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To Kill a Mockingbird: Chapters 18-19
Transcript of To Kill a Mockingbird: Chapters 18-19
Court-The entire chapter takes you through the court case and the justice system
pg. 242(181) "State will not prejudice the witness against counsel for the defense," murmured Judge Taylor primily, "at least not this time"
Court-this shows that court is not always fair and that often the witness is told thing that are not true to make them scared of the other lawyer.
pg. 248(185) "Will you identify the man who raped you?
"I will, that's him right yonder."
Mockingbird-Tom Robinson is one representation of the mockingbird. He is being accused of raping Mayella, and even though he is most likely innocent he will be found guilty because of his skin color.
Chapter 18: Symbolism
Chapter 18: Characterization
pg. 239(179) "In Maycomb County, it was easy to tell when someone bathed regularly... Mayella looked as if she tried to keep clean..."
Mayella doen't enjoy the way her family lives and doesn't want to be the same as her father.
pg. 240(179) "Mayella stared at him then burst into tears. She covered her mouth with her hands and sobbed."
Mayella is either very scared or trying to get people to feel sympathetic towards her.
pg. 243(182) "Long's he keeps on callin' me ma'am an sayin' Miss Mayella. I don't hafta take his sass, I ain't called upon to take it.
Mayella isn't used to being respected and believes Atticus is trying to offend her.
pg. 244(183) ". . . there was strong suspicion that Papa drank it up anyway. . ."
Bob Ewell is an alcoholic.
pg. 245 (183)"Miss Mayella," said Atticus, in spite of himself, "a nineteen-year-old girl like you must have friends. Who are your friends?"
Mayella has no friends. She is a very lonely person
pg. 248(185-186) "Tom Robinson's powerful shoulders rippled... 'tore all the muscles loose from his bones-'"
IDC:Tom Robinson-he's innocent
Chapter 18: Literary Devices
pg. 242 (181) "Apparently Mayell's recital had given her confidence, but it was not her father's brash kind: there was something stealthy about hers, like a steady-eyed cat with a twitchy tail.
Simile-Mayella is good at lying but she still has signs that might give her away in the end.
pg. 248(185-186) "Tom Robinson's powerful sholders rippled under his thin shirt. . ."
Imagery-This gives us an idea of how strong and capable he is of doing something like beating and raping a girl but also shows us how crippled and incapable he is of doing it.
Chapter 18: Theme
pg. 252(188) "Somehow, Atticus had hit her hard in a way that was not clear to me. . ."
Courage-Atticus doesn't want to make Mayella feel terrified, or mad, or make what she may have been through seem like nothing but he still does what he has to because he is doing what he believes is right.
Integrity-This passage shows how much he hates making Mayella upset and being cruel towards her, but he still has too do the right thing for Tom and himself.
Cati Karr & Brooke Rossi
To Kill a Mockingbird: Chapters 18-19
Chapter 19: Symbolism
Chapter 19: Theme
Chapter 19: Characterization
Chapter 19: Literary Devices
Tom's entire testimony
Courage-He is going against Mayella's word even though most people will believe her over him.
pg. 256(192) "White people wouldn't have anything to do with her because she lived amoung pigs; Negros wouldn't have anything to do with her because she was white.
Prejudice/Discrimination-People won't except each other because they are different, whether it is because of their skin color or their families.
pg.260-261(195) "he would not have dared strike a white woman under and circumstances and expect to live long..."
Discrimination-Tom would have been killed for striking a white woman even for self-defence because he's black.
pg. 261(195) "I just want the whole lot of you to know one thing right now. That boy's worked for me eight years an' I ain't had one speck o'trouble outa him. Not a speck.
Courage/Integrity-Mr. Link Deas is standing up for an accused black man and it telling everyone that he believes that Tom is innocent.
pg. 266(199) "'The way that man called him 'boy' all the time an' sneered at him, an' looked around at the jury every time he answered-' 'Well, Dill, after all he's just a Negro.'"
Discrimination-Acting more harsh towards someone and justifying it because they have a darker skin tone.
pg. 266(199) "'I don't care one speck. It ain't right, somehow it ain't right to do 'em that way. Hasn't anybody got any business talkin' like that-it just makes me sick.'"
Tolerance-you shouldn't be unnessesarily harsh towards anyone.
pg. 257(192) "But she said he took advantage of her, and when she stood up she looked at him as if he were dirt beneath her feet."
Situational Irony-Even though the Ewell are outcasts and know what it's like to be looked down upon Mayella still has the dignity and audacity to treat Tom as though he was less than her.
pg. 264(197) "
felt sorry for
, you felt
for her? Mr. Gilmer seemed ready to rise to the ceiling.
Hyperbole-Tom just said something he shouldn't have, giving Mr. Gilmer an edge on him.
pg.254(190) "Tom was twenty-five years of age; he was married with three children; he had been in trouble with the law before: he onced received thirty days for disorderly conduct."
DC: Tom Robinson-gives us info about his age, family, and criminal background
pg.254(190) "'Yes suh, I had to serve 'casue I couldn't pay the fine.'"
IDC: Tom Robinson and his family is poor
pg. 256(191) "Mr. Ewell didn't seem to help her none, and neither did the chillun, and I know she didn't have no nickels to spare.
The Ewells are very poor. Also, Mayella has a lot of pressure on her to be the responsible one and be a mother of sorts.
pg. 257(192) "Tom was a black-velvet Negro, not shiny, but soft black velvet...he would have been a fine specimen of a man."
DC: Tom Robinson is an attractive man.
pg. 258(193) "She says, 'took me a slap year to save seb'm nickels, but I done it. They all gone to town.'"
Mayella is a mother figure and provider in the family. She is also very hardworking.
pg. 265(198) "'That old Mr. Gilmer doin' him thataway, talking so hateful to him-'"
IDC: Dill is caring and sensitive.
From the begining of 19-"'No suh, I didn't go to be.'"
Court-Shows even more of the court case and Maycomb's justice system (or lack of).
pg. 254(190) "He guided his arm to the Bible and his rubber-like left hand sought contact with the black binding.
Court-The Bible stands for justice in the court system, which is ironic because Tom is receiving no justice.
pg. 257(192) "Tom Robinson was probably the only person who was ever decent to her. But she said he took advantage of her, and when she stood up she looked at him as if he were dirt beneath her feet."
Mockingbird-Tom is hated and wrongly accused even after being the only one to show the family kindness.
pg. 265(198) "No suh, scared I'd hafta face up to what I didn't do,
Mockingbird/Court-Tom knows he is innocent, but knows he will probably end up being charged with assult and end up in jail because Mayella's word is worth more than his is.
During Tom's testimony he says multiple times that he ran from the Ewell's house because he was scared. What kind of thoughts do you think were running through Tom's mind as he escaped?
Have you ever been in a fight or flight type situation before? If you have, what did you do, and if you haven't, what do you think you would do?