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Japan's Role in WWII and the Rape of Nanking
Transcript of Japan's Role in WWII and the Rape of Nanking
Ex: America likes to view itself as the righteous spreader of democracy. Homework: Write 2-3 paragraphs about the Rape of Nanking. The first paragraph should be a summary, the second/third should be about how the world would view Japan after this event. Japan's Emperor Emperor was regarded as a man directly in contact with God
Emperor Hirohito was the emperor during WWII
Reigned from 1926-1989
The role of the emperor in Japan can be viewed as similar to the facist dictators in Western Europe
The citizens of Japan were motivated to expand on behalf of the glory of the emperor. 1930's Japan National school system rededicated to training "loyal subjects of the emperor." All children were taught to be dedicated subjects of the emperor, and to fight the war for the emperor, based on the Imperial Way. Third-grade textbooks declare: "There are many countries around the world, but Japan is the only country that is destined to prosper forever under our emperor, who is divine." Culture of imperialism and militarism
Began occupation of China in 1931.
Wanted to expand into China and surrounding Pacific islands for the natural resources and wealth of the countries. During the Second Sino-Japanese War there was an event in 1937 known as the Rape of Nanking The Rape of Nanking Nanking was the capital city of China
The Japanese had the "Three Alls Policy" - Kill All, Loot All, Destroy All
300,000 Chinese were killed
Killing young men was treated as a sport by some Japanese soliders, women and girls were violently raped, people were buried alive, and bayoneting was the most common form of death What makes these killings so gruesome was the fact that Japan captured the cities of Shanghai and Nanking very easily. There was no explanation for the brutal massacre of the Chinese people. To better understand this event we will watch clips from a documentary that has accounts and stories from the survivors of Nanking. Keep in mind the value first person accounts have in recounting things that happen during war. Ticket Out: Content Objective:You will be able to understand Japan's government during the 1930s and explain the Rape of Nanking.
Language Objective: You will be able to listen to a lecture and watch a video, while taking notes. Agenda Do Now
Hand in HW
Lecture on Japan's government, role in the world during the 30s, and the Rape of Nanking
Watch a video on the Rape of Nanking
Ticket Out 1930's Japan 2 failed military coups
Political assassinations more common
Rejected international relationships - Withdrew from the League of Nations
Early 1930's Japanese economy mirrored those of Germany and Italy
Made an alliance with Germany and Italy in 1940 Imagine you were a missionary, who ended up in Nanking during the Rape of Nanking. What would your reaction to these events be? How would you treat the Chinese people? How would you treat the Japanese soldiers?