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Set Design Timeline
Transcript of Set Design Timeline
Sir Henry Irvin was the first to darken the room during a production and experimented with the intensities and colors of the gaslight.
The first spotlight was made in 1816, the arc light was made in 1846 and the incandescent bulb was made in 1879 changing scenery lighting forever. The Nineteenth Century (cont'd) Scenic Mme Vestris invented the box set which was a room that has intricate details, making it as realistic as possible, with the wall closest to the audience cut out. David Belasco wanted to give the audience the most realistic feel so he began using photographs as backdrops and even incorporated smells throughout the production. Works Cited http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/entertainment/scene-design-stage-lighting.html Many designers such as Edward Gordon Craig who was known for his multi-level stages changed the perspective the scenery into more of a expressionistic art. The sky-dome was used to reflect light onto the stage. Colored gels were invented to put over top of the lights to change the color they appeared as on stage and also a projector lamp was invented which enabled them to be able to dim lights on stage. Events around the world influenced the design of sets of many plays. Designers used different techniques to get across different time periods and illusions. Scenic designers had mastered the study of lighting and continued to add on to different aspects of scenery. http://library.calvin.edu/hda/node/2141 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/76335/box-set http://www.victorianweb.org/mt/chance.html The Renaissance This time period had many great artists who improved the world of scenic design making it one more step closer to what it is today. Here are a few of those people Sebastiano Serlio Came up with ideas for each type of play, for tragedy he used palaces, for comedy he used street scenes and for satyr plays he used the countryside. Vinvenzo Scamozzi He was the first to implement the solid background and a stage that could be viewed from one perspective instead of five. Giovanni Battista Aleotti Giovanni was the first to used flats on the stage and he also introduced the proscenium arch into the theater.