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Set Design Timeline

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Claudia Altman

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of Set Design Timeline

Set Design It all started with the Greeks 465 BCE Invention of the Skene During this time period advances such as the use of the curtain during scene changes and the use of a scrim. The Eighteenth Century Lighting The Nineteenth Century The Twentieth Century from the beginning to now The skene was used as the only backdrop in the Greek Amphitheater. Not only was it just as the backdrop but it was also used for actor to change behind. 425 BCE Use of Paraskenia The paraskenia were to wings attached to the sides of the skene used to allow actors to have more ways to enter and leave the stage. Set Design has evolved so much since the beginning of Theatre. It went from having one scene in the background with no props, only the actors to express what was going on to now. We have intricate sets with props to give a realistic feel to what we are seeing, and they draw us in to the play by contributing to the willing suspension of disbelief. Sophocles came up with devices such as the periaktoi which was a revolving prism painted on each side, the eccyclema which was used to transport people on and off the stage (often in shape of a table), and the mechane which was used to transport people onto and off of the stage in more of a godly way. http://itdc.lbcc.edu/cps/theatreArts/ch6Vocabulary/12.html Ancient Rome They used a three door skene, instead of it having only one scene painted onto the back it now had three different ones and began the use of a curtain at the beginning of the show. The Romans were the first to have night time shows and used torches to surround the theater producing the light. http://www.spanisharts.com/arquitectura/i_roma_espectaculos.html : http://theatrehistory2010.blogspot.com/2010_04_01_archive.html Some theaters were enclosed now increasing the need for light other than using torches and candles to surround the stage. To produce this light, designers started to experiment with different lighting techniques such as chandeliers. They even figure out how to use lights to attain realistic events such as flowing water. In this period they began using gaslights as a source of light during performances.
Sir Henry Irvin was the first to darken the room during a production and experimented with the intensities and colors of the gaslight.
The first spotlight was made in 1816, the arc light was made in 1846 and the incandescent bulb was made in 1879 changing scenery lighting forever. The Nineteenth Century (cont'd) Scenic Mme Vestris invented the box set which was a room that has intricate details, making it as realistic as possible, with the wall closest to the audience cut out. David Belasco wanted to give the audience the most realistic feel so he began using photographs as backdrops and even incorporated smells throughout the production. Works Cited http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/entertainment/scene-design-stage-lighting.html Many designers such as Edward Gordon Craig who was known for his multi-level stages changed the perspective the scenery into more of a expressionistic art. The sky-dome was used to reflect light onto the stage. Colored gels were invented to put over top of the lights to change the color they appeared as on stage and also a projector lamp was invented which enabled them to be able to dim lights on stage. Events around the world influenced the design of sets of many plays. Designers used different techniques to get across different time periods and illusions. Scenic designers had mastered the study of lighting and continued to add on to different aspects of scenery. http://library.calvin.edu/hda/node/2141 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/76335/box-set http://www.victorianweb.org/mt/chance.html The Renaissance This time period had many great artists who improved the world of scenic design making it one more step closer to what it is today. Here are a few of those people Sebastiano Serlio Came up with ideas for each type of play, for tragedy he used palaces, for comedy he used street scenes and for satyr plays he used the countryside. Vinvenzo Scamozzi He was the first to implement the solid background and a stage that could be viewed from one perspective instead of five. Giovanni Battista Aleotti Giovanni was the first to used flats on the stage and he also introduced the proscenium arch into the theater.
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