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Sports Injuries Assignment 3
Transcript of Sports Injuries Assignment 3
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
sprain - Grade 1
Acute Phase of Injury
The first treatment that will be administered immediately after injury will be PRICED. This is where the athlete will protect, rest, ice, compress and elevate the injury. The injury can then be diagnosed by a professional i.e. doctor, physio, etc. This will help reduce pain and swelling.
The second treatment that will be used within the first few hours of injury will be painkillers. These will help reduce the pain of the injury.
Sub-Acute Phase of Injury
The first sub-acute treatment that will be provided will be taping and bandaging, such as elastic adhesive bandage and tubigrip. This will provide support and protect the injury from further damage.
The next treatment that will be used will be a return to functional activity. The type of activity that this will involve includes slow jogging, body weight squats and light resistance exercises.
The first treatment that I would recommend is strength training. This will be performed as strength will have been lost during the rehabilitation process. The type of strength exercise that will be used include both free weights and resistance machines.
The second chronic treatment that I would recommend is massage. This treatment can be used throughout both the chronic and sub-acute phases. The use of massage is thought to increase the healing process as well as reduce pain.
Chronic Phase of Injury
The ACL is usually torn as a result of a quick deceleration, hyper-extension or rotational injury that usually does not involve contact with another individual. This injury often occurs following a sudden change of direction. A person typically reports feeling a popping sensation in the knee.
Common Signs and Symptoms
With an acute injury, the patient often describes that they heard a loud pop and then developed intense pain in the knee.
The pain makes walking or weight-bearing very difficult.
The knee joint will begin to swell within a few hours because of bleeding within the joint, making it difficult to straighten the knee.
Psychological Methods of Rehabilitation
The psychological aspect of how well an athlete deals with rehabilitation and the often slow return to competition is often neglected. Goal setting is a technique that can be used to increase motivation and help enable a progressive rehabilitation process
Methods for Improving Lost Range of Motion
Restoring flexibility after injury is vital to limit the chances of an injury recurring. Stretching should be incorporated into a rehabilitation programme to regain range of motion.
There are a number of different stretching methods that can be used, including static, dynamic and PNF.
PNF stretching is fast becoming the most used method for sports and rehabilitation.