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P1, M1,D1 LEVELS OF GOVERMENT
Transcript of P1, M1,D1 LEVELS OF GOVERMENT
all the laws passed by the Europe parliament have to be stuck to.
these laws affect: immigration, human rights and criminal justice.
The european union said the UK must change so prisoners can vote, this effects the prison service. Central goverment. The monarch (King, Queen) is the head of the state. They have symbolic roles/no real power.
They are her majesty's armed forces/police.
when she signs a law it becomes a law and she can not reject them. Executive- like the head of a business they make decisions on laws/politics that affect the public services. the prime minister is the head of the UK hes like an MP and elected every five years. he decides on policy for police service, declares war and represents uk abroad. legislative- This is where laws are voted on in the houses of parliament. houses of commons is where MP's (member of parliment) ias an elected person who represents an imperticular town, they are voted i by the people of that town to tell there probems to the goverment. PM and the cabinnet come up with ideas for new laws but they cannot pass them this is for the legisture. house of lords- lords are herditartor they are chosen by the prime minister for their experties they sre not elected and many of them are seniour judges/solicitors.They give them there main power, the power to check and reject laws from the house of commons. if the house of commons vote yes, then the house of lods agree then the Queen signs a royal assent and it then becomes a law. house of commons- MP's sit here, and MP (member of parliament) is an elected person who represents a particular town. They are voted in by the people of that town to tell there problems to the government. 650 MP's if 50% say yes to a law it is debated in the house of commons. judicial- Judge.
The judicial system cants judges/magistrates, judges have the power to pass sentences on people based on the law passed by the legislature they are totally independent of, government can sentence members of the government to jail. Developed government- powers being given away from the central parliament in London to smaller parliaments in Scotland, Ireland and wales. Scottish parliament- they can make their own criminal law, they can change their tax rates either make them higher or lower by 2% on rates set in London. Uni tuition fees, 1,200 pounds per year, and also prescriptions are free. Welsh assembly- They cant change criminal law or set their own tax's.
- they have control over the NHS but they do not have to pay precipitation fees.
- they also do not have any parking fees at the hospitals. Northern Ireland assembly- similar powers to the Welsh assembly but the police in Northern Ireland can use rubber bullets and the water cannon. The first minister of northern Ireland can deploy the army to deal with in rest. London assembly- mayor of London (Boris Johnson) works with the public services to develop counter- terrorism/solicitors and management plans.
selects the cheif of London met police (UK's most senior police officer). Regional government- was a plan to give each region of England its own assembly to make the polices that were closer to Yorkshire people, for example- a vote was taken weather to go ahead or not and 77% said it was too expensive so it was dropped. local councils- 2 groups, main ones are metropolitan, brought councils which cover city's. They are responsible for:
1/3 council tax raised pays for local police/fire service other 2/3 paid by centura; goverment/ councilors: are like mini MP's that represent particular neighborhoods, they vote the council chambers on how to spend council tax in the town and try to sort out residents problems. lord mayors, ceremonial head, but its more like a monarch. council leader: like a prime minister, they make decisions on council directions. Other types of councils: North Yorkshire county councils cover rural areas, have similar powers don't have as much money but they still fund the police and fire service 1/3.
District councils: They cover towns ans surrounding villages, they get less money and cover street lighting (parks), police leason, but not in control of them and don't fund them.
Town councils: They get more council tax. this is called a precept. They cover a certain town, they cover: parks, street lights and events. Depending on the size of the town depends on the jobs they do and the responsibilities they have.
Parish councils: cover villages they have very small funds ( tens of thousands £'s ). They are resposible for village green/communty centers, might run neighborhood watch and lease with P.C.S.O's.