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The Old Man & The Sea - Symbolism
Transcript of The Old Man & The Sea - Symbolism
Symbolism of Manolin
Symbolism of The Sea
Symbolism of The Marlin
Love for God
Love for Nature
High Expectations of Self
Sense of Brotherhood
Allegory for Jesus & his disciple
Santiago's helping hand
A representation of what Santiago was in his youth
Respect towards Santiago
They are friends/company
Driving force that pushes Santiago to succeed
Old man wants to make boy proud
Feminine Spirit (La Mar)
Uncontrollable & unpredictable
Aspects of life can be unpredictable
Most ideal & noble enemy
Brings out Santiago's qualities
Allows him to meet his expectations of himself
Old & male fish
Battle Santiago has with himself
Sea represents life
Marlin represents struggles that come from life
Battle of endurance only won by refusing defeat
Symbolism of Santiago's Struggle with The Marlin
Symbolism of the Sharks
"The old man's head was clear and good now and he was full of resolution but he had little hope" (Hemingway 101).
"'But man is not made for defeat,' he said. 'A man can be destroyed but not defeated'" (Hemingway 103).
Symbolism of the Skeleton on the Boat
Symbolism of the Tourists
Symbolism of the Month of September
Do not understand his struggle
See Marlin as garbage
No one will be able to see
What you have fought for
What kind of struggle you endured
Unable to see his success
They measure success differently
"September is the month when the great fish come. Anyone can be a fisherman in May."
It is easy to do what you must do when life is easy
Easy to fish in the month of May
The year is old
Santiago is old
When life gets tough it is harder to be strong
You must refuse defeat
Not many people attempt to fight this battle
"When the boy came back the old man was asleep in the chair and the sun was down. The boy took the old army blanket off the bed and spread it over the back of the chair and over the old man's shoulders."
- p.18 (The boy as Santiago's helping hand)
"Tell me about the baseball."
- p.21 (The boy as a disciple)
"I wish I had the boy. To help me and to see this."
- p. 48 (The boy as Santiago's motivation)
“He always thought of the sea as 'la mar' which is what people call her in Spanish when they love her. Sometimes those who love her say bad things of her but they are always said as though she were a woman. Some of the younger fishermen, those who used buoys as floats for their lines and had motorboats, bought when the shark livers had brought much money, spoke of her as 'el mar' which is masculine.They spoke of her as a contestant or a place or even an enemy. But the old man always thought of her as feminine and as something that gave or withheld great favours, and if she did wild or wicked things it was because she could not help them. The moon affects her as it does a woman, he thought.”
"You are killing me, fish, the old man thought. But you have a right to. Never have I seen a greater, or more beautiful, or a calmer or more noble thing than you brother.
- p. 92 (Shows nobility of fish)
"Now that I have him coming so beautifully, God help me endure. I'll say a hundred our Fathers and a hundred Hail Mary's. But I cannot say them now.
- p. 87 (Shows how the fish pushes him to reach full potential through endurance)
"It is what a man must do"
"If you are not tired, fish, you must be very strange"
- p.67 (Shows fish's similarities to old man)
"What's that?" she asked a waiter and pointed to the long backbone of the great fish that was now just a garbage to go out with the tide.
- p.126 (Shows inability to see Santiago's success)
"I didn't know sharks had such handsome, beautifully formed tails."
- p.127 (Shows inability to see Santiago's struggle)
Life is an inescapable
they fight an ignoble fight
some battles simply cannot be avoided
Santiago's unflagging resolve
he accepts the obstacle and goes forth to combat it until the end
Santiago fights honourably the entire time he is at sea
Battle He Fought
Santiago becomes a Legend
“Many fishermen were around the skiff looking at what was lashed beside it and one was in the water, his trousers rolled up, measuring the skeleton with a length line” (Hemingway 122).
The Beauty of Struggle
Honour of the Journey
Rather than the Victory
"Sale on this course and take it when it comes" (Hemingway 103).