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Kimberly Eyers

on 15 December 2016

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Transcript of Ipperwash

1928 Stony Point First Nation, under pressure from the Department of Indian Affairs, surrendered 377 acres, including their shoreline.

1936 The Ontario Government purchased part of this land, including burial grounds, to create Ipperwash Provincial Park.

1942 The Federal Government requests their remaining land to create a military camp. Stony Point First Nation refuse, but the government siezes the land under the War Measures Act, paying 15$ an acre and promising to return the land after the war. Stony Point First Nation is relocated to Kettle Point, a nearby reserve.

1945 World War 11 ends, but the land is not returned.
Escalation Timeline
The Military withdrew, and Provincial Police were deployed. Another group of Protesters, including Dudley George, entered the Provincial Park, and occupied the beach there. There are conflicting accounts of the altercation that happened next, but essentially the Police, with armor and weapons, clashed with the protestors. Dudley George was shot, and his trip to the hospital was delayed. He died the next day.
The Inquiry
Premier Mike Harris did not investigate the incident. It was not until Dalton McGuinty and the Liberal Party came to power that an inquiry into the incident was launched in 2003, after an extensive campaign led by Dudley George's brother, Sam. It took Justice Linden until 2007 to release the results of the inquiry.
Depictions of Landclaims
Background Timeline
May, 1993 A Group of Stoney Point First Nation members peacefully occupy part of the Military Camp in order to prompt negotiations with the Federal Gov't.

1994 The Gov't announces plans to return the land.

July 1995 Stoney Point Protesters decide to peacefully occupy Military Administration buildings because personnel and equipment were still present.
Main Events (choose 3)
Canada takes Stony Point reserve under the War Measures Act, paying 15$ an acre, for a Military camp in 1942, moving residents to Kettle Point.
After the war, the Federal Government ignores several requests for the land to be returned as promised.
In 1993 Protests begin in the Military Camp, in 1995 they move to occupy the Admin buildings, forcing the Military to withdraw. Police are deployed.
A group of about 30 protesters move to occupy Ipperwash Provincial Park, and Dudley George is shot and killed by a sniper.
Choose 2
After Sam George's long campaign and a change in leadership, the Ipperwash Inquiry is launched in 2003 to investigate the immediate and systematic causes. Both governments, and the police are found at fault.
Findings from the inquiry include that the police were working under false or unverified information, racism played a key role, for example, ignored statements about burial grounds, and the media generally did not research the context and relied to too few sources for information. Immediate return of the land was recommended in 2007.
In 2016 a Land Claim was finally negotiated and the land was returned along with 95 million dollars.
Full transcript