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Ye Olde Theatre of the Bard

A History of Shakespeare's Theatre
by

Patricia Chastain

on 10 September 2012

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Transcript of Ye Olde Theatre of the Bard

The History of Theatre 1st step Finished Elizabethan Era Actors in Shakespeare's Time Facts about the actors: History of the Globe Meaning of the Flags Black Flags represented a tragedy White Flags represented a comedy Red Flags represented histories Seating arrangements: Groundlings One Penny to Stand
Two Pennies to Sit
Three Pennies for a Cushion Totus Mundus Agit Histrionem Aka: Stinkards The Noble Class Nobles sat in "Lords Rooms" above the stage. The seats had the best sound quality, but poor sight. In fact, nobles stared at the back of actors the entire production. However, they were able to look out amongst the groundlings from their seats. Costumes were extremely lavish and expensive.
They were often donated by nobles. Not all of the costumes matched the time period in the play. Due to time constraints, actors were forced to mix and match. Color and choice of fabric conveyed social status to audience members. Nobles: velvets, furs, silks, and lace Lower class: cottons and taffeta Elizabethan law called The English Sumptuary Law of 1574 prevented social classes from dressing above their social statuses. Also included in the law: " Note also that the meaning of this order is not to prohibit a servant from wearing any cognizance of his master, or henchmen, heralds, pursuivants at arms; runners at jousts, tourneys, or such martial feats, and such as wear apparel given them by the Queen, and such as shall have license from the Queen for the same." The clause allowed acting troupes to wear clothing above the status of the actors as long as a license was granted by the Queen. Queen Elizabeth granted licenses to hand out to acting troupes of their choice. This is how Shakespeare's men became known as Lord Chamberlain's men. C
O
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S Concessions Foods found at a Shakespearean play Shellfish: crab, oysters, mussels, and cockles Apples, oranges, and strawberries Cream, curds, whey, butter, cheese, and milk Cooked meats Pies and pastries Architecture of the Globe Architecture Pillared Porches Black and White Half Timbered Style Vertical and Diagonal Timbers

Galleries

Thatched Roof Architect/ Architectural Significance Architect: James Burbage

Consultant: Dr. John Dee (Magician/Alchemist)

Globe Theatre was built to represent Roman amphitheater. Though many historians once believed the theatre to be in the shape of an octagon, remains showed otherwise. The Globe is now thought to have 20 sides. Dimensions of the Globe Circumference: 300 ft.

Open air arena: 200 ft.

Roof span: 46 ft.

Stage: 5ft. high, 45 ft. w x 30 ft. l

Capacity: 1500-3000 people Frons Scenae Heavens Lord's Rooms Gentlemen's Rooms Gentlemen's Rooms Stage Exit to Tiring House Exit to Tiring House Yard Yard Relative Location Globe Theatre Storage Huts Actor Income Salaries Varied from Actor to Actor Apprentice boy actors received 3 shillings a week which were returned to their masters for room and board.
Part actors received a shilling a day.
Main actors received the minimum of two actors a day.
Main actors were also able to get involved in becoming stake holders in the theatres which boosted personal profit. All actors were males. Female roles were played by male apprentices.
Had to have a good memory, had to over-act, and had to have a voice that projected well.
Actors were considered vagabonds.
However, some Globe actors were eventually appreciated for their talents. Rigorous Rehearsals Production Schedule 11 performances of 10 different plays in two weeks
Some lines were given as play was in progress in the form of "cues"
On some occasions, parts were casted on the day of the play
Other times, actors were only given their lines. Other lines and information on the scene was withheld. The Heaven's, also known as the Shadow, provided shelter for the actors during turbulent weather and contained a false ceiling. This along with rigs of ropes and harnesses were used to give actors flying entrances. The Heavens were also used to create special effects such as thunder from rolling canon balls. Blood. Those Bloody Special Effects Special effects used to portray injury
Blood soaked dummies
Pig bladders filled with blood of bulls and sheep
Bones, tongues, and intestines of animals also used to make scenes gruesome Hell, the five foot tall area located under the stage, was used to created interesting sound effects such as the calling of wild dogs and the crowing of a rooster from talented actors. It also contained trapdoors so the actors could appear and disappear suddenly from the stage. 1576 James Burbage procured a lease and permission to build “The Theatre” in Shoreditch, London. 1597 Dispute arose over the lease of “The Theatre” because the Puritan owner, Giles Allen opposed the theatre and acting troupe. Burbage opened negotiations to renew the lease of “The Theatre.” Negotiations failed. During Christmas, timber from the “Theatre” was taken to use for building the new theatre called The Globe. 1598 1599 The Globe Theatre opened on Bankside. 1601 Shakespeare's troupe, the Chamberlain's Men, were commissioned to stage Richard II at the Globe. 1603 The acting troupe The King's Men is formed. 1613 On June 29, the Globe Theatre burns down. The Theatre The Original Globe 1614 1642 1644 The Globe was rebuilt with a tiled roof instead of thatched. The Globe and other playhouses were closed by the Puritans. The Globe was destroyed by the Puritans and replaced with houses. The New Globe Set Design Set design during plays at The Globe consisted of very little. There weren't any backdrops, lighting, and very few props. Other than costumes, special sound and visual effects, and exaggerated gestures, audiences had to use their imaginations when seeing plays at The Globe. 600 B.C. : Greek people celebrated God Dionysus in ceremonies celebrated in threshing circles 493 BC: Theatre of Dionysus Built 486 BC: First Comedy produced by Pericles 550 BC: Thespis speaks first lines- becomes "first actor" GREEK ORIGINS OF THEATRE 535 BC: Drama is introduced as a competition in Athenian festivals What Shakespeare Drew from the Greek Theatre All male cast

Fate could not be escaped

Threshing circles were round, as was the Globe

Use of Chorus in some works Religious influence on Theatre Roman Influences The layout of the theater consisted of a backstage, orchestra, and audience areas
Roman's used a raised stage.
Perhaps its most important influence, Roman theater lowered the value of the arts in the eyes of the Church 500 AD- 1000 AD: Theatre banned by the Catholic Church. Actors were excommunicated and denied sacraments. 1170 AD: First known Mystery Play allowed by Catholic Church 1400 AD: Mystery Plays (performed by trade guilds) are performed on carts that are pulled to audiences throughout Europe 240 BC - Beginning of Greek Drama in Rome
235 BC - Beginning of Roman Drama
54 AD - First Permanent Roman theatre built
70 AD - Construction on the Colosseum began
80 AD - Colosseum Opens
533 AD - Last Record of Roman Performance Influence of Medieval "Religious Theatre" Intermixed comedic relief in tragedy Had little to no set design Introduced stock figures Theatre Now! 1595 First document mentioning Shakespeare Shake & Bake Time! Do you want some bacon?! If you do, participate in our "show" by answering some simple trivia you should have learned!
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