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1. Intro to Geography/5 Themes & Review
Transcript of 1. Intro to Geography/5 Themes & Review
I. Thinking like a geographer
II. Geography skills
III. 5 themes of geography
Geographers do more than make maps...
Geographers - look at the use of space on the earth and the interactions that take place there. Notice patterns and connections between people and the land they live on.
Geography - is the study of the distribution and interaction of physical and human features on the earth.
Two Branches of Geography
Physical Geography & Human Geography
Careers in Geography
People trained in geography are in great demand.
5 Themes of Geography
5. Human-Environment Interaction
Location, LocationLocation - "Where is it?"
Absolute Location - exact place on earth where a geographic feature, such as a city, is located. Latitude & Longitude, helps geographers find absolute location.
Relative Location - describes a place in comparison to other places around it.
Place - "What is it like?"
Place includes physical features (climate, landforms, & vegetation) and human features (dams, highways, or houses).
Regions - "How are places similar or different?"
A region is an area of the earth’s surface with similar characteristics. Regions usually have more than one characteristic that unifies them. These may include physical, political, economic, or cultural characteristics.
1) Formal Regions are defined by related characteristics. The textbook has broken the earth into regions based on continental area & cultural styles.
2) Functional Regions are organized around interactions between places. Like a city and its suburbs.
3) Perceptual Regions have characteristics that are perceived to be similar. They are defined by popular feelings and images (“The Heartland”)
Movement - “How do people, ideas, and products move?”
1. Linear distance means how far across the earth an idea, a person, or a product travels.
2. Time distance is how long it takes a person, product, or idea to travel.
Human Environment Interaction - "How do people use, alter, and respond to aspects of their environment?"
5 themes of Geography
Relative vs. Absolute Location
El Paso is located near the Franklin Mountains
Where is North Dakota located in the United States
Using coordinates to find an exact place
Which of these images describes relative location & absolute location?
El Paso is located on the border next to Juarez, Mexico
El Paso is 31° N, 106° W
Absolute locations - Google Earth
Relative location : ____________ ::
absolute location : ____________
A directional terms…longitude and latitude
B longitude and latitude…directional terms
D GPS…grid system
5 themes of Geography:
Which of the following images is a Formal, Functional, or Perceptual Region?
1) A formal region is defined by a common feature. (Physical or Political)
2) A functional region is a central place and its surroundings. (Centers of Economic activities)
3) A perceptual region is defined by an image. (View/Stereotype of a Place)
This is how El Paso looks today
Let's Review a bit
Double Bubble Map
Whole point of a double bubble map is to compare and contrast two items.
Or similarities or differences
Directions for practice
Create a double bubble map comparing and contrasting the following two physical features
Reflective Journal: Predict what a physical feature is and identify five physical features in the El Paso area using your background knowledge.
Why we need to know Geography?