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Relational Cultural Theory 2
Transcript of Relational Cultural Theory 2
The process of moving through connections, disconnections, and back into new transformative, and enhanced connections with others.
Challenged traditional models
that emphasized individuation,
separation, and autonomy as
markers of emotional maturity
and psychological health.
Experiences of isolation, shame, humiliation, oppression, marginalization, and microaggressions are relational violations that are at the core of human (our) suffering and threaten the survival of humankind (us).
Inevitable part of all relationships, including relationships between counselors and culturally different clients.
Resist and eradicate sociopolitical factors that operated as the source of our relational disconnections with individuals from marginalized and devalued cultural groups.
Counselors who are privileged and/or members of the dominant group need to understand what we have been taught to expect from marginalized and devalued members of society.
Jean Baker Miller (1976)
Movement toward mutuality, rather than separation, characterized mature functioning.
The ability to participate in increasingly complex and diversified relational networks characterizes psychological growth.
All individuals (we) yearn for connection, belonging, and social inclusion.
The disconnections (nature, frequency, and relational context) we experience with significant others in our lives, and within the larger culture, can be accompanied by feelings of shame, fear, frustration, humiliation, self-blame, suspicion, and mistrust.
Encourage naming of own and others reality and authentically expressing their thoughts, feelings, and experiences.
The expressions of our expectations and fears of how others will respond to us.
Reflected in our expectations of the outcomes of our relationships with others when we make personal strides [are open and vulnerable] to establish meaningful relationships.
Mutual empathy is key to healing and transformation in relationships
Requires a degree of vulnerability on the part of the counselor that results from an ability to be authentically present with the client during times of connections and disconnections
Co-created in counseling relationships
Occurs when the counselor effectively expresses connection with the client’s expressed thought and feelings
When the client acknowledges being affected by the impact they have had in generating this sort of empathic response in the counselor.