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Transcript of Rwanda Genocide
How did the Genocide Start?
Tensions before the genocide
The Hutu extremists within Rwanda’s political elite blamed the Tutsi population for the growing social, economic, and political pressures in Rwanda
Hutu remembered years of oppressive Tutsi rule chosen by Belgium
Tutsis treated Hutu like peasants and unsettled the stability of Rwandan society.
The spark of the genocide was when a plane that President Habyarimana was on shot down, violence began almost immediately after
People Involved in the Genocide
85% of population
Ethnic group in Central Africa
the genocide was carried out by two Hutu radical militant groups: the Interahamwe and the Impuzamugambi
14% of population
Tutsi civilians were accused of supporting a Tutsi-dominated rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF)
Tutsi and people suspected of being Tutsi were killed in their homes and as they tried to flee, roadblocks were set up across the country during the genocide.
Entire families were killed at a time. Women were brutally raped. It is estimated that some 200,000 people participated in the perpetration of the Rwandan genocide
1994, 800,000 men, women, and children died in the Rwandan genocide, which is about three quarters of the Tutsi population.
Thousands of Hutu were murdered because they opposed the killing campaign and the forces directing it
Civil war broke out
What is the Rwandan Genocide?
The Rwandan Genocide was the 1994 mass slaughter in Rwanda between the Tutsis and the Hutus
It continued for about one hundred days until the “Hutu Power” movement’s defeat in mid-July
The genocide was carried out primarily by Hutu supremacist militia groups, co-perpetrated by the state government of Rwanda, the Rwandan Army, and Rwandan civilians
By Megan Kwan, Megan Hickson, and Alessia Scillia
The End Of The Genocide
Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) defeated Hutus
President Paul Kagame took control
During the Genocide
Response To The Genocide
United Nation sent peacekeeping troops to Rwanda
Many lost their lives
UN failed Security Council failed to set up a timetable; the troops weren't sent in time to stop the massacre
Member States in the Security Council made the UN withdraw troops
US did not intervene
How Did the Genocide Impact Rwanda Today?
Population went from 300,000 to 50,000
There was little food, no drinking water, and many were left homeless.
Communities were destroyed.
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"The History Place - Genocide in the 20th Century: Rwanda 1994." The History Place - Genocide in the 20th Century: Rwanda 1994. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. <http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/genocide/rwanda.htm>.