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Model of Child Care Presentation: Home Daycare
Transcript of Model of Child Care Presentation: Home Daycare
History of Home Daycare
- Home Daycare (also known as Family Daycare) is child care based in a home instead of a centre.
- It has been around as long as people have had neighbors or friends nearby that help care for their children.
- Home daycares appeal to people who want their children in a warm environment but do not have the money for a nanny.
- Even though World War Two was pretty much the beginning of home daycares, it was 1972 that the majority of the daycares were established.
- During World War Two the government sponsored daycare for 400,000 preschool aged children because they needed the mothers to work in industries to produce war materials.
- After the war the government stopped supporting daycare and told all mothers to quit their jobs to take care of their children.
- Also happening during World War Two was a program in Portland, Oregon that started in 1943. It was the Kaiser shipyards that opened a daycare and placed it between the entrance of their two shipyards.
- They did this to lower the absences of their working mothers.
- The centres were known as the largest and were operational for 24 hours.
By Sherry Merritt, Greg Jackman, Shannon Kohli, Ashley Elms, Kristin McCormack, Caleigh Broadfoot, Connor Wright and Vanessa Samuels.
Philosophy of Home Daycare
If a parent or guardian is interested in placing their child in a home daycare they have the choice of accessing a
private home daycare
or a home daycare run through an
- A private home daycare is a daycare in which the child care provider develops and delivers his or her services by his or herself.
- A home daycare run through an agency is a daycare in which the child care provider is hired by a child care company, and runs the company's services in his or her home.
- In order to access a private home daycare a parent or guardian will need to look for advertisements posted by the child care provider. These advertisements can come in the form of flyers, posters, or ads posted online.
- One can also access a private home daycare through having connections to the child care provider.
- The parent or guardian seeking private child care may know the child care provider directly, or they may have a friend who knows the child care provider.
- In order to access a home daycare run through an agency, the parent or guardian simply has to contact the agency of their choice.
- They will then be matched with a consultant, who will introduce the family to the child care provider and address any concerns that the family may have.
- The consultant can be considered the family's "guide" throughout their journey with home daycare.
- Home daycares offer full-day, half-day and even before and after school services.
- This depends mostly on the age of the child being placed in the home.
- Infants and toddlers usually use a full-day service.
- Preschool and school aged children usually use the half-day or before and after school services.
- When a child is placed in a new home daycare their guardian(s) has the choice to slowly integrate them into the home by starting with half-day services.
- The monthly cost to place a child in a home daycare depends on how often the child is at the home, and how long.
- According to the National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies (NACCRRA) the cost of daycare averages around $950 a month, or $11,400 a year.
- Private home daycares are not run by the government. Everything comes out of their pocket and the business of clients.
- If one's services is run through an agency the fees will be established by the agency, and not the child care provider. This is when subsidized child care can be made available.
- Communication between home and daycare is extremely important.
- In the morning at drop off time, a quick recap of how the child’s night was gives the daycare provider important information such as: will the child be extra tired because they slept poorly, was the child sick or not feeling well.
- When the child is picked up the daycare provider will give the parent a recap of how the day went.
- Any important information such as did the child eat well? Did the child take a nap? Were there any injuries or misbehaviours that the parent should be aware of?
- Parents should visit their child at the home daycare every once in a while and spend time with them.
- This helps the parent see the child in an environment they don’t normal see them in.
- Take a good look around when you visit your child. It is always a good idea to reevaluate if the program is still meeting the needs of your child.
Talk to the Child
- If your child is old enough to speak, talk to them about their day.
- Ask questions about what they did, who they played with, what the best part of the day was.
- This is important because it gives the child the ability to share any concerns they may have or things that are not going well for them.
- The parent should always ask what the policy is on behaviour management.
- If you have a problem with the policy or disagree with how it is implemented then you should have a meeting and discuss it before enrolling your child in the daycare.
There are many workshops for child care providers. Some examples that they have for caregiver training are:
1. Communicable Disease
2. Home Safety
4. Food Safety
5. Communicating with Parents
6. Child Behaviour Management
7. Pre-school Speech and Language Development
8. Child Abuse Awareness
There are also many workshops on early learning to educate those who wish to become home childcare providers. Some of these workshops include:
1) A workshop on play that talks about the value of play, toys, play areas, violent play and electronic play such as work on a computer.
2) A workshop which discusses how to help children express their anger appropriately.
3) There is also a workshop that helps the educators understand the gross and fine motor skills of young children.
4) Some other workshops include the review of cognitive development, and social and communication skills in young children.
- The parents or guardians of the children are required to drop the children off at the home and pick them up at the scheduled time.
- The only means of transportation the child care provider might use is a van for field trips.
- In a home daycare there is plenty of individual attention provided to each child. This is because there are less children than in a centre.
- Home daycares can have a wide range of age groups. This may increase the development of the younger children.
- Home daycares are usually cheaper than centres.
- Children are exposed to fewer illnesses than they would be in a centre.
As a parent, deciding which daycare to send your child to can be a very difficult decision. Every family defines an "ideal" daycare environment differently. The expectations for a private home daycare are very similar. To help parents make an informed decision, here's a sample list of questions they can ask themselves.
The Caregiver: General Questions
Are they friendly?
Will my child enjoy being around this person?
Will they treat my child with respect?
Will they be patient with my child?
Do they feel good about what they do?
Will they encourage good habits?
Do they have a regularly established routine?
Will they discuss my child with me regularly?
The Caregiver: Infants/Toddlers
Do they play with/hold/talk to my child?
Do they provide my child with stimulation by pointing out things for them to see, touch, and hear?
Do they provide my child with dependable, frequent care?
Have they "child-proofed" the daycare environment so my child may crawl/walk freely and without restrictions?
The Caregiver: Preschool
Do they join in activities with my child?
Do they plan various activities for my child? Does he/she have a say in what they will do?
Do they value play and encourage my child to use his/her imagination?
Do they allow my child to make his/her own choices?
The Outdoor Play Area
The Eating Area
The Play Room
- To provide a safe and comfortable environment for children to learn.
- To ensure children are experiencing many positive interactions each and every day at the day care.
- Children are shown a lot of nurture in a family home daycare as it is more personal due to smaller ratios.
- The goal for every family home daycare is ensure that children are protected, and have fun at the same time as challenging their knowledge and abilities across all domains.
Questions and Answers
Q: How many children are able to be in your home at a time?
A: No more than 5. I have 3 at my home daycare.
Q: How many years have you had this home daycare?
A: I have had it for 13 years.
Questions and Answers
Q: What agency are you with?
A: I am with Community Child Care Ottawa.
Q: How many hours does your home daycare run for?
A: From 7:30-5:00.
Questions and Answers
Q:Do the parents give the child food or do you provide it?
A: I provide the food.
Q: How much time is given for outdoor play?
A: 30-45 minutes every morning and afternoon.
Questions and Answers
Q: Is there transportation specifically for the home daycare?
A: The parents pick up and drop the children off.
Q: Do you have nap time? If so how long?
A: Yes I do for the younger children. It is from 12:30-2:30, also the infant has a morning nap for 40 minutes.
Questions and Answers
Q: What is your meal plan like?
A: I change it up weekly; the agency gives me the meal plan.
Q: Do you have any colleagues?
A: No I work by myself.
Work Shops on Early Learning. (n.d.). Online
Workshops. Retrieved November 11, 2013, from http:/workshopsonearlylearning.com/work
Day Care. (n.d.). - The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved November 17, 2013, from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/day-care
Parent Involvement in Day Care Center Activities. (n.d.). Everyday Life. Retrieved November 17, 2013, from http://everydaylife.globalpost.com/parent-involvement-day-care-center-activities-3882.html
Home Daycare. (n.d.). BabyCenter. Retrieved November 17, 2013, from http://www.babycenter.com/303_home-daycare_1512906.bc
A Parents Guide to Private Home Daycare. (n.d.). Durham. Retrieved November 17, 2013, from http://www.durham.ca/departments/social/ch