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Singapore's Legal System ©

Take a walk through Singapore's Law ©

annie smith

on 30 July 2013

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Transcript of Singapore's Legal System ©

Singapore is a sovereign republic, with a legal system based on the English common law. However, they use The Inquisitorial System.
It is quite different compared to the Adversarial System that we use in Australia.
Singaporean Law
This is a legal system where the court or a part of the court is actively involved in investigating the facts of the case. It originated in the year 1000 AD
Roman Law. There are variations of
this system used in Europe, Asia and
South American countries.
The Inquisitorial System
Inquisitorial System
There is no real Trial System but the Judge has the most control/power during the trial.

The policy in Singapore is that the accused is ‘guilty until proven innocent’.
System is less reliant on strict rules of evidence and procedure and has harsher punishments.
Roles in Court
Sources of Law
Their sources of law are Legislations, Judicial Precedents and Custom law.
The Adversarial System

Opening Statements
Cross Examination
Objections are heard
Closing Statement
Judge's Verdict
Sources of Law
Common Laws (from England)
Roles in Court
Changi Prison
Iwuchukwu Amara
Van Tuong Nguyen
5.18 million people
Capital Punishment
Age Died at:
Date of Death:
Caught with
396.2g of
25 years old
Hanged in Changi Prison
2nd December 2005
Age Died at:
Date of Death:
21 years old
Hanged in Changi Prison
Caught with 727g of Heroin
26th January 2007
Houses the most serious criminal offenders in the country.
It serves as the detention site for death row inmates at Changi.
Changi Prison is also one of the main places where judicial corporal punishment by caning is carried out.
Laws to be Aware of and Their Fines:
Chewing Gum: SGD$500 (AU$405)
Littering: SGD$300 (AU$243)
Jaywalking: SGD$500 (AU$405)
Smoking in illegal area: SGD$200 (AU$162)
Pack of Cigarettes not declared: SGD$500 (AU$405)
Spitting in Public: SGD$500 (AU$405)
Eating on a public bus or MRT
(Mass Rapid Transit)
: SGD$500 (AU$405)
Land Size:

Quick Info:
Malaysia to the North, Sabah and Sarawak to the East, and Indonesia to the South.
Malay, Chinese (Mandarin), Tamil and English
approx. 646.1 sq km (including all islands)
Judicial Corporal Punishment
Immigration Offences
Penal Code of Singapore
Sets out General Principles of Criminal Law in Singapore. Criminal Offences are created by statutes such as:
Arms Offences Act
Kidnapping Act
Misuse of Drugs Act
Vandalism Act
Thank You.
Firing Squad
Injection of Lethal
Asphyxiation with
Stoned to Death
Use of Gas
Getting Hanged
Wikipedia, 2013, MediaWiki, United States of America (USA), viewed 10 May 2013, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capital_punishment_in_Singapore#Capital_offences>
Supreme Court Singapore, 2013, Trust Singapore, Singapore, viewed 10 May 2013, <http://app.supremecourt.gov.sg/default.aspx?pgID=43>
Wikipedia, 2013, MediaWiki, United States of America (USA), viewed 11 May 2013, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_of_Singapore#Legal_education>
The World Law Guide, 2011, Lexadin, The Netherlands, viewed 11 May 2013, <http://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/courts/nofr/oeur/lxctsin.htm>
Wikipedia, 2013, MediaWiki, United States of America (USA), viewed 12 May 2013, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iwuchukwu_Amara_Tochi>
Wikipedia, 2013, MediaWiki, United States of America (USA), viewed 12 May 2013, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_major_crimes_in_Singapore>
Executed Today, 2013, Executed Today, United States of America (USA), viewed 12 May 2013, <http://www.executedtoday.com/2008/01/26/2007-iwuchukwu-amara-tochi/>
Singapore Police Force, 2013, Singapore Government, Singapore, viewed 14 May 2013, <www.spf.gov.sg>
US Legal, 2013, US Legal, United States of America (USA), viewed 14 May 2013,
Atternory General’s Centre (AGC), 2013, Singapore Government, Singapore, viewed 15 May 2013, <http://statutes.agc.gov.sg/aol/search/display/view.w3p;page=0;query=CompId%3Ae40d5913-c2dc-4284-bf68-eb315c55c8fa;rec=0>
Yahoo! Voices, 2013, Yahoo!, United States of America (USA), viewed 16 May 2013, <http://voices.yahoo.com/singapore-laws-know-trip-3393998.html?cat=16>
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2012, Australian Government, Australia, viewed 16 May 2013, <http://www.smartraveller.gov.au/zw-cgi/view/Advice/Singapore>
Orient Expat, 2013, Orient Expat, United States of America (USA), viewed 18 May 2013, <http://www.orientexpat.com/forum/18511-laws-all-tourists-should-know-in-thailand-singapore-indonesia-india/>
Brainz, 2010, Brainz, United States of America (USA), viewed 19 May 2013, <http://brainz.org/13-most-brutal-and-inhumane-judicial-punishments-still-used-today/>
Rajah, J. 2012, Authoritarian Rule of Law: Legislation, Discourse and Legitimacy in Singapore (Cambridge Studies in Law and Society), Cambridge University Press, New York, USA.
Wikipedia, 30th March 2013, N/A, N/A, 9th May 3013, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Van_Tuong_Nguyen
Students for Students, N/A, Oracle’ Think Question Education, N/A, 17/5/13http://library.thinkquest.org/10414/countfact.html.
By Victoria, Michelle and Anne
not impartial
conducts investigation
supervises police work
finds/questions witnesses and suspects
orders searches
finds evidence
Person who hears cases (local court) and can decide on punishment and if guilty or innocent.
Clarifies points of law and allocates the punishment.
Deals with paperwork and keeps order in courtroom.
Court Reporter:
Defence Lawyer:
Judge's Assistant:
Proves that the accused is guilty beyond reasonable doubt.
Keeps record of proceedings.
The accused and is the one on trial.
Proves the defendant's innocence or admits guilt.
Provides evidence during the case.
Hears all evidence and decides whether defendant is guilty or innocent.
Adversarial System -vs- Inquisitorial System
has less power
is required to help judge in finding the truth
Remember, the things that are legal here may not necessarily apply there, so stick to the right side of the law.
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