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max driftmier

on 17 November 2015

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Transcript of Blacksmithing

In blacksmithing you sometimes use chemistry so it would be nice to know a little chemistry to be able to know how different metals react with each other. In metal terms most people think that steel is a chemical compound. Steel is not it is a mixture of carbon and iron but they do not bond. The reason that elements bond is simple. Every element wants to have 8 valance electrons, (the outer most electrons of the electron cloud). Most elements aren't naturally found with a full shell. So to get these missing electrons the element has to get another element to bond with it, if it has the opposite charge. That will result in the gaining or losing of electrons or they will just bond and share a couple of electrons.
Role of the Metal Smith
The role of the metal smith in society was regarded as one of the highest statuses that an ordinary person can obtain. Though that was a very long time ago people still look on them as very skilled craftsmen.
Throughout history the blacksmith has had his or her role in society. Without a blacksmith ancient societies would not have flourished, due to the lack of durable tools and high value trade.
The Blacksmith
The blacksmith is a person that shapes and works with metals to make new things. Those may include tools weapons and decor.
The role in society for the metal smith was to supply the people with much needed tools and weapons to protect themselves. Today the blacksmith has become somewhat obsolete. The metal smith would make tools and product for the people that could afford it. In modern days the blacksmith usually makes decorations and sculptures.
For hundreds maybe thousands of years the metal of choice for the blacksmith was iron.This is because it is tougher than all metals used before such as copper, brass, and bronze. For hundreds of years iron was the metal of choice until someone mixed iron with carbon to make steel. There are many uses for steel because it is sometimes one thousand times harder than raw iron so it is much harder to hammer out. The crystal structure of iron is face centered cubic and body centered cubic. That configuration makes it very strong. The magnetic properties of iron is effected when tempered or hammered out. Due to it's durability iron is able to handle 2000+ Fahrenheit temperatures of forge welding. The density of iron is 7.87 g/cm^3.
Max Driftmier
Crystal Structures
Face Centered Cubic
Body Centered Cubic
Chemical Equations
For example CO2.
carbon has naturally 4 electrons so what it wants is to have 4 more to have a full outer shell. To do this it can take electrons from other elements or share. To solve this oxygen comes into play it naturally has 6 electrons. To get 8 valance electrons it is just easier to share two electrons with another element. So oxygen needs two and carbon needs four. So what carbon and oxygen can do is share two electrons with each other. This only satisfies oxygen though. To satisfy carbon it needs two more and therefore gets another oxygen and has 8 valance electrons and all are happy and stick together.
Copper is one of the most primitive metals. Copper has been used for thousands of years to improve life. It was used to make weapons, jewelery. Copper is number 29 on the periodic table of elements.The 29 signifies the number of protons in the element. Copper has a higher density than iron and is much more conductive. Copper is used in blacksmithing for decoration, looking good, and welding. Since it is so soft and has such a low melting point it isn't used in regular work. It doesn't have natural magnetic properties. The crystal structure of copper is a face centered cubic shape. which when used right can make it very strong and effects it's mineral form. When carbon is added to it it makes copper carbonate which is not used in blacksmithing.
The Density of copper is 8.8 g/cm^3. Melting point: 1984 F
Aluminum is not like Iron or copper it has the lowest melting point at of all the metals that I am using. It is interesting because it is the weakest of the metals but has the highest tensile strength of all them. It is not a very good conductor until it is made into a super conductor by cooling it down to -270 degrees Celsius. Due to how weak it is it is not used in blacksmithing on a regular basis, but is fun to work with. The crystal structure of aluminum is a face centered cubic shape and results in it's weak properties. But like copper can be treated and used in such a way that it is stronger than copper. Unfortunately there are no blacksmithing benefits to aluminum carbonate. The density of aluminum is 2.7 g/cm^3.
-unknown, unknown. "Definición de Dióxido." <i>Definición ABC</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. &lt;http://www.definicionabc.com/ciencia/dioxido.php&gt;.
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-"Copper." <i>Wikipedia</i>. Wikimedia Foundation, 18 Nov. 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper&gt;.
-"Aluminium." <i>Wikipedia</i>. Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Nov. 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aluminium&gt;.
-"Aluminium." <i>Wikipedia</i>. Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Nov. 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. &lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aluminium&gt;.
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