Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Relating To Privilege - Aída Hurtado

No description

Ellen Casey

on 26 September 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Relating To Privilege - Aída Hurtado

Relating to Privilege - Aída Hurtado
Oppression is shaped by a groups relationship to the power-creators of society; White men
Oppression is not simply based on gender, but by class, race and sexuality
Focuses on the relationships white women and women of Colour have with white men and how this has shaped the feminists within both groups

Structural Position
White upper/middle class men hold the power in society. Other groups are afforded privileges according to their relationship to white men
Women of Colour are generally working class
Standards of living are ranked below white people
Exclusion of Women of Colour in Feminist Theory
Most feminist literature fails to acknowledge the impact of race
Women of Colour face oppression by white people of all genders
Recent white feminists have begun to realize the value of acknowledging the diversity present among women
In 1987, white women earned 67.5% of the average white man's salary
Black women earned 61.3%
Hispanic women earned 54.8%
Historical Context
Rejection vs Seduction
White women socialized to become lovers/mothers/unequal partners to white men
Economic & social benefits
Women of Colour socialized for same positions with men of Colour
No social advancement
All women taught the advantages of marrying an economically successful man
Chance of obtaining this goal is lower for working class
"Class Privilege functions to one degree or another regardless of race, and white privilege functions to one degree or another regardless of class."
Most First Wave feminists were abolitionists, but not necessarily anti-racist
Racial tensions present throughout suffragette movement
Black suffragettes also fighting lynching, poverty, racial segregation
Dual Construction of Womanhood
White women seduced into a subservient role under the false promise of shared power.
Traditional views of femininity
Range of choices and rewards for supporting patriarchal power
Black women in slavery required masculine traits to work, but were sexually abused
Seen as workers and sexual objects
Not afforded the respect and care given to white women
Deconstruction of patriarchal view of womanhood
similar to decolonization of minority groups in 1960's

White feminists have always been oppressed by white men
Do not have a history to reclaim
Socialized docility denies a medium to express oppression

People of Colour have a beginning to their oppression e.g slavery
Older women valued as communicators within their communities
Express opinions freely
Variety of language seen by white people as uneducated e.g AAVE
Rachel Jeantel was a key witness in the trial of George Zimmerman in 2013
Her use of African American English Vernacular resulted in widespread criticism of her intelligence and literacy
Forming Identity
Women of Colour must use oral traditions for political goals

White women must acknowledge that individual silences reinforces male power
The Public/Private Distinction
White women's domestic work is much less celebrated than white men's work in the public sphere
White feminists concerned with beauty standards, unequal domestic labour and childhood formation of identity
Regular interaction with white men.
Private lives of people of Colour are intruded on by the US state e.g incarceration, drafting, welfare policies, sterilisation
Feminists of Colour focus on public issues e.g Affirmative Action, racism, prison reform, voter registration
Segregated from white men

Political Socialisation and Survival Skills
Women of Colour's loss of children is one of the main sources of anger
drugs, prison, discrimination, poverty and racism
FBI statistics show that from 2005-2012 white police killed a black civilian twice a week
20% were under 21
8.7% of white people killed were under 21
"Some problems we share as women, some we do not. You fear your children will grow up to join the patriarchy and testify against you, we fear our children will be dragged from a car and shot down in the street and you will turn your backs upon the reasons they are dying"
-Aurdre Lorde
Implications for Political Mobilisation
Both groups are oppressed and subject to domination on various grounds of race/class/gender
In order to form a racially diverse collaborative feminist movement
White feminists must acknowledge and address their own privilege
Feminists of Colour must expand awareness of gender oppression and understand that seduction and rejection are equally oppressive
Critical Analysis
Written in 1989
Very focused on USA
not directly applicable to Ireland
does not acknowledge racial isssues between white women
Women of Colour come from a variety of different cultures, who encounter many different experiences in regards to privilege
Further examinations of different racial groups within 'women of Colour'
An understanding of where men of Colour are placed in the patriarchal system
How a similar study would work in Ireland
Women of Colour marginalised since birth
Forced to acquire survival skills
Communicated by hatred of strangers

"The AA subway to Harlem. I clutch my mother's sleeve...A woman in a fur hat staring at me...Her leather-gloved hand plucks at the line where my new blue snowpants and her sleek fur coat meet. She jerks her coat closer to her. I look . I do not see whatever terrible thing she is seeing on the seat between us...But she has communicated her horror to me...it is me she doesn't want her coat to touch...No word has been spoken...I will never forget it. Her eyes. The flared nostrils. The hate."
-Aurdre Lorde

White women protected from classism and racism
lack experience in challenging authority and defending oneself
Identity Invention vs Reaffirmation of Cultural Roots
Full transcript