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Unethical Behavior in Sports

Examining the issues, policies, and solutions related to unethical behavior in the world of sports

Jeremy Weitzman

on 7 April 2013

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Transcript of Unethical Behavior in Sports

Literature Review Penn. State
Child Sex Abuse Scandel Intro/Overview -Literature Review

-Practical Recommendations

-Ethical Principles Group 4 Johnel Bryant
Nick Pettit
Meekaael Sadat
Luke Thuston
Jeremy Weitzman Practical Recommendations University of Miami (FL.) Ethical Principles National Intramural and Recreational Sports Association (NIRSA) Member Code of Ethics Reflection/Conclusion 1. Unethical behavior occurs when any of the rules of conduct are not followed by an individual that is a part of an organization at any time.
Evidence of unethical behavior has been a tragedy to sports.
Every person involved in an organization should have a high regard for the principles of ethics.
2. Ethics is a moral principle relating to issues of right and wrong and concepts about how individuals should act at all times.
Sports organizations have a difficult time with ethics because every person that is associated with an organization has the chance and opportunity to make ethical decisions on their own at any given time.
All the people we talked about have all made been making poor ethical decisions
I believe they have been making unethical decisions because these organizations they do not have a strong tradition of ethical schooling.
3. The administration needs find a better way to establish the teachings of proper ethical behavior to its employees on a more regular basis.

The Ethics Test and Mission Statements

1. A mission statement is a formal document that states the objectives of an organization and is perceived to be followed on a daily basis by everyone that is a part of the association.
Ethical behavior theoretically should to be one of the main focuses in any mission statement that is written for an organization to follow.
But a mission statement is not enough if it is not understood and implemented into the heart and actions of the everyone inside of that organization.
2. That is why these teachings need to be implemented in a more consistent way to all the employees of an organization
This will lead everyone making the proper ethical decisions and all moving in the same direction of common goals that the organization wants to accomplish.
A more formal teaching of ethics to an organization that is perceived to be followed on a daily basis by everyone that is a part of the association.
3. When certain individuals that are a part of any organization breaks these ethical teachings and laws of the governing body they need to be more aware of the penalties and infractions
They need to understand that unethical behavior will result in individual consequences as well as bring about poor reflections on the organization as a whole in which they are representatives for. KIN 360: Group Presentation Unethical Behavior in Sports Steroids University of Southern California Penn. State Sex Abuse Scandal - Child Molestation case involving football coaches and administrative staff covering up the story Steroids in Baseball Big Name Players Found Guilty of Use of PEDs University of Miami (FL.) Football Team Ponzi Scheme Involving a Booster and Many Football Players, Some Are Current Stars in NFL Illegal Benefits to Athletes at University of Southern California Illegal benefits were given to star players from the football and basketball teams at USC as well as their families National Intramural and Recreational Sports Association (NIRSA) Member Code of Ethics Main objectives focus on:
Fulfilling professional obligations
Member relations with employers and employees
Providing programs and services AASP Ethical Principles and Standards General principles are:
Professional and scientific responsibility
Respect for people’s rights and dignity
Concern for other’s welfare
Social responsibility AASP Ethical Principles and Standards Josephson’s Six Pillars of Character Trustworthiness
Citizenship Josephson’s Six Pillars of Character Sandusky was indicted in 2011 on 52 counts of child molestation dating from 1994 to 2009

Many Penn State officials were fired and the school isn’t able to go to a bowl for four years and lost many scholarships

It was said that one of the assistants walked in on one of these incidents and kept quiet about it and that in itself is obviously unethical because he should of went to officials immediately

It was also proven that their head coach, Joe Paterno, was informed about the situation but it was before a big game so he didn’t say anything about it when he should have. As a result of the allegations and findings, the university took down the statue of Joe Paterno, who was a legend at the school The crisis in top-level sport with its "winning-at-all-cost-mentality" stands in contrast to ethical and moral behavior. It is argued that the so-called "unethical" practices are an expected outgrowth of top-level sport in modern society

Since sport is interwoven with the socio-cultural norms and values of a given society, generic sport ethics cannot help to solve the problems in top-level sport.

Rather, codes of ethical conduct have to take into account the particular social and cultural framework. Not only does this wrong behavior affect organization and schools but also the fans. Seek to extend public awareness of the profession and its achievements.

Be true in writing, reporting and duplicating information and give proper credit to the contributions of the others.

Encourage integrity by avoiding involvement or condoning activities that may degrade the Association, its members or any affiliate agency.

Perform dutifully the responsibilities of professional membership and of any offices or assignments to which appointed or elected.

Encourage cooperation with other professional associations, educational institutions and agencies.

Practice nondiscrimination on the basis of diversity related to age, disability, ethnicity, gender, national origin, race, religion, and sexual orientation. Promote and implement the concept of equal opportunity and fairness in employment practices and program administration.

Refrain from exploiting individuals, institutions or agencies for personal or professional gain.

Secure the trust of employees by maintaining, in confidence, privileged information until properly released.

Support the contributions of fellow employees by properly crediting their achievements.

Assist and encourage the education of employees in the area of professional development. Endeavor to offer the safest and highest quality program achievable with available resources.

Take responsibility for employing qualified individuals in positions that require special credentials and/or experience.

Strive to keep abreast of current skills and knowledge and encourage innovation in programming and administration.

Promote integrity by accepting gratuities for service of no more than nominal value.

Encourage promotion of the ideals of Recreational Sports by incorporating such values as sportsmanship, fair play, participation, and an atmosphere which promotes equitable opportunity for all. General Principles Competence: make appropriate use of scientific, professional, technical, and administrative resources and provide only those services and use only those techniques for which you are qualified by education, training, or experience

Integrity: be honest and fair when describing or reporting your qualifications, services, products, fees, research, or teaching, and do not make statements that are false, misleading, or deceptive

Professional and scientific responsibility: uphold professional standards of conduct and accept appropriate responsibility for your behavior

Respect for people’s rights and dignity: be aware of cultural, individual, and role differences, including those due to age, gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, and socioeconomic status

Concern for other’s welfare: attempt to resolve conflicts and perform roles in a responsible fashion that avoids or minimizes harm

Social responsibility: strive to advance human welfare and their profession while always protecting the rights of the participants Trustworthiness: Build trust and credibility with integrity (consistency between beliefs, words and actions), honesty (truthfulness, sincerity and candor), promise-keeping, and loyalty (fidelity to family, friends, and country).

Respect: Honor the worth and dignity of all individuals. Treat others the way you would want to be treated. Act courteously, civilly, peaceably, and nonviolently. Be tolerant and accepting of differences. Avoid rude, offensive, and abusive words and actions.

Responsibility: Be accountable for your words, actions, and attitudes. Exercise self-control. Strive for excellence and self-improvement. Plan ahead. Set a good example for others. Be self-reliant, prudent, proactive, persistent, and hard-working.

Fairness: Be consistent, open, and treat all people equitably. Consider all sides and make decisions on the facts without favoritism or prejudice. Play by the rules, avoid careless accusations, and don’t take undue advantage of others. Pursue justice and condemn injustice.

Caring: Be kind, compassionate, empathetic, charitable, forgiving, and grateful.

Citizenship: Obey laws in good faith. Do your share to improve the well-being of fellow citizens and the community. Protect the environment, volunteer, and participate in the processes of democracy by staying informed and voting. The Mitchell Report Former Senator, George J. Mitchell's 21-month investigation into the use of anabolic steroids and human growth hormone (HGH) in Major League Baseball
It came out in December 2007, that many former and current Major League Baseball players were on that list. Alex Rodriguez was one of them. He had denied taking them for years until this report came out
Players after injury, which in this case was Alex’s excuse often, go to these drugs to get back to top shape and unfortunately it ruins the game.
Is it ironic that Andy Pettite came out and admitted to it? I feel like he felt guilty because he had seen so many players that he was aware of doing this same thing that he came out and told the world. Rodger Clemens who pitched for the Yankees for quite some time has been in a big controversy with steroids and lying to a grand jury and he also was a Yankee Starting in 2002, University of Miami booster, Nevin Shapiro, ran a Ponzi scheme worth more than $930 million.

A Ponzi scheme is a fraudulent investment operation that pays its investors from the investments of other investors.

Nevin Shapiro’s Ponzi scheme that ran 8 years until 2010 included many benefits for players and sometimes even coaching staff such as cash, prostitutes, expensive jewelry, night clubs, yachts, mansions, and one time even an abortion. Shapiro provided impermissible benefits for over 70 athletes

Some of Shapiro’s more expensive gifts included paying for players to go out on his $1.6 million yacht. He would pay to stock the boat with food and drink as well as pay for captain’s fees and gas When the players were not partying on his boat or at his house, Shapiro paid for the players to go out to strip clubs and nightclubs, where he would spend plenty of cash and charge thousands of dollars to his credit card.

On one occasion, he even paid for a dancer at a strip club to have sex with one of the players. Without knowing, the player got the woman pregnant and Shapiro paid for her to have an abortion without bringing the player back into the situation. While the players and the staff with knowledge of what’s going on aren’t going to say anything, the university officials who are in charge of monitoring the interactions between student athletes and the boosters must be more vigilant in their efforts, especially the Development and Public Relations Director and the university’s compliance officers.

One way that the Director of Development and Public Relations could try and shore up the compliance of the boosters is to screen for certain desirable traits during the hiring process. Another way to try and make sure that the university’s athletic department complies with all NCAA regulations is to put something about compliance with the NCAA in the athletic department’s mission statement.

We must remember that it is not only the boosters who are to blame for this; it is also the players who have a say in whether or not they accept these impermissible benefits. Student athletes need to know what they can and cannot accept in term of extra benefits and the penalties they potentially face by accepting improper gifts. It would be wise for all NCAA-affiliated universities to hold seminars for all new student athletes so that they can be informed of what is acceptable and what is not. Reggie Bush and O.J. Mayo were both top performing college athletes during their stay at USC. Unfortunately, both highly talented athletes were found in the middle of a NCAA investigation.

On April of ’06, the Pac-10 launched an investigated after hearing that Bush's family had been allegedly been living in a San Diego-area home owned by Reggie’s future sports agent, Michael Michaels.

Later that year, allegations surfaced that marketing agents had paid for Bush to stay in expensive hotels and had also gave him money. The following year, The San Diego Union-Tribune reported that Bush signed a contract, which included a non-disclosure clause with Michael Michaels for $200,000 to $300,000.

In November of ’07, documents went public to prove that Bush and his family had received over $290,000 in cash and additional considerations. It was reported in May ‘08 that Rodney Guillory, a promoter, had provided O.J. Mayo with a television, cell phone, cash, clothes and other gifts since Mayo was in high school.

After the FBI had attained past credit card statements, this report was proven to be true. USC should have established clear standards to athletes of moral behavior. They should have publicized these standards in every way possible. This would ensure that the athlete and those around the around the athlete are aware of the rules and regulations.

Next, USC could have encouraged employees & athletes to periodically examine and review their individual moral judgments through self-examinations. Branching from that, support networks could have been provided to employees and athletes as well. This would allow employees and athletes to consult with each other during and after decision-making processes.

Last but not least, USC should have emphasized that breaking the code of conduct will not be tolerated.

The resulting actions of USC’s infractions proved to be a severe punish for the athletic program. By failing to keep ethical control of their athletes, the NCAA penalized the USC Football Program, including a two-year postseason ban, and the loss of 10 scholarships for the next three seasons. They also were forced to vacate wins from Dec. 2004 through the 2005 season. This amounts to thirteen victories and one Bowl Victory.

The Basketball Program received punishment from USC by forfeiting victories, money, and sat out postseason play in 2010. Jerry Sandusky Article I: Fulfilling Professional Obligations Article II: Relations with employers and employee staff Article III: Providing Programs and Services
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