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English Tenses

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T&R English

on 11 November 2012

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Transcript of English Tenses

THE TENSES infinitive + ed

When do we use the simple past ?
- if an action followed an other action in the past
- if an action over

Examples:
Positive: I/ They/ We visited a museum.
He/ She/ It visited a museum.
Did you visit a museum?
Did he/ she/ it visit a museum?
Negative: I/ They/ We didn't visit a museum.
He/ She/ It didn't visit a museum.
Didn't you visit a museum?
Didn't he/ she/ it visit a museum? infinitive + (He, She, It -> s)

When do we use the simple present ?
- if somethings happens regularly, always, every Day, often or sometimes
- by a permanent condition
- by feelings or minds

Examples:
Positive: I/ They/ We play tennis.
He/ She/ It play´s tennis.
Do you play tennis?
Does he/ she/ It play´s tennis?
Negative: I/ They/ We do not play tennis.
He/ She/ It doesn´t play tennis.
Don´t you play tennis?
Doesn´t he/ she/ it play´s tennis? The simple present am, is, are + infinitive + -ing

When do we use the present progressive ?
- if something happens at the moment

Examples:
Positive: I/ They/ We are eating an apple.
He/ She/ It is eating an apple.
Are you eating an apple?
Is he/ she/ it eating an apple?
Negative: I/ They/ We are not eating an apple
He/ She/ It isn´t eating an apple.
Are you not eating an apple ?
Is he/ she/ it not eating an apple? The present Progressive The simple past The past progressive was, were + infinitive + -ing when do we use the past progressive?
- often by a long action in the past
- sometimes this action is stopped by a short action

Examples:
Positive: In the afternoon he/ she/ was explaining
the rules to the kids.
At six o´clock I/ they/ we were listening
to the rules.
Was he/ she/ it explaining the rules to the kids?
When were they/ you listening to the rules?
Negative: In the morning he/ she/ it wasn´t driving with
the bus.
In the evening they/ i/ we were not missing the bus.
Wasn´t he/ she/ it driving with the bus in the morning?
Weren´t you missing the bus in the evening? The present perfect have, has + past participle

when do we use the present perfect ?
- if a result important for the present
- if an action in the past till now

Examples:
Positive: He/ She/ It has cooked a meal for his/ her guests.
They/ I/ We have seen a falling star.
Has he/ she/ it cooked a meal for today?
Where have they/ you seen the falling star?
Negative: He/ She/ It hasn´t spoken with the manager,
about the problem.
They/ I/ We haven´t never forgotten the homework.
Hasn´t he/ she/ it spoken with the manager?
Haven´t they/ you never forgotten the homework? The present perfect
progressive have, has + been + infinitive + -ing

when do we use the present perfect progressive?
- will an action accented from the past
- action is up to the present

Examples:
Positive:
He/ She/ It has been learning a new language.
They/ I/ We have been visiting the October festival.
Has he/ she/ it been learning a new language?
How long have they/ you been to the October festival?
Negative:
He/ She/ It hasn´t been watching the new film for two days.
They/ I/ We havn´t been traveling to an other continent.
Why hasn´t he/ she/ it been visiting our aunt?
Haven´t they/ you been traveling? had + past participle

when do we use the past perfect?
- accented that an action was after or before an other action
(both actions happened in the past)
- often in combination with the simple past

Examples:
Positive:
Before he/ she/ it ate the dinner he/ she/ it had cooked it.
After they/ we/ i had holidays they/ we/ I went to school.
Had he/ she/ it cooked a dinner?
Had they/ you spoken french before they/ you visited France?
Negative:
He/ She/ It hadn´t made his/ her homework he/ she/ it went to school.
After they/ we/ i hadn't talked with you they/ we/ i went home.
Hadn´t he/ she/ it learned before he/ she/ it wrote the English exam?
Had they/ you not talked with the teacher after they/ you came late? The past perfect Keywords:
at the moment, now, Listen! Look! today, at present Keywords:
always, usually,
generally, every day,
often, seldom Keywords: yesterday, ago,
in 19.. , last, in the past Keywords: already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now Keywords: when, while, as long as Keywords:
all day, for 4 years,
since, how long?,
the whole week Keywords:
before, after The going-to future am, are is + going-to + infinitive

When do we use the going-to future?
-when we will show that a plan has already been decided
-if something is going to happen really soon and there are signs for

Examples:
Positive: He/She/It is going to visit his/ her grandmother in the hospital
They/You/We are going to show the drama next month.
Is he/she/it going to visit his/ her grandmother in the hospital?
Are you/they going to show the drama next month?
Negative: He/She/It is not going to spend her/his money for the donation campaign.
They/You/We are not going to take time off for the Christmastime.
Isn´t he/she/it going to spend his/her money for the donation campaign tomorrow?
Aren´t you/they going to take time off for the Christmastime? Keywords:
in one year, next week, tomorrow The will -future will + infinitive

When do we use the will-future?
- a forecast is made about something
-to make an impulse decision

Examples:
Positive: He/She/It will buy some fruits.
They/We/You will have a lot of fun
on the party tomorrow.
Will he/she/it buy some fruits?
Will we/you/they have a lot of fun
on the party?
Negative: He/She/It will not start a new job.
I think they/we/you won´t be ready
in one hour.
Why will he/she/it not start a new job?
Why do you think that they/we/you won´t
be ready in one hour?

Keywords:
I guess, I think, Maybe, Probably -> to show, that there is a fixed plan for something
-> the precise time is often the signal

Example:
He/She/It is having a football match next weekend The present progressive for the future -> to express something happens according to a timetable

Example:
The last airplan leaves at 10 p.m. The simple present
for the future If - Clauses Type 1. will, can, must/might + infinitive
simple present
When do we use the Type 1. ?
- if something possible

Example:
If you go to the cinema, you can watch the new James Bond 007.
Type 2. would, could, might + infinitive
simple past

When do we use the Type 2. ?
- if something impossible or very unlikely

Example:
If I went to DSDS, I could be famous.
Type 3. would, could, might + have + past participle
past perfect

When do we use the Type 3. ?
- if the action no longer possible

Example:
If i had learned for the test, I would have passed.
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