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Drones and Community Forestry: What You Need to Know

2016 Partners in Community Forestry Indianapolis, IN USA 11/17/2016
by

Dan Staley

on 10 January 2017

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Transcript of Drones and Community Forestry: What You Need to Know

Use the element:
Ceate a unique design:
Drones and Community Forestry:
What You Need to Know
Partners in Community Forestry
Indianapolis, IN
Nov. 17, 2016 10:30 - 11:05
Dan Staley
http://danstaley.net
All presentations on Prezi.com (search 'Dan Staley')
Business Decisions with Drones
Purchase and Train, or Hire a Pilot?
Likely Tools For T&D Data Collection and Analysis
VTOL
Hycopter
Spot inspections
Flot Systems consortium
Likely Tools For T&D Data Collection and Analysis
Spot inspections
Data company
fixed-wing platform
LiDAR
Multispectral flown with --->
Likely Tools For T&D Data Collection and Analysis
LiDAR
Multispectral flown with --->
Predictive vegetation growth modeling
Staley, D.C. (in press). Making a Choice for Drone Arboriculture. For
Ontario Arborist
(October 2016).

Staley, D.C. (in preparation). Drone Arboriculture and Urban Forestry. For
City Trees
(December 2016).

Staley, D.C. 2016. Making a Business Decision for Drones: What you need to know.
Arborist
News.
25:5 pp. 22-25.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Arboriculture: Legal requirements and private property rights.
Tree Care Industry
Magazine
27:10 pp. 48-50.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drone Arboriculture: Is it right for your operation?
Ontario Arborist.
June/July 2016 pp. 14-19.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Tree Care: Right for your operation?
Tree Care Industry Magazine
. 27:7
pp. 24-29.

Staley, D.C. 2016. How to Market to the Tree Care Industry and Landscape Industry.
sUAS News
Special Supplement.
(August 2016).

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Tree Care Operations.
Tree Services Magazine
. 12:4 pp. 18-23.

Staley, D.C. 2016. UVM and UAVs: A new way forward.
Transmission and Distribution World Magazine.
April 2016 pg. 17.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and the future of Utility Vegetation Management.
Utility Arborist Newsline
.
March-April 2016 pp. 31-32.

Staley, D.C. 2015. Drones & Tree Care: Who is using them, how, and why?
Tree Care Industry Magazine.

26:12 pp. 8-14.

Hammrich, T. and Staley, D. 2013. Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Arboriculture: Toward new heights.

Tree Care Industry Magazine.
24:11 pp. 26-31.

UAS and Arboriculture
Staley, D.C. 2013. Urban Forests and Solar Power Generation - Partners in urban heat island mitigation.
International Journal of Low Carbon Technologies
8:3 9 pp.

Staley, D.C. 2009. Increasing Green Infrastructure in Compact Develop
ments: Strategies for providing ecologically beneficial greenery in modern urban built
environments. IN: Proceedings of The Second International Conference on Countermeasures to Urban Heat Islands (SICCUHI)
, Berkeley CA, USA.

Staley, D.C. 2014. Your Next Opportunity: Solar-friendly tree care.
Tree Care Industry Magazine
25:7 pp. 22-23.

Staley, D.C. 2014. Solar Rights and Tree Rights are Compatible.
Renewable, Alternative and Distributed Energy Resources Newsletter.
2:2 pp. 13-15. American Bar
Ass'n, Washington, D.C.

DuVivier, K.K. and Staley, D.C. 2013. Managing the Dark Side of Trees.
Solar Today
27:5 pp. 27-31.

Staley D.C. 2012. Solar-Smart Arboriculture in the New Energy Economy.
Arborist News
20:3 4 pp.

Arboriculture and Urban Heat Island, Rooftop Solar Power, Urban Design
Agenda
Current Related Uses, Near-future Uses
Historical UAV Connections
Radioplane Munitions Factory, 1944
OQ-2 Radioplane, the first mass-produced U.S. UAV - Photo: PFC David Conover
Norma Jeane Dougherty
Capt. Ronald Reagan
Costs of Typical Aircraft and Systems
Current Legal and Privacy Situation
Agenda
Additional Resources at End of Presentation
Current Uses, Near-future Uses
Uses Relevant to Community Forestry Today and in
Near-future:
Video and still imagery
Real Estate, inspections, Videography, marketing
Infrared-Near Infrared (IR - NIR) imagery
Current Uses, Near-future Uses
Plant water stress, PV panel inspections, Search and Rescue,
wildlife monitoring...
Current Uses, Near-future Uses
Multispectral imagery
Precision Agriculture
: Normalized Difference Vegetation
Index (NDVI), other Vegetation Indices (VIs)
Current Uses, Near-future Uses
Video and still imagery
Near-future Uses
Near-future Expectations
Utility Vegetation Management
Urban forest spray operations
Urban forest pest monitoring
Getting Started, Getting Up to Speed
Getting Started
Budget
Part of your budget at the beginning is
buying training aircraft.
Current Legal Situation
Current Legal Situation
Current Legal Situation
New rules: Part 107 (14 CFR Part 107)
8/29/2016
Part 107 certification needed for any non-hobby
flights (think: 'commercial')
Visual line of sight, 400 feet above ground level,
not over people, during daylight, away from
airports
Private Property Rights:
Private Property Rights have drastically changed
many times in USA - drones may be another
force that drives change
Current law is not 100% clear: property may end
at 83 feet above ground level. More guidance
needed (see links at end for much more)
Privacy, Etiquette, Rules of Thumb
Current Legal Situation Links
FAA Civil Operations: https://www.faa.gov/uas/civil_operations/
Start with the basics: http://knowbeforeyoufly.org/
Excellent, deep privacy discussion if you are serious about this topic -
Drones and Aerial Surveillance:
http://www.gwlr.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/84-Geo.-Was.-L.-Rev.-354.pdf
Good outline of what you need to know about the Part 107 test prep:
http://thedronegirl.com/2016/06/21/part-107-aeronautical-drone-
test-heres-can-expect/
Drone Equipment Costs
Shop hard before you buy. DJI lowered their prices the
same way, ~the same time for the past two years
Some older models on eBay or Craigslist are a good
alternative - technology is much older, so be careful
Take your time - don't buy on impulse!
Drone Equipment Costs
Some people swear by DJI ('the Microsoft of drones')
Leading ~5-8 manufacturers unquestionably drive the tech
and the features (and the price wars)
Be very careful of knockoffs (only for spares or training)
Working Drone (
Prosumer
) Aircraft Suggestions
Everyone has different preferences
Drone Equipment Costs
ALL COSTS
Starter Aircraft
Spare parts
Replace something that you hit indoors
Total: $100 - 125.00 (+$75.00)
(Nice dinner to thank partner for patience)
Drone Equipment Costs
ALL COSTS
Working Drone Equipment Costs
ALL COSTS
Working Drone Equipment Costs
ALL COSTS (~median price)
Intermediate Aircraft
Spare parts
Replace something on aircraft from crash
Total: $225 - 325.00 (+$50.00)
(Ice cream after trips to park)
Carrying case so you won't drop something
again and have to replace
Training + Working Aircraft
Spare parts
Replace something on aircraft from crash
Total: $2000-2500.00
Sign 'aerial operations', vest, shirts
Carrying case
Insurance*
*Prices Dan has seen in social groups
Starter Aircraft
Intermediate Aircraft
Working Aircraft
US$100.00
$275.00
$2000.00
~US$2375.00
Price includes extras but not apology dinners, etc
Coincidence or ??
Community Forestry: Hiring Pilots
If you can't justify the risk, or only need drone
flights every 6-8 weeks, look to a pilot
Pilot likely has all the
skill
you need, and more
Take 6 months or a year to see how it works before
investing
Pilot has the
investment
and
risk
built in to rates
Pilot may see something in the flight or operation
you don't
Data Services
If you are only doing visual imagery for now,
you don't need data services
As soon as you get into inventory, InfraRed or
multispectral imagery, growth projections, etc, you
need a data partner - you can't do that data
analysis in a cost-effective way
DJI
Yuneec
Phantom 4, Phantom 3 Advanced, Mavic (foldable)
Drone Equipment
Caveats
Optical standards:
'Sense and Avoid' technology cannot see a branch or leaf
as of October 2016 - rudimentary but better than nothing
2.7K or 4K imagery - 4K may require additional software
to process image files
Drone position technology for Air Traffic Control will be
available likely ~one year
Pilots As An Option, Data Services
Brief Introduction
Current Uses, Near-future Uses
Possibly Relevant to Community Forestry Today
and in Near-future:
Infrared-Near Infrared (IR - NIR) imagery
Plant water stress, building efficiency, PV panel
inspections, Search and Rescue, wildlife
monitoring...
Multispectral imagery
Precision Agriculture: Normalized Difference
Vegetation Index (NDVI), other vegetation
indices, some pollution monitoring
Most common for community forestry, tree care
Quadcopter
Hexacopter
Watch presentation again on-line for more understanding
FAA has chosen to remain silent on private
property rights
Drone law blog answering lots of Part 107 test prep questions:
http://jrupprechtlaw.com/drone-law-blog
More than enough data companies to choose from:
~35 national providers as of November 2016, far
more local-scale data companies
Throwlines
Getting Started
Continuing Education & Skill Building
Technology moving so fast books and traditional
trade magazines inadequate for this task
Feedly: News reader (RSS feed)
Getting Started
Continuing Education & Skill Building
Technology moving so fast other media and
communication modes required
Getting Started
Continuing Education & Skill Building
Instagram for images and comments
#dronestagram, #dronephotgraphy, #drone,
#dronephoto, #aerialview
The Building Blocks of Community Forestry

Thank you!
Why?
Crashing a $75.00 drone to learn how to fly
is much, much better than crashing a
$1500.00 drone to learn how to fly.
Staley, D.C. (in press). Making a Business Decision for Drones: What you need to know. For
Arborist
News
(October 2016).

Staley, D.C. (in press). Making a Choice for Drone Arboriculture. For
Ontario Arborist
(October 2016).

Staley, D.C. (in preparation). Drone Arboriculture and Urban Forestry. For
City Trees
(December 2016).

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Arboriculture: Legal requirements and private property rights.
Tree Care Industry
Magazine
. 27:10 pp 48-50.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drone Arboriculture: Is it right for your operation?
Ontario Arborist
June/July 2016 pp 14-19.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Tree Care: Right for your operation?
Tree Care Industry Magazine
. 27:7
pp 24-29.

Staley, D.C. 2016. How to Market to the Tree Care Industry and Landscape Industry.
sUAS News
Special Supplement
(August 2016).

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Tree Care Operations.
Tree Services Magazine
. 12:4 pp 18-23.

Staley, D.C. 2016. UVM and UAVs: A new way forward.
Transmission and Distribution World Magazine.
April 2016 pg. 17.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and the future of Utility Vegetation Management.
Utility Arborist Newsline
.
March-April 2016 pp. 31-32.

Staley, D.C. 2015. Drones & Tree Care: Who is using them, how, and why?
Tree Care Industry Magazine

26:12 pp. 8-14.

Hammrich, T. and Staley, D. 2013. Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Arboriculture: Toward new heights.

Tree Care Industry Magazine
24:11 pp. 26-31.

UAS and Arboriculture
Staley, D.C. 2013. Urban Forests and Solar Power Generation - Partners in urban heat island mitigation.
International Journal of Low Carbon Technologies
8:3 9 pp.

Staley, D.C. 2009. Increasing Green Infrastructure in Compact Develop
ments: Strategies for providing ecologically beneficial greenery in modern urban built
environments. IN: Proceedings of The Second International Conference on Countermeasures to Urban Heat Islands (SICCUHI)
, Berkeley CA, USA.

Staley, D.C. 2014. Your Next Opportunity: Solar-friendly tree care.
Tree Care Industry Magazine
25:7 pp. 22-23.

Staley, D.C. 2014. Solar Rights and Tree Rights are Compatible.
Renewable, Alternative and Distributed Energy Resources Newsletter.
2:2 pp. 13-15. American Bar
Ass'n, Washington, D.C.

DuVivier, K.K. and Staley, D.C. 2013. Managing the Dark Side of Trees.
Solar Today
27:5 pp. 27-31.

Staley D.C. 2012. Solar-Smart Arboriculture in the New Energy Economy.
Arborist News
20:3 4 pp.

Arboriculture and Urban Heat Island, Rooftop Solar Power, Urban Design
3DR study guides: https://3dr.com/faa/study-guides/
Example of not-for-free study guide: http://www.asa2fly.com/Prepware-Remote-Pilot-P3575.aspx
Dan Staley
Principal, Analemma Resources LLC

November 17, 2016 10:30 AM
Partners in Community Forestry
Indianapolis, IN, USA

Drones and Community Forestry:
What You Need to Know

staley.dan@gmail.com
Non-profits taking images of volunteers or
projects for fun or thank-yous - are
hobbyist

operations and
not
subject to new rules
Non-profits taking images for
fundraising
:
subject to new rules
Current Legal Situation
We thank our awesome volunteers: no Part 107 needed
Image: krankitupphotography
(Can use these for side income, significant investment though)
Photo: Randy Majors
Photo: Charles Bernard
"5-band"
Typhoon H, Q500
Blade Chroma
Autel X-Star
Was offering to pay for Part 107 certification, with purchase. Also
being sued by DJI for copyright infringement (strong competitor)
Xiro Xplorer models
Hype Cycle
Bass diffusion model modified by Staley
Full transcript