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African Americans in the New South

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Meagan Dreher

on 7 March 2014

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Transcript of African Americans in the New South

African Americans in the New South
Jim Crow Laws
Ku Klux Klan
Freedmen's Bureau
Black Codes
14th Amendment
Plessy vs. Ferguson
15th Amendment
Tenant farming
Jim Crow Laws
Poll taxes
Literacy tests
Grandfather clauses
Ku Klux Klan
Racist group that targeted blacks
Promoted white sumpremacy
Tried to prevent voting and freedom of blacks through terror and other cruel tactics.
Freedmen's Bureau
Federal agency created by Lincoln to help newly freed blacks transition into society with education, food, medicine and shelter.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
A Supreme Court ruling by John Marshall stating that all facilities could constitutionally be segregated if they were "separate but equal."
Repudiated in 1954 by Brown vs. BOE
Upheld the Jim Crow Laws.
14th Amendment
Equal protection of the law for all citizens by the state.
The 14th amendment marked the first time that states needed to protect their citizens' rights (including blacks) without the help of the federal government.
15th Amendment
Federal and state governments could not withhold the right to vote based on race, color, or previous social status.
Granted blacks equal voting rights.
Black Codes
The 13th Amendment led the South to create Black Codes to limit the rights and freedoms of blacks following slavery.
Prohibited blacks from renting/borrowing money
Placed freedmen in a form of semi-bondage by forcing them to sign work contracts
Prohibited blacks from testifying against whites in court.
Tenant Farming
Very similar to sharecropping, although the tenants pay money to the farm owners, instead of giving them part of their harvest.

Works Cited

Benson, Sonia, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentiine "Sharecropping and Tenant Farming." Gale U.S. History in Context. UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, 2009. Web. 25 Feb. 2014.

Brinkley, Alan. The Unfinished Nation: A Concise History of the American People. 6th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print.

Bryant, Jonathon. "Ku Klux Klan in the Reconstruction Era." New Georgia Encyclopedia. N.p., 03 Oct. 2002. Web. 26 Feb. 2014.

Conrad, David E. "Tenant Farming and Sharecropping." Oklahoma Historical Society, n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014.

Henretta, James A., David Brody, Lynn Dumenil, and Susan Ware. America's History. 5th ed. Boston: Bedford/ St. Martin's, 2004. Print.

Maier, Pauline, Merritt Roe Smith, Alexander Keyssar, and Daniel J. Kevles. Inventing America: A History of the United States. New York: W.W. Norton &, 2003. Print.

Newman, John J., and John M. Schmalbach. United States History: Preparing for the Advanced Placement Examination. New York, NY: Amsco School Publications, 1998. Print.

PTCHistory. "Sharecropping." YouTube. YouTube, 21 Aug. 2009. Web. 27 Feb. 2014.
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