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The other side of truth

aditya Narayanan

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on 8 March 2011

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Transcript of The other side of truth

The Other Side Of Truth Beverly Naidoo Characters Plot Theme Geographical Details / Settings Cultural Elements Main Secondary Cardboard Sade is the main character in the book. She is a brave, smart, young woman who often has traumatizing times throughout the book due to her mother being killed. She has been through many hardships throughout the book, but fought through it and persevered to accomplish what was necessary. Sade is the daughter of Folarin Solaja. Folarin (aka Papa) is the father of Sade and Femi, and was a Nigerian journalist on a newspaper called “Speak”. He made many articles about the corruption in Nigeria, even when he knew he could have been killed for it. This is the reason his wife was killed by the Nigerian government. He is a very wise man and is respected by many. Mariam is one of the smartest girls in Sade’s English class and is from Somalia. She faced many of the same hardships as Sade, such as corruption in her homeland and a lot of pain on her way to freedom. Also, Mariam lost her brother in Somalia, just like Sade lost her mother. She is Sade’s best friend in Avon and a good outlet for Sade to talk to. Femi plays a huge role in the book, but not enough to be a main character. He is 10 years old in the book, which puts him in grade 5. He is a very shy person in the novel, and constantly keeps his feelings of sadness to himself. During the time he is in London to the very end of the novel, he is constantly pushing Sade away, possibly because he feels that talking to her just reminds him of his mother’s death. Femi is the brother of Sade and the son of Folarin. Marcia is a bully in Sade’s English class. She and her best friend Donna threatened Sade many times in the novel, and often get her in trouble. She is a good friend of Kevin Graham, who is the son of Sade and Femi’s first temporary foster parent, Mrs. Graham. She is well-known by almost everyone in Avon, and has a huge impact on Sade throughout the book. Mrs. Bankole is the woman who helped Sade and Femi get to London. She was meant to take them to their Uncle Dele, who would take care of them until necessary, but left them at a fast food restaurant once they landed in London. She is said to be a short woman with mango-shaped cheeks. She plays a huge role in the novel because without her the kids would still be in Nigeria. Joseph: Slave / servant for the Solaja family in Nigeria Kole: Femi’s best friend in Nigeria Mrs. Howe: Librarian in Avon School Donna: friend of Marcia Police officers: send Sade and Femi to station The novel starts in around 1977, due to the subtle clues given. In chapter 27 it says President Barre sent soldiers to take Mariam’s father on her fifth birthday. Also, in reality President Barre seized power of Somalia on October 22nd, 1969. Also, Sade met Mariam in the eighth grade, which would make her and Mariam both thirteen years old, which would make Mariam eight years older. Eight plus 1966 would be the year 1977. Of course, since Barre was not president for only one year, we must assume that this could have happened at any time during his reign from 1969 to 1991, making the book start anywhere from 1977 to 1999. This is where the novel starts off, and is where Sade’s mom is killed. Lagos is a small conurbation, and is the second most populous city after Cairo. The Solajas lived here before Sade and Femi were sent to London. This is where most of the novel takes place. The book’s setting changes to here in chapter 7, when they land in England. We see many places in London, such as: VIctoria station is where Sade and Femi get abandoned by Mrs. Bankole.
‘Buildings, streets, floors, telephone wires, trees, cloudy sky and now dirty tunnel walls hurtle by outside the train window.’ (page 48, paragraph 1) This is where we find out Uncle Dele has been missing for a week.
‘In front of them rows of gray stone steps led up to large glass doors. Behind a ground-level window, some students sat at long tables working on small clay sculptures. Carrying the holdall between them, they climbed up to the entrance and pushed open the heavy glass door.’ (page 59, paragraph 1) This is where the kids live for a few days until they get a permanent foster home.
‘It turned out to be a massive block of flats along an almost deserted road.’ (page 75, paragraph 4) ‘On the fifth floor he branched off down the passage and knocked softly at number 59’ (page 76, paragraph 2) This is where the kids live with their permanent foster parents.
‘Mr. and Mrs. King lived in a quiet road of redbrick houses with arched doorways and small front gardens behind hedges, not very far from Mrs. Graham’s flat.” (page 109, paragrpah 1) This is the school Femi gets enlisted in.
‘…looked back up at the three stories of the heavy old redbrick building. The ground floor with its lower windows protected by thick long bars made her think of a prison. It struck Sade that the only green in Greenslades Primary was in its name and the children’s paintings on the walls inside.’ (page 113, paragraph 1) This is where Sade went to school in London.
‘Avon school was bit far from Greenslades. Much newer, with ginger bricks, concrete and large plate-glass windows, it was set back from the road, also behind a high wire fence. Tall spiked gates opened on to a tarmac drive, lined on one side with a row of skeleton trees. Bushed bordering the dingy grass opposite looked as if they were chosen for their toughness. A few empty crisp packets on the drive and the grass provided the only patches of color.’ (page 113, paragraph 2) This is the prison papa stayed in when the government though he was trying to get into London illegally.
‘But how strange that his prison was near oxford!’ (page 166, paragraph 4)
“…they stared up at a six-meter-high wire fence topped with great loops of barbed wire. Behind the thick poled and the wire, a cluster of large brown brick buildings looked above a tarmac tard. Every window was barred. Was papa behind one of them? Waiting, watching. Impatiently they both searched the rows of windows, but the bars were too dense and the glass too dark to see anyone or anything.’ (page 167, paragraph 2) This is where Mr. Seven O’clock news talks to Sade and Femi.
‘Guided though the glass doors, past the desk and Mr. Buttons, into the light and through the corridors…’ (page 196, paragraph 3) Courage is shown by Folarin Solaja, by posting articles in the newspaper “Speak” in Nigeria about the corruption. Putting those articles in the newspaper could have killed him, and he knew about it. Even so, he did what was right and posted them for everyone to see. He had the courage to stand up to the government and say what was on his mind.
"The truth is the truth, how can i write what's untrue?" (Folarin Solaja, page 8, paragraph 5) Honesty is shown when Sade tells Mariam about stealing the lighter from Mariam’s uncle’s store. Even though she was told her brother would be harmed if she didn’t, she felt guilty about what she had done. And from her point of view Mariam did not know about her taking the lighter, so not telling her wouldn’t have had any negative effect. But she knew that telling Mariam was the right thing to do.
“I stole from your uncle’s shop-a lighter, a cigarette lighter.” (Sade Solaja, page 215, paragraph 2) In chapter 41 Folarin says “We’re not going to give up hope”(Folarin Solaja, page 245, paragraph 3), which is a great theme for a novel. He is referring to their homeland, and he is talking about how someday it will be free of corruption. He has faith in the world and knows that Nigeria will be free again and will be a great place to live in. Sade made a difference by helping her father get out of prison and back with them. She did this by attracting the public and getting the media on her side, making the authorities check her father’s case thoroughly before sending him back.
"Do you know, Sade and Femi, that you actually saved your papa?" (Uncle Dele, Page 243, paragraph 3) Even with Nigeria’s armed forces at the time, the Solajas persevered and made it out of Nigeria and safely into London to have a good life. Sade and Femi's mother are killed by the Nigerian Army Sade and Femi are sent to London, England Go to London College of Arts, Uncle Dele is missing Temporary foster parents are found, live with Mrs. Graham for a few days Tried to call Folarin in Nigeria, line is dead Mr. and Mrs. King are the new foster parents Sade and Femi are enlisted in school Sade meets Mariam Sade is bullied by Marcia and Donna Sade steals a ligher from Mariam's uncle's shop Mariam tells Sade about her past Folarin is in London, England Sade and Femi meet Papa in prison Sade Solaja Folarin Solaja Mariam Femi Solaja Marcia Mrs. Bankole Time Lagos, Nigeria London, England Victoria Station London College of Arts The King’s Home Mrs. Graham’s Flat Greenslade Primary School Avon school Television studio Heathlands prison Courage Honesty Hope Anyone Can Make a Difference Never Give Up The Nigerian government says papa killed his wife Sade and Femi talk to Mr. Seven O'clock News Sade tells Mariam she stole the ligher Mr. Seven O'clock News talks about their story on the air Folarin has been transported either to hospital or airport Papa has been granted asylum Papa, Sade and Femi live with the Kings Inciting Incident Rising Action Climax Falling Action Conclusion Lagos, Nigeria / Somalia London Corruption Nigeria and Somalia’s cultures affect many of the characters in this novel. During the time Nigeria and Somalia both had very corrupt governments, which is the reason Sade’s mother died. Also, this is the reason why Mariam’s father died. Throughout the book, we notice Sade having nightmares and traumatizing visions due to her mother being killed, and Femi is constantly trying to separate from Sade, possibly to try and forget about the past. Folarin sends Sade and Femi to London to avoid the corruption of the government of Nigeria. Teaching Styles Sade has talked about on various occasions the different styles of teaching used between Nigeria and London. She has said that the teachers were very laidback in London, while they were extremely strict in Nigeria. She says Nigeria constantly learned about other countries, unlike London. She has also talked about the students being very talkative and disruptive, and constantly arguing with the teachers in London, which is nothing compared to Nigerian ways of teaching. Communities In Nigeria, everyone in the village knew each other and everyone was friendly with one another. They would all get along and there would hardly be any disputes. Especially in school, since it was a smaller set of children. Sade has referred to the teachers in London to be nicer and friendlier than in Nigeria. She also says school is a lot easier, and that the kids are a lot more disrespectful and disruptive in London. Finally, She mentioned that schools in London do not teach the children about other countries like Nigeria enough, and she finds it terrible. Children in London hardly know anyone else except for people from school, and only have a small group of friends. There are many more children in a class, and most of them hardly know each other. Often, the novel shows school to be like a competition, to be the "coolest' person. An example of this is when Sade was made fun of when she first entered the classroom for having a weird pronunciation of her name.
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