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Lord of the Flies Chapter 9

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Joelle Li

on 20 May 2015

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Transcript of Lord of the Flies Chapter 9

Plot: Chapter 9 Summary
Setting
- In the entire chapter is in a process of a storm

- Chapter begins with hot air and a sky full of clouds

- Later, great winds blow and heavy rain falls upon the forest

- When the storm clears up Simon's body is found on the shore and the water tides carries his body out to sea
Conflict
-Roger imitated the pig, while the rest of the boys including Ralph and Piggy circled around Roger.
- The boys began chanting ‘“Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!’” During this, a beast (Simon) was coming out of the forest.
- He began telling them about the dead man on the mountain. The boys did not recognize Simon and they thought he was the beast.
- They started to attack him; screaming, biting, and tearing at him.
- The wind was so strong that it picked up the dead parachutist and carried his body into the sea. The boys seeing this got frightened and ran into the darkness.
- Simon’s body lay there on the sand, and then a tide came picked up his body and carried him into the sea.
The End
Lord of the Flies
Chapter 9: A View to a Death
Characters
Joelle Li, Josie Pisani, Shannon Korkmaz
Lord of the Flies
- written by William Golding

- published on September 17, 1954

- categorized as an allegorical speculative fiction
Conflict
Themes
Themes
Symbolism
Quote Analysis
Quote Analysis
Quote Analysis
- As the plot of the story grows, the storm simultaneously intensifies

- Golding uses the setting to foreshadow the bad events that are to come in the later chapters
Character vs. Character
- Present between the characters Jack and Ralph
- Both believe they are the best chief; results in an obvious struggle for power
- Jack believes he will be a better leader
- He believes he can protect the group from the beast using violence and savagery
- Ralph also believes he will be a better leader
- He believes he will be able to keep civility on the island through justice and order
- Another conflict, is between Simon and the boys.
- The boys are in a frenzy state during the feast and they mistaken Simon as a beast.
- Simon screams and desperately try to remind the boys of who he is. The boys end up killing Simon with their bare hands.
- One of the most bloody and gruesome conflicts
- Is regarded as the climax of the book.
- The boys have transitioned into total savages and have lost all civility and sanity.
Character vs. Self
- Ralph and Piggy both encounter internal conflict
- They go to the feast in the hopes to retain civility on the island, and also to gain some power.
- However, the opposite occurs as the boys tempt them, and gain power over them instead.
- Although they do not agree with Jack and his actions, they feel a strong primal urge to join them.
- Ralph and Piggy even play a role in Simon’s brutal death.
- Throughout the entire ordeal, both boys struggle with their willpower, and have an internal conflict
- The boys need to choose to either follow Ralph or Jack’s leadership.
- After the feast, Jack asks the boys to leave Ralph's tribe and to join his instead.
- He reminds them that he can provide meat, and more importantly, he is able to protect them from the beast
- Essentially this conflict is between being civilized (Ralph's leadership) or being savage Jack's leadership)
- All notions of civilization fall apart when the majority of the boys choose Jack.
- Civility is present in society when citizens follow rules, in order to achieve peace and order. In general, the common is valued.
- This is demonstrated through Ralph and Piggy because they strive for order and justice (uses the conch)
- Savagery occurs when rules are disregarded and people act upon their instincts instead. The common good is not valued.
- This is represented through Jack as he does not follow rules but instead acts on his primal instincts (disregards the conch)
- These characters and the values they represent, are often caught in conflict.
- Evident when Ralph and Piggy go to the feast hoping to retain civility on the island.
- However it becomes clear that Jack and his tribe have no intention to listen.
- On the contrary, they have lost all sense of morality and have become completely savage.
- At the feast the boys are asked to choose either Jack or Ralph as a leader, which is essentially a conflict between civility and savagery.
- The conflict escalates when Ralph and Piggy succumb to Jack’s barbaric lifestyle. They join in on the tribes dancing, chanting, and even play a role in Simon’s vicious death.
- Ultimately, Simon’s death represents savagery completely prevailing over civility.

Civility vs. Savagery
Loss of Innocence
- The young boys are from England where they are often protected by forces such as their family.
- The boys were guarded from many of the cruelties that existed, such as those present within human beings.
- On the island they have no one to protect them from these cruelties.
- Many of the boys misinterpret this dark force as a physical beast, when the true evil is one that resides in them all.
- At the feast, the boys are overcome by this internal darkness, it causes their loss of innocence to increase.
- This is evident when they take part in the chant, “Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!” (152) .
- Their total loss of innocence becomes clear through the gruesome murder of Simon.
- A storm is coming towards the island making it dark and cloudy.
- Simon gets up and starts walking through the forest, when he comes across the dead parachutist that the boys had mistaken for the beast.
- Simon immediately felt sick, and after vomiting he freed the parachutist from the tree he was tangled in.
- Simon after seeing this headed towards the boys to tell them that the beast was not real.
- Everybody except for Ralph, Piggy, Simon, and the two tending the pigs were grouped on the turf.
- A log had been pulled into the middle of the lawn and Jack, “painted and garland, sat there like an idol” (164).
- As Ralph and Piggy arrived at the party the boys fell silent, that was until two boys running with meat ran into Piggy allowing everyone to laugh.
- Jack called a meeting. The boys sat in rows on the grass, except for Ralph and Piggy who stood a foot lower on the sand.
- Ralph and Jack argued back and forth about who should be in charge and which tribe the boys should join.
- All the boys became restless and Jack stepped into take leadership. He told all the boys to do their dance.
Simon

- Simon represents purity
- He represents true spiritual human goodness and acts upon the value of morality
- He is a Christlike figure, representing Jesus Christ
- He sees the evil and savagery within the boys on the island
- Simon, like Jesus, tries to save the others from themselves but is killed
- His murder represents the savagery and abundance of evil that is taking over the rest of the boys on the island
Absence of the Conch

- The absence of the conch represents an absence of authority, order and civilization
- The conch was used and had enough power to make the boys follow and listen to rules
- Jack rises to power with its absence
- The conchs absence results in Simon’s death
“[The boys] found themselves eager to take a place in this demented but partly secure society. They were glad to touch the brown backs of the fence that hemmed in the terror and made it governable” (9.86).
- Ralph and Piggy feel tempted to join the the tribe while they reenactment the murder of the pig
- Though they have continuously fought for civility, they are clearly affected by the tribe and their behavior
- They have become attracted to the idea of joining Jack’s tribe as they believe they could be a part of their society.
- It reminds them of society and governments that existed back in England.
- Mirrors the internal struggle that Ralph and Piggy experience throughout chapter 9
- Also mirrors the dark desires and impulses that all the characters have experienced throughout this play.
Jack spoke.
"Give me a drink."
Henry brought him a shell and he drank, watching Piggy and Ralph over the jagged rim. Power lay in the brown swell of his forearms: authority sat on his shoulder and chattered in his ear like an ape. (9.52-54)
- Shows the difference between Jack and Ralph’s character
- Jack uses his power selfishly and to have the boys tend to his needs as if he's a king
- Ralph used his power for the good of all the boys
- Jack’s power influences the boys to become less civilized and more savage
“The beast struggled forward, broke the ring and fell over the steep edge of the rock to the sand by the water. At once the crowd surged after it, poured down the rock, leapt on to the beast, screamed, struck, bit, tore. There were no words, and no movement but the tearing of teeth and claws” (169).
- This quotation shows conflict between the good and evil among the boys.
- Simon represents goodness and the other boys represent evil.
- Through Simon's barbaric murder, it is evident that there is no goodness or innocence left among the boys
- They have turned savage through the killing of not only pigs, but of other humans as well
- Their once civil lives are slowly disappearing and they are now acting upon instinct.
Piggy

- Short and over weight
- Glasses
- Asthma
- Smartest among the boys
- Represents order and democracy tries to keep peace
- Wants civilization among the boys (stays by Ralph’s side)
- Lacks social skills
- Does not fit in with the other boys
- Desires clear sightedness and civilization
- Joins in with the others when they become savage and violent towards Simon
Ralph

- 12 years old
- Fair haired
- Leader
- Charismatic
- Protagonist
- Main wish/goal is to be rescued
- Represent the struggle for order and democracy
- Wants to keep civilization amount the boys, even though its already gone
- Starts to fight with Jack about who should be the leader
- Starts losing power, as Jack is gaining it
- Joins in with the others when they start to become violent, even though he’s against it
- Also starts to attack Simon and be violent
Simon

- Younger than Ralph but older than the littuns
- Good, pure and kind
- Most positive outlook and also stays positive (rescue)
- Embodies a spiritual human goodness
- Acts morally because he believes in the inherit value of morality
- Represents essential human goodness
- Trying to bring/keep peace in the group
- Assures them that there is no beast
- Dies before he gets to share his words
- Some readers see a resemblance of Simon to Jesus
- Sees beauty and peace in the forest
- Appreciates the nature and life on the island, unlike the other boys
- Brutally murdered by the boys
Jack

- 12 years old
- His body is tall, thin, and bony
- Has red hair light blue eyes
- Freckled face
- Strong willed
- Egomaniac
- Savage
- Antagonist
- Loves violence and authority
- Harbors emotions of anger and savagery
- The more savage he becomes, the more he can control the group
- Wants everyone to join his tribe
- Cares about hunting and killing
- Is obsessed with the idea of blood and darkness
- Wants to be the leader and man in charge
- Represents the instinct of savagery, violence and desire for power
Characters
Full transcript