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Forms of Government

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by

Brian Furgione

on 15 September 2014

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Transcript of Forms of Government

Government?!
Types
of
Government

Monarchy
Normally, a king or queen rules the country.
The king or queen is known as a "monarch".
Monarchs usually come to power through their family blood line (heredity):
The current king or queen’s oldest child becomes the next king or queen.

Theocracy
Totalitarianism
Often called a dictatorship

All aspects of its citizens' lives are controlled by the state (Think TOTAL-control)

Led by one leader with ultimate authority
Democracy
Latin Roots: "demokratia"
"Demo" - Greek for "People"
"Kratia" - Greek for "rule" or "power"
All people participate in government (directly or indirectly)
Oligarchy
"rule by the few"

a small group of "Oligarchs" control (typically for corrupt and selfish purposes)

Rulers may be the wealthy, a large powerful family, educated elite, corporate business owners, or military
Direct Democracy
A form of democracy in which the power to govern lies directly in the hands of the people.

People DIRECTLY vote and decide on EVERYTHING
Representative Democracy
The powers of the people are given to a body of representatives, elected from time to time, who vote and make decisions on behalf of the nation.

Autocratic Rule
Democratic Rule
Government
Sovereignty
Nation-state
There is a supreme power within a territory.
Basic Academic Terms
A sovereign place inhabited by people who share a feeling of common nationality.
Autocracy:
a government in which the supreme power is vested in the one person
Ways to Rule in a Sovereign State
America Forming a Government
Absolute Monarchy
Constitutional Monarchy
Sometimes called a
limited

monarchy

A Constitutional Monarchy has a "figurehead" monarch but the government actually operates under a constitution
Limited Government
...a government which does not have the authority to intervene on citizens civil liberties
Institution that makes and enforces laws (but you already knew that)
Democracy:
a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people
An Absolute Monarchy is a type of monarchy where the monarch is the sole source of power and authority
They have total and unrestricted political power...)
Anarchy
This is actually not a type of government, rather the absence of government.
Essentially, no one is in charge...or everyone is in charge...
There is no governing authority, no law to follow
Let's Review...
Historic Example:
From 1638-1715, Louis XIV of France ruled as an absoulte monarch. He once proclaimed "L'etat, c'est moi!" which translates to "I am the State!"
A theocracy is a government that recognizes God or a divine being as the ultimate authority.
“Theo” is a Greek word that means god.
In a theocracy, religious law is used to settle disputes and rule the people. A theocracy can also be a democracy, dictatorship, monarchy, or just about any other kind of government.
Political System and Religious Law and Interwoven!
OK...so a dictatorship is a form of government where one leader has absolute (COMPLETE) control over citizens’ lives. If there is a constitution, the dictator has control over that, too—so it doesn’t mean much. Although other parts of the government may exist, such as courts or a lawmaking body, these branches always do what the dictator wants them to do. They do not represent citizens...sounds fun...right?
From 1962 to 2011, Myanmar (also known as Burma) was ruled by a military junta that was condemned by the world for its human rights violations.
Often times, the United States is called a representative democracy, because citizens have a say and elect their officials. Specifically, the United States is Democratic or Federal Republic...
In a Representative Democracy...citizens hold the ultimate power, though, because if they don’t like what their representatives are doing, they can vote in new ones!
A Republic... is a state (government) in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Work it Out!
Identify That Government! Identify the form(s) of government that each country has or had

Can you give some examples (fictitious or real) of monarchies?
Can you think of any theocracies (fictitious or real)?
Why do you think this form of government would/wouldn't work? Can you think of any examples?
Can you think of the benefits/weakness of an oligarchy? How about some examples?
Why do you think the US is not 100% Direct Democracy?
Why do you think no country runs with an anarchist type of government?
Communism
In a communist government, the government believes in owning all means of production and eliminating private property
This means that all things are owned by the government and shared by the people.
The intention of this system is to ensure that everyone has equal access and property
However, this system can become corrupt quickly with the government removing all rights of the people
Full transcript