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Transcript of Paris Monuments
-It is one of the most famous Roman Catholic Churches in the world.
-Construction in 1163, and Notre Dame would be completed some 100 years later, in 1272.
-It is a Gothic Style cathedral.
-Its architecture is very unique. It was one of the first architectural monuments to use the flying-buttress, which are arched-exterior supports.
La Tour Eiffel
- La Tour Eiffel, or otherwise in English known as the Eiffel Tower is probably Paris' most well known landmark.
-It was built in 1889 as the entrance arch for the World's Fair and it wasn't supposed to be a permanent structure as it was thought of as "ugly".
-Until 1930 it was the worlds tallest structure.
-It is 1,050 feet high.
-Over 250 million visitors have traveled up the Eiffel Tower since its opening.
Some facts about Paris:
- Paris is the capital and the largest city in France with a population over 2 million.
-Paris is very famous for being a lead city in business, culture, art, politics, education, media, and science.
-Paris has many nicknames, the most famous one being "The City of Lights"
-Paris is located in the French region, Ile-de-France.
-There are 20 arrondissements. Arrondissements are districts within Paris.
-Le Louvre is an art museum in Paris.
-It is located in the Louvre Palace, which was built in the 12th century as a fortress under Philip II
-The Mona Lisa is in the Louvre.
-Currently there are about 35,000 works of art!
- At the turn of the 19th century, there were two train stations that were built in Paris, the Gare de Lyon and the Gare d'Orsay.
- By 1939 trains were too long and the Gare d'Orsay was no longer usable as a train station.
-The station was then abandoned by the former French President Pompidou saved it from demolition and then the next President, Giscard d'Estaing made it into a museum to hold art from the 19th and 20th century.
-It contains artwork from Degas, Rodin, Monet, Manet, Renoir, Cezanne, Van Gogh and others.
L'Arc de Triomphe
-L'Arc de Triomph stands in the middle of the Place Charles de Gaulle and at the end of the Champs-Elysees.
-The Arc honors those who fought in the French Revolution and in the Napoleonic wars.
-Underneath it lies the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier from WWI.
-Construction began in 1806 and finished
The city of lights...
Le Musee D'Orsay
Les Champs Elysees
-The Champs Elysees is one of the most famous streets in the world with one of the most expensive real estate markets.
-It is known for its cafes, cinemas, and luxury shops.
-The French monuments L'Arc de Triomphe and Place de la Concord are located on the Champs Elysees.
-Montmartre is a hill in the North of Paris.
-It is known for it's Basilica of the Sacre Coeur.
-There is also another church on the hill that is called Saint Pierre de Montmartre which claims to be the place where the Jesuit order of priests was founded.
-There are many artists who had studios in the neighborhood such as Monet, Dali, Van Gough, and Picasso.
La Basilique Sacre Coeur
- A Roman Catholic church and a minor basilica dedicated to the heart of Jesus.
-Construction was completed in 1914 and its architectural style is Romano-Byzatine
-A railway system in Paris that is mostly underground.
-There are 301 stations.
-It has one of the densest metro networks in the world.
-There are at total of 16 lines.
-The first line opened in 1900 for the World Fair.
-Most of the lines that are in service today were completed by the 1920s.
- A former royal palace and prison in France
-Hundreds of prisoners of the French Revolution were taken from "La Conciergerie" to the guillotine.
-It is part of a larger complex called La Palais de Justice.
-Marie Antoinette was a prisoner there.
-After the French Revolution, "La Conciergie" was not the same but it started restoration in the 19th century.
Le Centre Georges Pompidou
- Le Centre Georges Pompidou is an art museum that opened in 1977.
-Most water pipes, escalators and air conditioning is located on the outer part of the building to leave more room for artwork in the interior.
-Le Centre Georges Pompidou also has a library and a book store.
-Some of the featured artists include Matisse, Kadinsky, Miró and Picasso.
-Has over 59,000 works of art that are mostly from the 20th century.
L'Ile de la Cite
- One of the two remaining islands on the Seine river in Paris.
- The center of Paris and where the medieval city was refounded.
-Notre Dame de Paris is on L'Ile de la Cite.
-Pont Neuf, which is the oldest bridge that was built under Henry IV's reign in Paris connects to L'Ile de la Cite.
Memorial de la Deportation
- A memorial for the 200,000 people deported from Vichy to the Nazi concentration camps in WWII.
-It has a long and narrow space which is meant to have a feeling of claustrophobia.
-It opened in 1962.
La Place de la Concorde
-One of the major public squares in Paris.
-Designed by Anges-Jaques Gabriel in 1755.
-During the time of design there were many fountains and it was names Place Louis XV, because he was the king at the time.
-During the French Revolution, King Louis XV's statue was torn down and the area was renamed Place de la Revolution.
-It was the place of the guillotine and many famous people were executed there such as Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, and Robespierre.
La Place Vendome
- A square in the 1st arrondissement that was laid out in Paris in 1702.
-The Vendome Column was put up by Napoleon I in order to commemorate the battle of Austerlitz.
-It was torn down in 1871 but then put up again and it remains in the square's center.
Le Pont Neuf
-Le Pont Neuf translates to "New Bridge" is actually the oldest bridge in Paris.
-Construction began in 1578 and ended in 1607.
-Throughout the 18th century, Pont Neuf was the center of Paris for both crime and commerce.
-There is an Equestrian statue of Henry IV
- Les arrondissements are 20 municipal areas in Paris.
-They are arranged in a form of a clockwise spiral starting in the center of the cities.
-Usually the first arrondissements are the more expensive parts of the city.
Le Grand Palais
-Le Grand Palais was built in 1897.
-It is a large historical site, an exhibition site, and a museum.
-It was built for the Universal Exposition of 1900.
-The Palais was used at a hospital in WWI.
-During WWII the Nazis used it for propaganda exhibitions.
- France's high speed train.
-First developed in the 1970s.
-It is the fastest wheeled train in the world and it hit speeds of 357mph.
-Usually it goes only 200mph
- A Marketplace that was originally an open air market.
- Now it is like a shopping area.
Les Champs de Mars
-An underground ossuary in Paris.
-Holds the remains of about 6 million people.
-It fills renovated sections of caverns, tunnels, and the old Paris stone mines.
-It has been open to the public since the 18th century.
La Cimetiere Pere La Chaise
-Originally built in 1790 to be a church for Saint Genevieve.
-Plans changed and it was changed to a mausoleum and holds the remains of distinguished French citizens.
-Some of those whose remains are there are: Voltaire, Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Émile Zola, Jean Moulin, Maria Curie, Louis Braille, Jean Jaurès and Soufflot, its architect.
Le Jardin de Tuileries
-A public garden located between Le Louvre and Place de la Concorde.
-Created by Catherine de Medicis as the garden of the Tuileries Palace in 1564.
-It became a public park after the French Revolution.
- A Roman Catholic Church first commissioned in 1757.
-Chopin has his funeral there.
La Place des Vosges
- La Place des Vosges is the oldest planned square in Paris.
-Built by Henry IV from 1695 to 1612.
-Inagurated in 1612 to celebrate the wedding of Louis XIII and Anne of Austria.
-A complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France, containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building's original purpose.
-La Defense is the business district in Paris.
-Holds most of Paris' high-rise skyscrapers.
Le Pont Alexandre III
-A bridge built between 1896 and 1900.
-Named after Tsar Alexendre III, who concluded the Franco-Russian alliance.
-It is the most ornate bridge in Paris.
Ile Saint Louis
-One of the two islands on the Seine river in Paris.
-Named after King Louis IX.
-The island was previously for stocking wood and grazing market cattle.
-This is probably the most calmest places in Paris as it is mostly residential with a few shops, cafes, and restaurants.
- Founded in 1257 as the University of Paris by Robert de Sorbon.
-One of the first universities in medieval
-La Sorbonne was closed during the French Revolution,
opened by Napoleon I, and finally closed again in 1882.
-It now serves as higher education and research institutions.
-A large greenspace/park between La Tour Eiffel and L'Ecole Militaire.
-Formally used as drill and marching grounds for the French military.
-The largest cemetery in the city of Paris.
-Established in 1804.
-Jean de la Fontaine and Moliere's remains are in this cemetery.