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Telegraph/Morse Code

Social Studies Project
by

Ami Lert

on 18 January 2013

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Transcript of Telegraph/Morse Code

The Invention of the Telegraph/ Morse Code The telegraph was very important because it improved long distance communication. The telegraph allowed instant long distance communication for the very first time in history, and by the 20th century, all of long distance communication relied on the telegraph. Before the telegraph, the fastest way a message could get to a person was by horse, but even that was too slow. So Samuel Morse invented the telegraph. The telegraph also led to many other improvements like the telephone (created by Alexander Graham Bell), fax machine (invented by Alexander Bain), and the radio. By Amica Lertkitcharoenpon Advanced U.S History Period 5 Why was the Telegraph so important? This is an exact replica of the first telegraph Samuel Morse invented. This machine is called the electromagnetic pendulum. His first working telegraph was made in 1835. This machine Used a piece of paper and a pen/pencil to record the dots and dashes it received. The pencil was supposed to be in constant contact with the piece of paper so it could record things quickly. This model was not used often, but it led to newer and better models. This is a pencil recording the dots and dashes it is receiving. Can you see it? :-) Who invented the Telegraph and the Morse code? A man named Samuel Morse invented the telegraph and the Morse code. Samuel Morse was born April 7th, 1791, and died April 2nd 1872. The telegraph is a machine that receives and sends electrical pulses through wires. Each electrical pulse was a form of communication. Since nobody knew what these pulses meant, Samuel Morse came up with the Morse code too. The Morse code was a code of dots and dashes that stood for each letter of the alphabet. Once the telegraph was invented, it was one of the fastest ways of communication until more improvements and inventions were made. The Morse Code This is an example of the Morse code. The long electrical pulses are the dashes, and the short electrical pulses are the dots. There are many different types of Morse codes, because the telegraph could send messages all over the world. Each letter has a combination of dots and dashes to represent that letter. For example, "...---..." would stand for "sos". Who is Samuel Morse? Samuel Morse was born on April 7th, 1791. Before he invented the telegraph, he was a portrait painter. He attended Yale University and there he studied chemistry. Even though he was studying chemistry he has also been interested in electricity, and that led him to creating other ways of communication. Samuel Morse died on April 2nd, 1872, but he will always be remembered as the person who invented the telegraph. If the telegraph was not invented, what would it be like today? So what would it be like today if the telegraph was not invented? Well we wouldn't have the telephone or even cell phones if it weren't for the telegraph first. The telegraph is the base of almost all of the communication devices today. The telegraph definitely changed history forever because these days we are all about technology. Now we have Facebook, email, the telephone and much more to communicate with whenever and wherever we want.
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