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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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Marian Molina

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Great Britain
Information
Currency: Pound Sterling
Population: 63,047,162 (July 2012)
Literacy: 99% estimated
Language: English
Religion: Anglican Church
Location:
Type of Government
Origins of
the State

Political
Culture

Patterns of
Participation

Governmental Involvement
Is mandatory for ages from 5 to 16 to attend to school.

Only the 7% of children attend to private schools.

4 universities of Great Britain were included in the 2010 Top 10 QS World University Rankings: University of Cambridge (1st place), University College London, University of Oxford and Imperial College London.

The Trends in International Mathematical and Science Study ranked Great Britain´s pupils 7th place in the world.
Policies
Domestic
Foreign
Establish economic relations all around the globe and become a "bridge" between United States' economy and Europe
Cleavages
Ethnic:
white (English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, Asian 1.2%, other 1.6%

Religious:
Catholic (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1%

Political:
36.1% - Co
nservativ
e Party (Center-Right/Right) 29.0% - Labor Party (Center-Left) 23.0% - Liberal Democrats Party (Center-Left/Center)
Heterogeneous culture
British society is not homogeneous because it is divided into several groups: Indians, Asians and North-Africans, they are now becoming different ethnic minorities in Britain.

British society is also divided into different age groups: children, teenagers, young adults, adults, seniors and honorable persons (90+ years)

The last division that can be found in British society is the level of preparation, according to Conteporary British Society, the different groups are: professional class, an intermediate skilled class and unskilled workers.
Feedback
Free And Fair Elections
The Parliament says: "Elections give people a chance to make decisions about how their country is run. Holding free and fair elections is the most important ingredient in making any country a democracy and the UK government is fully committed to create a solid democracy.
Free Press
Great Britain is a free country according to Freedom House. Its region is 85% free in general terms, while its press is 72% free.
Information Flow
Information flow is a reality in Great Britain, people have a access to important newspapers such as: The Guardian, The Sun, Daily Mirror and London Daily.
A lot of people have internet access. By June 2010, there were 51,442,100 internet users (82% of the population). In year 2000 only the 26% of the population had internet access.
Interventionism
Participation
During the 2010 Elections in the UK, 65.1% of the people went to vote.

Around 11% of the population did not vote or canceled their vote.
Great Britain's economy participates actively in the world's politics.
In fact, its economy is strongly related to Europe and United States
Justice, Crime and Security
9.1m crimes were reported in 2011/12, down from 9.7m the previous year, and 27.2% lower than ten years ago. From 2011 to 2012, crime decreased 6.1 %.

Most of the crimes reported are PNDs, Penalty Notices for Disorder, which are not considered as serious crimes.

551 homicides were reported in 2011/12, a considerable drop on the previous year's total of 638. Homicides are now down to around half of the figure for 2001/02.

Attempted murders also fell, but by a smaller proportion, dropping by 7.6% in comparison to a fall of 13.6% in homicides.
Education
Governmental Involvement
Healthcare
The World Health Organization has ranked the provision of healthcare in the United Kingdom as fifteenth best in Europe and eighteenth in the world. The UK spends around 8.4 per cent of its gross domestic product on healthcare
Transport
Its road network totals 46,904 km of main roads, 3,497 km of motorways and 344,000 km of paved roads.
Great Britain is the 6th "country" with more taxis in the world.
Important NGOs
Action Aid: Seeks to end poverty in Great Britain and Africa.

Action Contre La Faim: Seeks to end hunger in Africa and the cities where its headquarters are located, one of them, London.

Community Resource Network UK - Organization that looks to tackle the UK's growing waste problem.

RSPB - Royal Society for the Protection of Animals.
Prevent Climate Change: English organization that seeks to reverse climate change.
Rights
The Freedom of Information Act gives you the right to ask any public sector organization for all the recorded information they have on any subject.

If you ask for information under The Freedom of Information Act, then, The Data Protection Act helps the person to protect his identity so no other person has the opportunity to know what the person wants to do with the info.

The Equality Act 2010 help to enforce, protect and promote physically and mentally disabled people´s rights.

Codes of Practice allow a prisoner to know his rights right after he is jailed.
Justice, Crime and Security
Anyone over the age of 10 can get an Anti-social Behaviour Order (ASBO)

A person can get an ASBO if you have behaved ‘anti-socially’. This includes: drunken or threatening behavior vandalism and graffiti playing loud music at night

Getting an ASBO means the person won’t be allowed to do certain things, such as: going to a particular place, spending time with people who are known as trouble-makers, drinking in the street

If a person get an ASBO it will last for at least 2 years. It could be reviewed if his/her behavior improves. If the person does not obey the ASBO, he/she could be taken to court.
POLITICAL PARTIES
Iraq War
A good example of Great Britain trying to establish strong relations with United States is when English troops were sent to Iraq when a dossier of 2002 from the government discovered that there weren't any signs of mass destruction weapons' production in Iraq.
Nevertheless, the United Kingdom supported United States in its offensives.
Foreign Policy Center
Another proof of Great Britain's concern is the Foreign Policy Center, founded by Tony Blair in 1998.
In it foreign policy concepts are discussed in an accessible language for all the population to understand its government choices and actions.
Foreign Investments
EU (34%) and USA (23%)
China
British Chamber
of
Commerce in China
Equality in Gender , Race and Disability
Transparency
Continuous Improvement Strategy
Single equality scheme reviews are made from the Cabinet Office every year.
In the Cabinet Office, a space is reserved to data concerning Ministers' and Government's expenditures.
www.data.gov.uk
The Government has settled this strategy in every department to boost innovation. In fact, this strategy was one of the main points of the recently approved Civil Service Reform.
The European Union Debate
UK Independent
UK part of the EU
- No taxes between borders.
- Better relation with big european economies such as Germany or France.
- European Fund in case the country had economical problems or ended bankrupt.
- Wouldn't have to help economically poorer countries.
- More independence in international decision making.
- Would be less affected by imminent Greek and Spanish bankrupt.
CONSERVATIVE PARTY
(right wing):
Based on defending the national traditions and institutions, give freedom to citizens, state not involved in industry.
Economic Liberalism was unsuccessful and they didn’t gain people support.
Expensive campaign and lack of donations led to a poor finance.
Current Leader: Ed Miliband.
Number of members: 130,000.
LABOUR PARTY
(left wing):
Based on sociopolitical reforms, modernize the economy; reform the industry and various policies of nationalization.
They depend on the trade union contributions and they decided their president in an election committee.
30 of the 70 unions of the Trade Union Congress form part of the party and have 50% of the vote.
Number of Members: 350,000.
Current Leader: David Cameron.
LIBERAL DEMOCRATS
(left wing):
Formed by landowners and wealthy businessmen focused on mainly in the free trade, growing the industry middle class.
Have only a dozen of seats in the Parliament and have 10 to 20 percent of the vote.
They join aside the Labour Party, but they were more left developed in left than them.
Number of members: 100,000.
Current Leader: Nick Clegg.
Head of state:
Queen Elizabeth II
Head of government:
David Cameron
Constitutional
monarchy
The Tudors:
Henry VIII, Mary I, Elizabeth I
The Stuarts
James I, II, Charles I, II, Mary II, Anne
The Hanover
Ruled from 1714-1901
The Saxe-Coburg and Gotha later Windsor
(George V)
Non Governmental Organizations
5,500 associations belong to the National Council of Voluntary Organizations:
Make Poverty History: 250,000 members
Countryside Alliance in defense of the fox hunting: 400,000 members
Against war in Iraq: around 1,000,000 people
Call the government to make some changes for the BILLS, like the ratio requirement, the worthiness criteria and the community rules.

POLITICAL PARTY DONATIONS FUNDS

Conservative 14,144,827 832,492
Labour 11,957,097 7,336,068
Liberal Democrats 4,131,750 402,348
Scottish National Party 2,820,727 312,484
Green Party 158,830 24,858

TOTAL: 43,738,113
Donations and public funds received by political parties in 2011
Parliament
House of Commons
House of Lords
Full transcript