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The Timeline of the 1920's
Transcript of The Timeline of the 1920's
Women's Suffrage end on August 18,1920. They gained their rights to vote in the Untied States
The Great Migration
The migration was more than 6 million African American from rural South to cities of the North,Midwest, West;from 1916 to 1970. They move away from cruel laws and unsatisfactory economic,most African Americans heaed North, where they helped out worker in during World War l. As other cities
The Harlem Renaissance was an outburst of African American music,arts and culture. It begin in 1920's and end in 1930's or 1935's.
Langston Hughes was well known in the 20's, he wrote "The Big Sea",1940.
Langston Hughes was born February 1,1902 in Joplin, Missouri and died May 22,1967 in New York,New York. He's an African American poet and playwright, and very well known for his poems,short stories, plays and etc.
In 1920 Prohibition amendment became a law;The amendment made for illegal to sell liquor anywhere in the united States.
Prohibition of alcohol takes effect in the United States
"Roaring twenties" or "Jazz age" or "Dance age"
It was the time for fun and changes. More people had more money than ever before, and they were intent on having a good time. They drove automobiles,went to the movies, read romantic novels, played Ping-Pong,got jobs, and danced. Dancing was a hit in the 20's. The big dance was Charleston.
The Materialistic Age
People made mass of money and buying items for themselves. There were more wealthy people than ever in American history. There was growing numbers of jobless people and many farmers were in horrific trouble.
The stock market was booming and land values increased. People could buy anything they always wanted. In 1920 car was a novelty/''the new big thing''.10 years later (1930) almost every family has a car, and many Americans, who has motorcars, they don't have indoor toilets in their houses. Automobile become a necessity. Normal people owned radios and listened to comedy shows and nighty news.
The 19Th Amendment to the Constitution
" The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by United Stated or by an state on account of sex."
Starting in 1919, women's skirts were short-short,girls/women started cutting their hair short "bobbing." They started wearing makeup: lipstick,rouge and powder. Those women/girls who bobbed their hair and wore short skirts and makeup called "flappers".
On October 29,1929 the stock market crashed or as "Black Tuesday" or the Great Wall Street Crash of 1929. The stock market crashed 1929 destroy of the economy and was the beginning of the Great Depression.
People were rushing to invested in the market, when stock price began to soar. The Stock Market boom and bobbed up and down from 1925 to 1926 and maybe through 1927. And in 1928 the market boomed began. 1928, the stock market was where everyone thought could make you rich.
On March 25, 1929, the stock market had a mini crash. As prices began to decreased, panic hit across the country as
calls were issued. When someone don't have enough money to buy full price stock, the buy on
Mean the buyer put down some money,but the rest he borrowed from a broker. The buyer put down 10 to 20 percent of his money and borrowed 80 to 90 percent of he cost of the stock.
In spring of 1929, there was multiple signs the economy are headed for a major set back. House construction decelerated and car sales waned. On September 3,1929 the stock market reached it peak.Dow Jones Industrial Average closing at 381.17. After that it dropped.
Morning of Thursday ("Black Thursday"), October 24,1929 stock price descend.
On Black Monday, October 28,1929 people thought they would lose everything, so they decided to sell. As the stock price plummeted, no one tried to save it.
On Black Tuesday, October 29,1929 vanquish or worst day in stock market history. Everyone was selling,but no one was buying, so the stock price collapse. Banks rather investors more stock but rumors say they are selling them. Over 16.4 million stock sold- new record!
On Money November 4, in limited hours stock dropped again. It continued until November 23,1929; when price seem to be normal.
But after two years, it dropped to the lows peak on July 8,1932 where Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 41.22.
Afterward, many people lost their complete saving, numberless companies were destroy, and banks were raze.
The Stock Market Crash
The First Commercial Radio Broadcast Aired
It was created in November 2,1920 by Westinghouse Electric Corporation; it was the world's first commercial radio station.
Pancho Villa Retires
Born on July 30,1863.In 1896 Ford design build his first horseless carriage that he sold to make an improved model. In 1903 ford incorporated the Ford Motor Company, he said he was going to build a car for multitude or large number. In October 1908 he finally made the car, the Model T. He wanted to sell it fro $950, but the price dropped for the Model T's 19 years of production $280. He died on April 7,1947.
He also created
Created the assembly line
He didn't allow workers to drink alcohol
He help sent immigrant to school to learn to be an american.
Famous actress,film maker,comedian
His birth name: Doroteo Arango Francisco "Pancho" Villa.He was born as Doroteo Argango, son of a sharecropper at the hacienda (cattle ranch) in San Juan del Rio.
Pancho Villa was a Mexican revolutionary leader who advocated or recommend for poor and wanted an agrarian(relating to land property or cultivation of land) reform.People remember him as a folk hero, even if he was a revolutionary leader,killer, and bandit. He attack or raid on Columbus,New Mexico in 1916, it was the first attack on United States soil since 1812.
From 1894-1910 Villa was running away from the laws, most of the time. In 1896, he met other bandit and soon became their leader. He was stealing money and cattle from the rich and giving to the poor. Some saw him as the modern day-Robin Hood. Francisco Madero saw that Villa as a bandit and his prowess and Madero promised change for the lowerc lasses to President Porfirio Diaz. From October 1910 to May 1911, Villa was a effective revolutionary leader. But in May 1911, Villa resigned, because of differences with another commander , Pascual Orozco, Jr. He won many battles.
In 1920 Villa retired from the revolutionary life,but shortly he was gunned down in his car on July 20, 1923.
The League of Nations is formed in Paris. In January 10,1920.
American Professional Football Association formed.
Warren G. Harding takes office as President after President Woodrow Wilson.He created the Bureau of Budget, cut taxes, appointed jobs for black men, and reduced national debt.
He was a new vice president. Two years and 5 months later, Harding was died of a heart problem but it could be cause of broken heart.before his death, his friend, who he trusted with important government jobs, betrayed him and the nation. They stolen and plundered. They taken bibles from business and criminal interest. Who laugh at conservationists and given away priceless oil reserves.
Mussolini forms fascist government in Italy.
Gandhi sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience.
Neils Bohr wins Nobel for work on atomic theory.
Soviet states merge into U.S.S.R.
The first Winter Olympics are held with 16 nations competing.
J. Edgar Hoover is appointed director of the FBI.
U.S. Immigration rules ban Japanese.
Process for sound motion pictures developed.
200,000 attend Klan rally in Kokomo.
First swimmer crossing of the English Channel.
Hitler publishes Mein Kampf.
F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby published.
Republic of Lebanon proclaimed.
Fritz Lang's movie Metropolis hits theaters.
U.S. population is 115 million.
Chiang Kai-Shek elected President of China.
Herbert Hoover elected U.S. President.
Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin.
First scheduled TV programs broadcast.
U.S. produces more than a third of the world's goods.
Albert Einstein wins Nobel for photoelectric effect.
KDKA transmits from Pittsburgh as the first commercial radio station.
The Unknown Soldier is buried at Arlington
He was born on August 4,1901 and died on July 6,1971.
He was nicknamed "Satchmo" or "Pops." He was a jazz trumpeter and a singer form New Orleans,Louisiana.
One of the first famous African American entertainers to "cross Over."
He was born January 17,1899 and died on January 25,1947.
He's an American gangster who guide a Prohibition-era crime syndicate. He led role of illegal activities in Chicago as a lawless city. He was arrested for tax evasion.
He was born May 6,1895 and died on August 23,196 . He was an Italian actor and pop icon.
He was born on April 16,1889 and died on December 25,1977. He was
a English comedian and film maker.
She was born on March 23,1904 and died on May,10 1977. She is an
United States film actress. From 1908 to 1977.
He was born on April 29,1899 and died on May 24,1974.
An United States jazz composer and piano player and bandleader. His career last/spanned over 50 years.
He was born December 28,1856 and he died on February 3, 1924.
Woodrow Wilson was the 28th president of the United states; from 1913 to 1921. He leader of the Progressivism Movement. He was the first president to criticize both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. He was no longer the president because the nation had no use for him or his ideas.
He was born on August 17,1887 and died on June 10, 1940.
He was a Jamaican political leader,publisher, journalist, entrepreneur . (Person who organizes business and does more than need to.)
Jamaican-born black nationalist, who created the "Back to Africa" movement.
Ulysses by James Joyce is published, U.S. post office burns copies.
James Joyce born on February 2,1882 and died on January 13,1941.
He published Ulysses on February 2,1922. Ulysses by James Joyce is published, U.S. post office burns copies.
Thomas Wolfe was born October 3,1900 and died on September 15, 1938.
Thomas Wolfe publishes Look Homeward, Angel on 1929.
The first car radio was by Motorola in 1929.
In Hollywood,California, Walt Disney produced the very first animated sound film. "Steam Willie", starting Mickey Mouse. In November 18,1928.
The first "talkie" movie, The Jazz Singer, released. On October 6,1927. The Jazz singer was a 1927 American musical film.
A. A. Milne published Winnie The Pooh. Winnie The Pooh or Pooh bear is a fictional anthropomorphic (having a human characteristics) bear.
The Charleston is the dance of the Jazz Age. Was the hit dance in the 20's, you swung your arms,kicked up your heels,knocked your knees together, and moved frantically.
Or the State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes. It was a famous legal case in 1925. John Scopes, a high school teacher, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, and not allow for human evolution.
Calvin Coolidge wins presidential election. He became president after Warren Harding died of heart problems. He is known for the president who didn't talk much but did much.
Warren Harding died of heart failure,but maybe it was a broken heart. He died cause of friends he trusted betrayed him and the nations. On August 2,1923.
Calvin Coolidge was vice president, so he took Harding's places.
John Thomas Scopes
He was born on August 3,1900 and died on October 21,1970.
He was the high school teacher, who was violating Tennessee's Butler Act. He was charged on May 5, 1925.
Important,Famous People in the 1920's
Herbert Hoover was the 31th president, from 1929-1933. He was there when the Stock Market and Economy collapsed. Which led to Great Depression, Hoover tried to make Great Depression better,but it was the opposite from his plan.
Pancho Villa retires.
Frantic or wild is what they describe 20's. The idealism of President Wilson was no use. After the war, everything was supposed to be improve, but anyone knows that's not true. Americans wanted to have a better nation-not having people drinking,but behaving themselves- it didn't work. The Prohibition idea got criminals rich and very powerful at selling liquor.If you read the newspapers you will see what i am talking about.Most people forget about the ideas and just have a wonderful time.
In 1927, Henry Ford started to sell his Model T and Model A, there were 21 million cars in America.
Charles Lindbergh makes first trans-Atlantic crossing.
Leon Trotsky kicked out of Russia's Communist Party.