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Intro to Geography/5 Themes & Review

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Chris Kapuscik

on 31 August 2018

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Transcript of Intro to Geography/5 Themes & Review

Basics of Geography

I. Thinking like a geographer
II. Geography skills
III. 5 themes of geography
Geographers do more than make maps...

Geographers - look at the use of space on the earth and the interactions that take place there. Notice patterns and connections between people and the land they live on.

Geography - is the study of the distribution and interaction of physical and human features on the earth.

Two Branches of Geography

Physical Geography & Human Geography
Careers in Geography
People trained in geography are in great demand.

5 Themes of Geography
1. Location
2. Place
3. Region
4. Movement
5. Human-Environment Interaction
1. Location - "Where is it?"
Absolute Location
- exact place on earth where a geographic feature, such as a city, is located. Latitude & Longitude, helps geographers find absolute location.

Relative Location
- describes a place in comparison to other places around it.
2. Place - "What is it like?"
Place includes physical features (climate, landforms, & vegetation) and human features (dams, highways, or houses).

3. Regions - "How are places similar or different?"
A region is an area of the earth’s surface with similar characteristics. Regions usually have more than one characteristic that unifies them. These may include physical, political, economic, or cultural characteristics.

Formal Regions
are defined by related characteristics. We look for an area that shares a common trait, language, and climate.

Functional Regions
are organized around interactions between places. We look at how places work economically (or interact)

Perceptual Regions
are regions defined by popular feelings and images. How people view a region.(Mental Map)

4. Movement - “How do people, ideas, and products move?”

5. Human Environment Interaction
5 themes of Geography
Relative vs. Absolute Location
El Paso is located near the Franklin Mountains
Where is North Dakota located in the United States
Using coordinates to find an exact place
Which of these images describes relative location & absolute location?
El Paso is located on the border next to Juarez, Mexico
El Paso is 31° N, 106° W
Absolute locations - Google Earth
Relative location : ____________ ::
absolute location : ____________

A directional terms…longitude and latitude

B longitude and latitude…directional terms

C geography…cartography

D GPS…grid system
5 themes of Geography:
Which of the following images is a Formal, Functional, or Perceptual Region?
1) A formal region is defined by a common feature. (Physical or Political)

2) A functional region is a central place and its surroundings. (Centers of Economic activities)

3) A perceptual region is defined by an image. (View/Stereotype of a Place)

This is how El Paso looks today
Let's Review a bit
Rio Grande
Franklin Mts
Chihuahua Desert
White Sands
Ascarate Park
Hueco Tanks
Reflective Journal: Predict what a physical feature is and identify five physical features in the El Paso area using your background knowledge.
Why we need to know Geography?
47° N, 101° W
Describe El Paso's sense of place.
Geographers look at how people, ideas, and products get from one place to another and why. (Boat, Bullet Trains, Migration, Internet, Google Drive?)
The way humans change their environment, therefore creating a cultural landscape, where one can tell humans have been there.
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