultimate act of killing king Duncan, Macbeth loses his sense of humanity and spirals into living a life of paranoia, violence, and tyranny.
Macbeth's evil qualities shine through when he recognizes the decision he made by killing Duncan but realizes that there is no going back now. "I am in blood/Stepp'd in so far that, should I wade no more,/Returning were as tedious as go o'er." (iii.iv 142-144)
Scar displays his evil actions when he says "No, fool, we're going to kill him, and Simba too." (Allers and Minkoff) This quote symbolizes Scar as a tragic hero when he makes the ultimate decision that decides his fate. Also the fact that Scar can plot out a murder with no remorse or guilt solidifies just how envious and evil he is.
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