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ABC's of Earth Science By: Taylor Anzo

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Taylor Anzo

on 26 May 2011

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Transcript of ABC's of Earth Science By: Taylor Anzo

ABC's of Earth Science
By: Taylor Anzo Astronomy
Astronomy is the study of space. Scientists that study space are called astronomers. Astronomers use a variety of tools to look billions of miles away from Earth, and study other planets, stars, and galaxies. Barometer
Barometers are used to measure air pressure. When the air presses down on the mercury-filled tube, the mercury rises. The higher the pressure, the more the mercury will rise. Air pressure is measured in inches. Sources cited:
"Brometer",USAToday,http://www.usatoday.com/weather/wbaromtr.htm, May 21, 2011, google

"Scientific Method",ScienceBuddies, http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_conclusions.shtml, May 12, 2011, google

"Space", NASSP,http://www.star.ac.za/
Shambhavi Impex @
http://www.shambhaviimpex.com/meterology-hydrulics.html, May 12, 2011, google

"Earthquake", Heaven Awaits, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://heavenawaits.files.wordpress.com, May 19, 2011, google

"Fossil", maropeng, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.maropeng.co.za, May 19, 2011, google

"Sapphire", diap://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.diamondfireglass.com, May 23, 2011, google

"Hurricane", hurricane-facts, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.hurricane-facts.com, May 23, 2011, google

"Obsidian", charms of light, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.charmsoflight.com, May 23, 2011, google

"Ocean Crust". windows 2 universe,http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.windows2universe.org, May, 24, 2011, google

"Lithosphere", blue.utb.edu, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://blue.utb.edu, May 24, 2011, google

"Ocean" enchanted learning, http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/ocean/, May 24, 2011, google

"Wood", westbourne-model, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.westbourne-model.co.uk, May 24, 2011, google

"Water", central basin, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.centralbasin.org, May 24, 2011, google

"Steam", international rivers, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.internationalrivers.org, May, 24, 2011, google

"Lightning", prepare, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://prepare.ua.edu, May 24, 2011, google

"Atom", universe today, http://www.universetoday.com/56637/atom-model/, May 25, 2011, google

"Jupiter", solar space, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.solarspace.co.uk, May 24, 2011, google

"Ocean", lifeboat, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://lifeboat.com, May 25, 2011, google

"Quartz", how stuff works, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://static.howstuffworks.com, May 25, 2011, google

"Rose Quartz", gallaries.com, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.galleries.com, May, 25, 2011, google

"Rain", rocbike, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.rocbike.com, May, 25, 2011, google

"Sun", space station info, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.spacestationinfo.com, May, 25, 2011, google

"Galaxy", scitechie, http://scitechie.com/01/where-you-stand-in-this-universe/, May 25, 2011, google

"Volcano", edinformatics,http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.edinformatics.com, May 25, 2011, google

"X-Ray", gargdiagnosticcentre, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.gargdiagnosticcentre.com, May 25, 2011, google

"Calendar", art-ed, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.vitadiscount.com, May 25, 2011, google

"Kilogram", enchanted learning, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.enchantedlearning.com, May 25, 2011, google

"Zinc", vitadiscount, http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.vitadiscount.com, May 25, 2011, google

"Quartz." Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition. HarperCollins Publishers. 25 May. 2011. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Quartz>.

Allison, Mead A., Arthur T. DeGaetano, and Jay M. Pasachoff. Earth Science. Print.

"proton." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 25 May. 2011. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/proton>.

"rain." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 25 May. 2011. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/rain>.

"stars." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 25 May. 2011. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/stars>.

Tornadoes. Dictionary.com. The American Heritage® Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Tornadoes (accessed: May 25, 2011).

"Universe." The American Heritage® Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company. 25 May. 2011. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Universe>.

"Volcanoes." The American Heritage® Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company. 25 May. 2011. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Volcanoes>.

"Wind." The American Heritage® Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company. 25 May. 2011. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Wind>.

"Zinc." The American Heritage® Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company. 25 May. 2011. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Zinc>. Conclusion
The conclusion is the second to last step in
the scientific method. Conclusions summarize
the results of the expieriment to show whether
the hypothesis was right or wrong. Data
Collecting data is a very inportant
part in the Scientific Method.
Collecting data is necessary for
analyzing to make a conclusion. Earthquakes
Earthquakes are some of Earth’s most violent natural forces. Earthquakes occur when faults slip past each other, causing a violent shake on the Earth. The shaking only lasts for a few seconds, but the effects are devastating. Fossils
Fossils are the trace remains of an organism, probably from millions of years ago. Fossils are normally found in sedimentary rocks, and the deeper they are in the rock, then the older the rock is. Fuel that is made out of fossils is called fossil fuels. Gemstone
Gemstones are minerals or rocks that are normally that are cut and polished. The gemstones are used for jewelry and are normally expensive. Some examples of gemstones are emeralds, rubies, and sapphires. Hurricanes
Hurricanes are severe and very destructive storms that form over the oceans. A hurricane forms when the warm, moist ocean air condenses into large storm systems. Since the ocean is full of this storm-fueling air, the storm continues to grow and grow until it becomes a hurricane. A tropical storm officially becomes a hurricane when the winds reach 75 miles per hour or more. An “eye” forms in the center of the hurricane. Jupiter
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the sun, and is outside the asteroid belt. Jupiter is also the largest planet in our solar system, and is a gas giant, meaning that the planet is made up of many different gases and has no solid surface. There is a storm that has been constantly churning on Jupiter, known as the Great Red Spot which is larger than Earth. which is larger than Earth. Kilogram
A kilogram is a metric form to measure solid weight. It is used everywhere but the United States and a few other countries. A kilogram is about 2.2 pounds. Lithosphere
The lithosphere is the solid rigid, upper part of the mantle and the crust. The lithosphere is split into tectonic plates that constantly move around, causing the plates to shift. The continents today are not in the same positions as they were when they were first formed. Matter
Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Matter can be classified into four types: Solids – which have a definite shape and a definite volume, Liquids – which have no definite shape, but a definite volume, Gases – which have no definite shape and no definite volume, and Plasma – which also have no definite shape or volume. Igneous Rocks
Igneous forms from magma that cools and hardens. Magma form when rocks melt below the Earth’s surface. Igneous rocks can be classified as intrusive an igneous rock - which form beneath the Earth’s surface and extrusive igneous rocks – which is when the rocks form at the Earth’s surface. Oceans
Oceans are large bodies of water that cover about 70% of the Earth’s surface. The oceans play a major role in the Earth’s weather patterns. There are five oceans on Earth: The Pacific, Atlantic, Arctic, Indian, and Southern oceans. Proton
Protons are positively charged particles located inside an atom. Protons are a very important parts of all nuclei. Quartz
Quartz is a colorless mineral found in all three types of rocks (Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic. Quartz is used for a variety of things, and can also be a gemstone. Rain
Rain is water that condenses in the clouds, gets to heavy for the clouds to support, and falls back down to Earth as precipitation. Stars
Stars are large celestial bodies that have nuclear fusion occuring within them. Therefore, they produce radiant heat making them hot. Our solar system's star, the Sun, is an average size star that is one Astronomical Unit away from the Earth and controls the environment on Earth. Tornadoes
Tornadoes are violent columns of air that extend down from thunderclouds. The way that tornadoes are formed is not clear, but tornadoes can be a mile long, have winds that exceed 250 miles per hour, and can last for hours. Universe
The universe is includes EVERYTHING that humans have ever known: the sun, stars, solar systems, and other galaxies. Some scientist hypothesize that the universe began after what they call the "Big Bang". Volcanoes
Volcanoes are mountains that have an opening at the peak. When gases and magma build up at the top, the volcano can or will explode, and violently. When a volcano erupts, ash can spew a couple of miles into the sky, lava flows down the mountainside, and landslides can occur. Wind
Wind is a current of air that occurs when there are uneven air pressures between two areas, and the air moves from one area to another. Wind is measured with an anomometer. X-Ray
X-Rays are high fequency electromagnetic radiation. Many forms of matter absorb X-Rays and is often used by doctors to examine the body's internal parts. Years
Years are used to measure time, and in science, lightyears are used to measure very long distances in space. Lightyears are the distance a beam of light travel in one Earth year. Zinc
Zinc is a mettalic element that is essential to human growth and is used in vitamins. Zinc is also used to coat other metals.
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