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Rangeland Biodiversity

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Hannah Packman

on 1 May 2015

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Transcript of Rangeland Biodiversity

What are Rangelands?
What is Biodiversity?
Environmental Benefits of Rangeland Biodiversity
New Mexico State University. http://newscenter.nmsu.edu/Articles/view/8821. Date Accessed: April 15, 2015.
National Geographic. http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/encyclopedia/prairie/?ar_a=1. Date Accessed: April 15, 2015.
USDA NCRS. http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_MEDIA/stelprdb1041691.png. Date Accessed: April 15, 2015.
United Nations. http://www.un.org/undss/sites/www.un.org.undss/files/u7/UN_logo.png Date Accessed: Aprl 15, 2015.
Utah State University Extension. http://extension.usu.edu/rangeplants/htm/fluffgrass. Date Accessed: April 15, 2015.
Utah State University Extension. http://extension.usu.edu/rangeplants/htm/timothy. Date Accessed: April 15, 2015.
Bloomberg Business. http://www.bloomberg.com/bw/articles/2014-12-18/saving-the-sage-grouse-environmentalists-push-market-solutions. Date Accessed: April 15, 2015.
World Wildlife Fund. https://www.worldwildlife.org/stories/animals-of-the-northern-great-plains. Date Accessed: April 15, 2015.
World Wildlife Fund. https://www.worldwildlife.org/stories/animals-of-the-northern-great-plains. Date Accessed: April 15, 2015.
Texas A&M Agricultural Extension. http://essmextension.tamu.edu/plants/plant/feather-dalea/#images. Date Accessed: April 15, 2015.
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/rsg/profile.html?action=elementDetail&selectedElement=ABNNB03070#. Date Accessed: April 15, 2015.
USDA NCRS. http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb1045797.pdf. Date Accessed: April 15, 2015.
Dybzinski, R., et al. (2008, January). Soil fertility increases with plant species diversity in a long-term biodiversity experiment. Ecosystem Ecology, http://www.cbs.umn.edu/sites/default/files/public/t2138.pdf
Hooper, D. U., et al. (2005). The Effects of Biodiveristy on Ecosystem Functioning: A Consensus of Current Knowledge. Ecological Monograph, 75:1.
de Groot, R., et al. (2002, June). A typology for the classification, description, and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. Ecological Economics, 41(3).
USDA/RMA Pasture, Rangeland and Forage Insurance FAQ. http://www.rma.usda.gov/help/faq/faq-prf.html, accessed April 15, 2015.
USDA Press Release. http://nifa.usda.gov/press-release/researchers-show-organic-farming-enhances-biodiversity-and-natural-pest-control, accessed April 14, 2015.
Farm Service Agency. http://www.fsa.usda.gov/programs-and-services/conservation-programs/index, accessed April 14, 2015.
NRCS, Environmental Quality Incentives Program. http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/mt/programs/financial/eqip/, accessed April 15, 2015.
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Morris, Mike and Vicki Lynne, Solar-powered Livestock Watering Systems, Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas, October 2002. http://dawes.unl.edu/c/document_library/get_file?folderId=427437&name=DLFE-6633.pdf , accessed April 14, 2015.
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Taylor Grazing Act 1934, Bureau of Land Management. http://www.blm.gov/wy/st/en/field_offices/Casper/range/taylor.1.html, accessed April 18, 2015.
Works Cited
Amy J. Symstad and Jayne L. Jonas, “Incorporating Biodiversity Into Rangeland Health: Plant Species Richness and Diversity in Great Plains Grasslands,” Rangeland Ecology & Management 64, no. 6 (November 1, 2011): 555–72, doi:10.2111/REM-D-10-00136.1.
http://science.jrank.org/pages/5731/Rangeland.html. Date Accessed: April 15. 2015.
“United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity 1992,” accessed April 5, 2015, https://www.cbd.int/doc/legal/cbd-en.pdf.
University of Michigan. http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange1/current/lectures/ecol_com/ecol_com.html. Date Accessed: April 15. 2015.
Society for Rangeland Management. http://www.rangelands.org/pdf/Biodiversity_Issue_Paper_FA.pdf. Date Accessed: April 15. 2015.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/agphome/documents/PGR/SoW2/thematicstudy_forage.pdf. Date Accessed: April 15. 2015.
USDA Forest Service. http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/news/documents/BotanyInTheNews_CWR_RNAs_R9.pdf. Date Accessed: April 15. 2015.
USDA Forest Service. http://www.fs.fed.us/projects/four-threats/documents/r-d-briefing-papers-exec-summary.pdf. Date Accessed: April 15. 2015.
USDA Forest Service. http://www.fs.fed.us/rangelands/whoweare/. Date Accessed: April 18. 2015.
http://www.blm.gov/public_land_statistics/pls13/pls2013.pdf
http://www.blm.gov/wo/st/en/prog/grazing.html
Deborah H. Stinner, Benjamin R. Stinner, Edward Martsolf, Biodiversity as an organizing principle in agroecosystem management: Case studies of holistic resource management practitioners in the USA, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Volume 62, Issues 2–3, April 1997, Pages 199-213, ISSN 0167-8809, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8809(96)01135-8.
Kroeger, T., F. Casey, P. Alvarez, M. Cheatum and L. Tavassoli. 2009. An Economic Analysis of the Benefits of Habitat Conservation on California Rangelands. Conservation Economics White Paper. Conservation Economics Program. Washington, DC: Defenders of Wildlife. 91 pp.
Preserving Working Ranches in the Canadian West. 2000. Southern Alberta Land Trust, The Land Conservancy of British Columbia and The Sonoran Institute.
Rudolf de Groot, Luke Brander, Sander van der Ploeg, Robert Costanza, Florence Bernard, Leon Braat, Mike Christie, Neville Crossman, Andrea Ghermandi, Lars Hein, Salman Hussain, Pushpam Kumar, Alistair McVittie, Rosimeiry Portela, Luis C. Rodriguez, Patrick ten Brink, Pieter van Beukering, Global estimates of the value of ecosystems and their services in monetary units, Ecosystem Services, Volume 1, Issue 1, July 2012, Pages 50-61, ISSN 2212-0416, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2012.07.005.
Rangeland Biodiversity
Cycling of nutrients
Soil genesis, fertility, and stability
Disposal of waste
Control of parasites and pathogens
Carbon sequestration
Climate regulation
Pollination
Water regulation
Wildlife habitat
Ecosystem Services
Soil Fertility
Soil Stability and Erosion Prevention
Pollination
Symbiotic relationship between plant and pollinator species
Pollinated plants provide food and habitat for wildlife species
Crop production and food security relies on pollinators
Pest Management
Natural ecosystems can control 95% of potential pests and pathogens
Predators
Parasitoid insects
Bacteria
Viruses
Fungi
Plants
What it's worth

Economics of using livestock production practices that support rangeland biodiversity
Bureau of Land Management
Federal allotments of grazing rangeland
15,000 farmers with leasing permits
Grazing livestock over 155 million acres
7,887,013 AUM cattle, yearlings, bison
AUM=animal unit month, amount of forage needed to sustain one cow and her calf for one month
http://www.blm.gov/wo/st/en/prog/grazing.html
1. Holistic Resource Management
Deborah H. Stinner, Benjamin R. Stinner, Edward Martsolf, Biodiversity as an organizing principle in agroecosystem management: Case studies of holistic resource management practitioners in the USA, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Volume 62, Issues 2–3, April 1997, Pages 199-213, ISSN 0167-8809, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8809(96)01135-8.
2. Grazing Economic Analysis
Investigated the question of on-ranch profitability of conservation practice adoptions that support biodiversity through the use of a Grazing Economic Analysis model developed by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

















































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