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The Nature of Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching

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on 26 February 2015

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Transcript of The Nature of Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching

The Nature of Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching
Is the level at which classroom procedures are described.
Technique
Is the level at which theory is put into practice and at which choices are made about the particular skills to be taught, the content to be taught, and the order in which the content will be presented
Method
People use the term to refer to theories about the nature of language and language learning which are the source of the way things are done in the classroom.
Approach
Approaches are fed by
Theories of language
Theories of language learning
Methods
Assigning roles
Techniques
Approaches
An approach is the level at which assumptions and beliefs about language and language learning are stated.
An approach describes how people acquire their knowledge of the language and makes statements about the conditions which will promote successful language learning.
A method is the practical realization of an approach. Within methods we have techniques.
A technique is a classroom device or activity.
In order for an approach to lead to a method, it is necessary to develop a
design


Objectives of the method ( what a method wants to achieve)
The syllabus organization
Types of learning (classroom arrangement) and teaching activities.
Learner roles
Teacher roles
Comprehension-based approaches (CBL)
Total physical response
Delayed oral response
The natural approach
Optimal habit reinforcement
Production-Based Learning
Silent way learning (SWL)
Sheltered initiation language
Outreach learning
Humanistic and Psychosuggestive approaches
Values-clarification and problem.posing approaches.
Suggestopedia
Counseling-learning community language learning
The grammar translation

The direct method
Audio-lingualism
The situational language teaching
Task-based teaching
Cooperative learning
silent viewing
problem-solving activities
physical response tasks
oral drills
Full transcript