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Does Parkinson's disease involve genetics?
Transcript of Does Parkinson's disease involve genetics?
What is parkinson's?
The causes of Parkinson's disease
Parkinson's disease is mainly caused by loss of neurons that produce a chemical messenger in your brain called dopamine. When dopamine levels drop, it causes abnormal brain activity which leads to signs of Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's disease is still unknown but there is factors that might cause this disease. One factor has to do with genes. In "What causes Parkinson's diseases?", the article says "Researchers have identified specific genetic mutations that can cause Parkinson's disease, but these are uncommon except in rare cases with many family members affected by Parkinson's disease ". This evidence is saying that Parkinson's disease can be caused by genetic mutation but cases like these are rare. Another factor that can cause Parkinson's disease is Environmental triggers. Exposure to certain toxins or environmental factors may increase the risk of later Parkinson's disease but the risk is very small. Overall, these are the two main factors that cause Parkinson's disease.
Symptoms of Parkinson's and Treatments
Parkinson's disease history
Parkinson's disease is a progressive disorder of the nervous system that affects movement. It develops gradually, sometimes with a barely noticeable shaking in one hand. Once your body starts shaking, it's impossible to make it stop since it gets worse over time. Parkinson's disease also causes slow movement and stiffness. The condition affects about 1 to 2 percent of people over the age of 60 years and the chance of developing PD increases as we age.
Symptoms of Parkinson's disease vary from person to person. Many of symptoms are due to a loss of neurons that produce a chemical messenger in your brain called dopamine. Parkinson's disease early signs and symptoms may include Tremor or shaking (Usually begins with the hand), slowed movement with body, rigid muscles, impaired posture, sweating, problems with balance, speech/mood changes and overall trembling. There are many treatments and medications for symptoms of Parkinson's disease but there is still no cure to reverse the disease. Treatments for Parkinson's disease consist of medications to increase dopamine, Antidepressant, Cognition-enhancing medication, Anti-tremor, and self care (physical care). These treatments will help the person slow down the tremor and make them calm.
Parkinson's disease was first found in 1817 by a London doctor named James Parkinson after whom it named Parkinson's disease. Since then, The Parkinson's disease foundation was established in Am Around 1960s, Parkinson's disease patients were being researched on. After more research has been conducted in the 1960s, doctors and scientists knew a fair amount of how patients got Parkinson's disease and what was the cause of it. Late 1960s, the first treatment was available which was called Levedopa. Levedopa was the "gold standard" in medication because it treated symptoms of Parkinson's disease.
Who gets affected by Parkinson's disease?
People who get affected by Parkinson's disease are over age 60 compared with one to two percent in the general population. You have a higher chance getting Parkinson's disease when you're getting older. It's common for males to get Parkinson's disease than women. The disease is mostly in Finland. Finland has the highest death rates for Parkinson's disease. The range limit with Parkinson's disease is between from 50 to 80 years old. There's rare cases that Parkinson's disease is inherited. But for the most part, Parkinson's disease can not be passed on. Also it can't be sexually transmitted or passed on to a person like a cold.
Why did I want to research Parkinson's disease?
I was interested in studying Parkinson's disease because I wanted to know how people dealt with this disease since there's no cure for it yet. I also wanted to know how people got this disease in the first place and if it can pass through family. Another reason why Parkinson's disease seemed interesting was because one of my favorite actors, Micheal J. Fox, has this disease. Therefore, I was really curious how he got it and he deals with the disease.