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Copy of Leadership styles

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Candace Pollard

on 25 September 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Leadership styles

Leadership styles
LO: To understand the styles of leadership
Leadership styles
A leadership style is the manner and approach of providing direction for a team, implementing plans and motivating people. They all have advantages and disadvantages.
Due to the ever changing public expectations of the public services the styles of leadership they use also needs to change and evolve.
Three minutes to think of as many different leadership styles as you can. In silence.

Two minutes to discuss and compare with a partner.
Leadership Styles
Task Orientated
People Orientated
Very direct leadership style where the leader tells the team members what they must do.
Considered a classic leadership style.
Used when a leader wants to retain power and maintain control over the decision making.
Leader tells the team what to do without any negotiations.
Team members are expected to obey orders.
Might use this when:
you have all the information to solve the problem.
you are working to a tight deadline
team is well motivated and used to it
5 minutes what are the advantages and disadvantages?
Where the leader maintains control of the
group, but team members' opinions and
views are encouraged and the leader informs
the team about issues which may affect them.
Encourages a sense of responsibility in team members.
Allows the leader to draw upon expertise and experience of all the team to achieve the best results.
Using the information on page 41 and 42 pick out the advantages and disadvantages of democratic leadership and complete the questions in the case study.
15 minutes

It's a hands-off approach to leadership, where the group are trusted to complete the task by the leader
It can also be known as the "hands - off", "free-reign" or "delegative" approach.
The leader has very little control over the group and leaves them to establish their own rules
and responsibilities.
Followers have a lot of power but very little direction.

They must use this to establish their own goals, make decisions and resolve any issues that arise.
It is difficult to master as leaders have great difficulty delegating power.
Difficult with some groups as they may fall behind with goals.
List the advantages
and disadvantages 7 minutes
Very direct style of leadership and uses rewards and punishments to motivate the team.
Similar to autocratic but not as extreme, however they are direct and dominating and spend a lot of time telling others what is expected.
They use rewards and punishments to gain the support of their team.
They create clear structure so the team know what is expected of them and what incentives they can expect.
They also know what punishments are in place if they do not meet expectations.
Advantages and disadvantages 10 min
This style focuses on team performance as a whole by encouraging team members to think of the group rather than themselves. It is about moving forward as a team rather than themselves. It is moving forward as a team rather than individuals who just happen to be on the same project.
Make further notes and list the advantages and disadvantages 10 min
Leadership style that focuses on rules and procedures to manage teams and projects.
Authority is diffused among a number of departments or individuals and there is strict adherence to a set of operational rules.
Often used in organisations that don't encourage innovation and by leaders who maybe insecure.
It involves following the rules rigidly.
Leaders like to do things by the book.
It is usually found in many uniformed and no-uniformed public services.
Advantages and disadvantages. 5 min
People - orientated
Focuses on participation of all team members, clear communication and supporting and developing the individual in order to improve skills.
The leader is competent in their role and inspire others to unlock their potential.
They allocate roles based on a person's strength and skills.
It encourages good teamwork, loyalty and creative collaboration and helps to avoid low morale, poor communication and distrust.
Good relationships are key to its success.
Task- orientated
It is about getting the job done. The completion of the task rather than the needs of the team is the key goal.
Leaders will define the work and the roles required, put plans in place, organise and monitor with little regard for their teams needs.
Has many flaws such as motivating and retaining the team.
Case study:
Winston Churchill 1874-1965
Read the case study on page 46 and answer the questions.
20 minutes

Appropriate style for the situation
The public services receive their strategic plans either directly from a government ministry or come up with their own plans under the prevailing political will of the time.
This means that even senior officers often have no input into the goal setting of the organisation but are given authoritarian dictates that they have to impose on their employees.
They must however be ready to respond to the challenges and changes that may arise and must be able to use a whole range of leadership styles.

They must be highly adaptable and
comfortable using all styles
of leadership.
Team leader role
Team leaders can be appointed in different ways:

Some people make better leaders than others, however, as long as someone is interested and willing, with an idea of communication, understand the needs of others and offer support then they have the basics to develop their leaderships skills.
A team leader should:
encourage and maintain open communication
help the team develop
be an active listener
look to delegate their authority
coordinate multi-agency responses such as emergency service or military teams working to reach the same goal

match the leadership qualities with their definitions.
5 minutes

Complete the Tarsia puzzle
10 minutes
In the form of a written essay:
P1: describe the different leadership styles used in the public service.

P2: identify the role of the team leader in the public services

M1: compare the different leadership styles

D1: evaluate the effectiveness of
different leadership styles

Using the following : -
Authoritarian; Democratic; Laissez-faire; transactional; transformational; bureaucratic; people orientated; task orientated

• Match all of the above leadership styles to a specific leadership role within the uniformed public services of your choice (You can use more than one service)
• Describe the team leader position, what responsibilities do they have? Do they have to co-ordinate multi agency staff?
• Might they have to change leadership style to suit a situation…?
• What leadership qualities do they need? Think about decisiveness, adaptability, courage, compassion
• What leadership skills might they need? Think about communication, organisation, multi-tasking, planning, motivating – and anything else you may think of!
Full transcript