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The Aztecs

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Malina Rondilla

on 11 February 2014

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Transcript of The Aztecs

1520 A.D.
Montezuma dies from smallpox

The Aztecs, according to legend, was little over barbarians when they arrived in the Anahuac valley around the Lake of Texcoco, and the on way they gained knowledge was from the people of Toltec, an ancient civilisation who dominated a state in Tula, during ca 800-1000 ce. One of the creation myths was known as the Five Suns, which was 4 catastrophes that happened towards their present world. Another creation myth was called The Fifth Age, or Nahui-Ollin in the ancient tongue. This was thought to have begun in the ancient city of Teotihuacan, when all gods have agreed to self sacrifice themselves and create a new and improved age, by doing so, they wouldve set time moving again and create motion in the already made sun and moon. The biggest and most handsomest god Tecuciztecati was too scared to jump in fire to sacrifice himself, whilest the humblest and smallest of the god Nanahuati jumped in and became the sun, whilst Tecuciztecati, overcome by shame and guilt, jumped in and became the moon.
Gods are known to the ancient people fo Mexica as Teotl, they were thought to be mysterious and
holds aspects of godly and supernatural powers. Religion was held in levels in the ancient city of the Aztecs; on festivals such as the Feast of Ochpaniztli, commoners sweeped the streets and bathed ritually, while as on the Feast of Huey Tozozli, the ruler has to ascent Mt Tlaloc with his high priests to engage in sacrificial activities. The most special festival is The New Fire ceremony, where citizens were to put out fires, destroy house utensils, and recieve fire from the bonfire on top of Mt Huixachtlan, while lit on a sacrificed person by the Tlatoani.

The people of Mexica had clothing that was described to be made from exquisite materials depending on the wealth of the owner, they contain intricate patterns and designs and were rich in color. They were mostly made by women, using a weaving technique that allows cotton to be woven around a stick and weighted down in order to make thread. Using this technique, it allows the making of capes and loin clothes for men of statuses, while dresses with sleeveless blouses and long skirts for the women. The headdress that many wore was also made using thread, however feather were added on in order to show off the wealth of the owner.
The Aztec warriors mostly consisted of commoners who have decided to server in military after school who possess military trainings, and a lesser amount of elite warriors who were ranked according to their achievements and guards of the nobility. Every Aztec male was forced to enter military training and the only way to step up ranks for commoners were to achieve high standards in the military force, especially the killing and taking captives of enemy tribes. For the Aztecs, warfare is the power that sustains economy and religion, since after their establishment of Tenochtitlan, they hired themselves to nearby tribes as warriors. There were two objectives in the prime of the Aztec civilisation; one was to conquer enemy lands and to take their resources such as food and water, while two was to capture captives and to take them back for human sacrifices, which were the only two options for a soldier to rise up in ranks.
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