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The Six-Day War

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Tedje Janssen

on 28 March 2011

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Transcript of The Six-Day War

The Six-Day War June 5 1967 - June 10 1967 Players Situation David
Ben Gurion Soviet Union Shukri al-Quwatli Nasser King Hussein David
Ben Gurion Gulf of Aquaba Tension between the
Arabs and the Jews within
Isreal.

Tension between Jewish Isreal and
its Arab Neighbors. Due to the War of Independence in 1948, where Isreal gained large amounts of land and caused Arab Refugees. CAUSES Suez Canal Crisis War of Independence 1948 Arabs Believed the Jewish People didn't belong. Wanted Revenge Closed the Gulf of Aquaba Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Day 5 Day 6 Consequences Israel launches operation focus: attack by air on Egyptian airfields – dozens of planes destroyed
Israeli air force (IAF) loses 19 planes and 10% of strength
Syria, Jordan and Iraq target Israel by air
Israel destroys 300 Egyptian planes
Israel defense force (IDF) bombs Syria Jordan and Iraq and win
Israel takes al-Arish and Bir Lahfen
Israel attacks from West Bank and bombs Tel Aviv Israel and Jordan fight at ammunition hill 106 Jordanians dead and 37 Israelies dead

•Abd al-Hakim Amer (Egyptian field marshal) retreats to Suez canal and 1000’s are killed by Israelies

•IDF takes Gaza, Bethlehem and Hebron

•Un security council meets and offers ceasefire (Rejected by USSR) • IDF bomb Jordan and take Jericho and Jerusalem

• Jordan’s governor Anwar al-Hattib surrenders

• 100,000’s of Palestinians flee to Jordan

• IDF attack Egyptians and capture Sinai • Egypt declares ceasefire – accepted by Israel
• IAF attacks US navy ship “USS Liberty” ‘assuming’ that it was an Egyptian ship
• Nasser announces resignation (rejected by national assembly)
• Nasser blamed west for Israel’s successful attacks
• Israeli defense minister Moshe Dayan vetoes invade of Syria (fears risk of war with USSR) – later he changes his mind
• Syria accepts ceasefire
• Israel bombs Damascus at Golan heights
June 5 June 7 June 8 June 6 June 10 June 9 Isreal got more land
UN resolution
Caused even More Tension
Proved Israel Power Arab Embarrasment Want Land back QUIZ Israel takes Golan heights
Un ceasefire comes into effect "Our basic objective will be the destruction of Israel. The Arab people want to fight." May 30, 1967 Pre-War
Arab Cartoons THE PLAN Samu Incident Removal of the UN
from Sanai Sanai Suez Canal Soviet
Disinformation The existence
of Israel is an error which must be rectified. This is our opportunity to wipe out the ignominy which has been with us since 1948. Our goal is clear -- to wipe Israel off the map. The biggest Cause? Who Is to blame? Which Side do You choose and why? June 4, 1967 Discussion "To Squish Israel
like a fly" Nasser Blocked shipping to Israel (1959) Isreal Captures Sanai UNEF occupation 700,000
refugees Immigration Arab nations refused
to consider ISRAEL a
country "We are now face to face with Israel and if they want to try their luck without Britain and France, we await them.The Israel flag will not pas through Aqaba Gulf and our sovereignty over the Gulf entrance is not negotiable. If Israel wants to threaten us with war they are welcome." -Nasser (22 may) May 13 1967 - Which Leader do you think is most influencial in the causes of the Six Day War? - Can You name three Causes of the War? - What 2 Past Conflict played a main role in this war? - What was the Soviet Union's role in Causing the war? - effect of the UN resolution? U.N. Security Council Resolution 242
November 22, 1967


Following the June '67, Six-Day War, the situation in the Middle East was discussed by the UN General Assembly, which referred the issue to the Security Council. After lengthy discussion, a final draft for a Security Council resolution was presented by the British Ambassador, Lord Caradon, on November 22, 1967. It was adopted on the same day.
This resolution, numbered 242, established provisions and principles which, it was hoped, would lead to a solution of the conflict. Resolution 242 was to become the cornerstone of Middle East diplomatic efforts in the coming decades.


The Security Council,
Expressing its continuing concern with the grave situation in the Middle East,
Emphasizing the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in which every State in the area can live in security,
Emphasizing further that all Member States in their acceptance of the Charter of the United Nations have undertaken a commitment to act in accordance with Article 2 of the Charter,


1. Affirms that the fulfillment of Charter principles requires the establishment of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East which should include the application of both the following principles:

* Withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from territories occupied in the recent conflict;
* Termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgement of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every State in the area and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of force;

2. Affirms further the necessity

* For guaranteeing freedom of navigation through international waterways in the area;
* For achieving a just settlement of the refugee problem;
* For guaranteeing the territorial inviolability and political independence of every State in the area, through measures including the establishment of demilitarized zones;

3. Requests the Secretary General to designate a Special Representative to proceed to the Middle East to establish and maintain contacts with the States concerned in order to promote agreement and assist efforts to achieve a peaceful and accepted settlement in accordance with the provisions and principles in this resolution;

4. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Security Council on the progress of the efforts of the Special Representative as soon as possible. November 11, 1966
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