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SURGICAL PROCEDURES: GENITOURINARY SURGERY

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Benson Bradley

on 10 July 2014

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Transcript of SURGICAL PROCEDURES: GENITOURINARY SURGERY

TRANSURETHRAL (CYSTOSCOPIC)
PROCEDURES SURGERY OF THE DISTAL GU SYSTEM
PERFORMED WITH AN OPERATIVE
CYSTOURETHROSCOPE. CYSTOSCOPE IN THIS PROCEDURE, THE ANATOMY IS DILATED TO RELIEVE A STRICTURE WITH PHILLIPS FILIFORMS AND FOLLOWERS, GRADUATED SOUNDS (DILATORS), AND/OR BALLOON DIALATORS. URETHRAL DILATION ...a small incision is made in
the internal urethra to release
scar tissue or other tissue. URETHROTOMY A surgical procedure to remove the prostate through an incision (cut) in the abdominal wall. Removal of nearby lymph nodes may be done at the same time. Retropubic prostatectomy A surgical procedure to remove the prostate through an incision (cut) made in the perineum (area between the scrotum and anus). Nearby lymph nodes may also be removed through a separate incision in the abdomen. Perineal prostatectomy A surgical procedure to remove tissue from the prostate
using a resectoscope (a thin, lighted tube with a cutting tool)
inserted through the urethra. This procedure is sometimes
done to relieve symptoms caused by a tumor before
other cancer treatment is given. Transurethral resection
of the prostate may also be done in men who cannot have
a radical prostatectomy because of age or illness. Transurethral resection of
the prostate (TURP) Transurethral ureteroscopy is performed with a
flexible or rigid ureteroscope for:
1. Disease or trauma of the ureters and renal pelvis
2. Renal calculi (kidney stones)
3. Biopsy of the ureters or renal pelvis
4. Ureteral stricture Ureteral Stent Placement ...a surgery that may be done to help prevent
conditions that may affect the glans and
foreskin (skin detritus) which may lead to
infection and scarring. CIRCUMCISION ...THE REMOVAL OF THE PREPUCE, WHICH IS
DONE TO IMPROVE HYGIENE AND TO ABIDE
BY CULTURAL AND RELIGIOUS REASONS ...A CONGENITAL
DOWNWARD CURVATURE OF
THE PENIS CAUSED BY A BAND OF
CONNECTIVE TISSUE BETWEEN THE
URETHRAL OPENING AND THE GLANS. CHORDEE CAN BE CAUSED BY
A SHORT URETHRA, FIBROUS TISSUES
CONNECTING THE URETHRAL
OPENING, OR BOTH. IN HYPOSPADIAS REPAIR, A PROCEDURE TO CORRECT AN INCOMPLETE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DISTAL URETHRA, THE MEATUS CAN APPEAR ALONG THE PENILE SHAFT OR AT THE BASE OF THE SCROTUM. SURGERY TO CORRECT A MALFUNCTION IN THE ERECTILE SYSTEM OF THE PENIS MOST OFTEN IS CAUSED BY NEUROLOGICAL DISEASE, DIABETES, VASCULAR DISEASE, OR PHYSIOLOGICAL ISSUES. INSERTION OF A PENILE IMPLANT SUFFIX

cele -relating to a hernia or swelling:
rectocele, cystocele.

itis - denote inflammation of an organ:
bronchitis, gastritis.

osis - condition; process; action:
osmosis. the diffusion of fluids through
membranes or porous partitions. inflammation of the membrane
lining of the bronchial tubes inflammation of the stomach, especially
of its mucous membrane. a hernia of the rectum into the vagina. a herniation of the urinary
bladder into the vagina. Varicose veins can become enlarged and
in some cases quite prominent. They can
be seen in some individuals as serpiginous
(snakelike), raised lumps in the thighs,
legs, calves and ankles. LEG VENOUS SYSTEM In normal veins, valves in the vein keep blood moving forward toward the heart. With varicose veins, the valves do not function properly, allowing blood to stay in the vein. Blood that pools causes the vein to swell.

This process usually occurs in the veins of the legs, although it may occur in other parts of the body. Varicose veins are common, but they usually affect women.

Causes include:
Defective valves from birth (congenitally defective valves)
Pregnancy
Thrombophlebitis Thrombophlebitis is swelling (inflammation) of a vein caused by a blood clot.

The following increase your chances for thrombophlebitis:

Being hospitalized for a major surgery or with a major illness
Disorders that make you more likely to develop blood clots
Sitting for a long period of time (such as on a long airplane trip)

There are two main types of thrombophlebitis:
Deep venous thrombosis (affects deeper, larger veins)
Superficial thrombophlebitis (affects veins near the skin surface) a herniation of the urinary
bladder into the vagina. a hernia of the rectum
into the vagina. acute or chronic inflammation of the
membrane lining of the bronchial tubes inflammation of the stomach,
especially of its mucous membrane. the diffusion of fluids through
membranes or porous partitions In normal veins, valves in the vein keep blood moving forward toward the heart. With varicose veins, the valves do not function properly, allowing blood to stay in the vein. Blood that pools causes the vein to swell.

This process usually occurs in the veins of the legs, although it may occur in other parts of the body. Varicose veins are common, but they usually affect women.

Causes include:
Defective valves from birth (congenitally defective valves)
Pregnancy
Thrombophlebitis Thrombophlebitis is swelling (inflammation) of a vein caused by a blood clot. The following increase your chances for thrombophlebitis:

Being hospitalized for a major surgery or with a major illness
Disorders that make you more likely to develop blood clots
Sitting for a long period of time (such as on a long airplane trip)

There are two main types of thrombophlebitis:
Deep venous thrombosis (affects deeper, larger veins)
Superficial thrombophlebitis (affects veins near the skin surface) SURGERY OF THE MALE EXTERNAL
GENITALIA...PART 1 SURGERY OF THE MALE EXTERNAL
GENITALIA...PART 2 SURGERY OF THE MALE EXTERNAL
GENITALIA...PART 3 HYDROCELE
A HYDROCELE IS A BENIGN, FLUID-FILLED SAC THAT DEVELOPS IN THE ANTERIOR TESTIS. IT IS DRAINED AND REMOVED TO PREVENT RUPTURE AND HEMORRHAGE. ORCHIECTOMY
REMOVAL OF ONE TESTICLE MOST OFTEN IS PERFORMED IN CASES OF TESTICULAR CARCINOMA OR TORSION

BILATERAL ORCHIECTOMY MAY BE PERFORMED TO CONTROL METASTATIC CARCINOMA OF THE PROSTATE the spread of a disease from
one organ or part to another
non-adjacent organ or part SCAPEL FREE VASECTOMY VASECTOMY RADICAL PROSTATECTOMY BPH -plasia:
Growth; development

-trophy, -trophia:
a "condition of nutrition or growth" Benign prostatic hyperplasia /
Benign prostate hypertrophy an increase in size (growth) of the prostate; noncancerous SURGERY OF THE BLADDER AND URETERS
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